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MySQL启动报错解决一例

[日期:2014-05-25] 来源:Linux社区  作者:marvelyu [字体: ]

由于项目需要不得不折腾MySQL,RedHat Linux上安装了最新的MySQL 5.6启动报错如下:

[root@tserver mysql]# /etc/init.d/mysql start
Starting MySQL.The server quit without updating PID file (/var/lib/mysql/tserver.pid).[FAILED]

检查报错信息tserver.err。

cat tserver.err

140121 06:03:29 mysqld_safe Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /var/lib/mysql
2014-01-21 06:03:29 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Plugin 'FEDERATED' is disabled.
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] InnoDB: Using CPU crc32 instructions
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [ERROR] InnoDB: auto-extending data file ./ibdata1 is of a different size 640 pages (rounded down to MB) than specified in the .cnf file: initial 768 pages, max 0 (relevant if non-zero) pages!
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [ERROR] InnoDB: Could not open or create the system tablespace. If you tried to add new data files to the system tablespace, and it failed here, you should now edit innodb_data_file_path in my.cnf back to what it was, and remove the new ibdata files InnoDB created in this failed attempt. InnoDB only wrote those files full of zeros, but did not yet use them in any way. But be careful: do not remove old data files which contain your precious data!
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [ERROR] Plugin 'InnoDB' init function returned error.
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [ERROR] Plugin 'InnoDB' registration as a STORAGE ENGINE failed.
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [ERROR] Unknown/unsupported storage engine: InnoDB
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [ERROR] Aborting

2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Binlog end
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'partition'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_DATAFILES'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_TABLESPACES'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_FOREIGN_COLS'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_FOREIGN'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_FIELDS'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_COLUMNS'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_INDEXES'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_TABLESTATS'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_TABLES'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_FT_INDEX_TABLE'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_FT_INDEX_CACHE'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_FT_CONFIG'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_FT_BEING_DELETED'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_FT_DELETED'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_FT_DEFAULT_STOPWORD'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_METRICS'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_BUFFER_POOL_STATS'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_BUFFER_PAGE_LRU'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_BUFFER_PAGE'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_CMP_PER_INDEX_RESET'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_CMP_PER_INDEX'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_CMPMEM_RESET'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_CMPMEM'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_CMP_RESET'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_CMP'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_LOCK_WAITS'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_LOCKS'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_TRX'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'BLACKHOLE'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'ARCHIVE'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'CSV'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'MEMORY'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'MRG_MYISAM'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'MyISAM'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'sha256_password'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'mysql_old_password'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'mysql_native_password'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'binlog'
2014-01-21 06:03:29 14964 [Note] /usr/sbin/mysqld: Shutdown complete

检查发现mysql的目录下有如下文件:


[root@tserver mysql]# ls
ibdata1  ib_logfile0  ib_logfile1  mysql  RPM_UPGRADE_HISTORY  RPM_UPGRADE_MARKER-LAST  test  tserver.err

删除了如下三个文件:

[root@tserver mysql]# rm ibdata1  ib_logfile0  ib_logfile1
rm: remove regular file `ibdata1'? yes     
rm: remove regular file `ib_logfile0'? yes
rm: remove regular file `ib_logfile1'? yes

重新启动mysql server就可以了:

[root@tserver mysql]# /etc/init.d/mysql start
Starting MySQL.[  OK  ]
[root@tserver mysql]# ps -ef|grep mysql
root    15166    1  0 06:12 pts/0    00:00:00 /bin/sh /usr/bin/mysqld_safe --datadir=/var/lib/mysql --pid-file=/var/lib/mysql/tserver.pid
mysql    15257 15166  9 06:12 pts/0    00:00:00 /usr/sbin/mysqld --basedir=/usr --datadir=/var/lib/mysql --plugin-dir=/usr/lib64/mysql/plugin --user=mysql --log-error=/var/lib/mysql/tserver.err --pid-file=/var/lib/mysql/tserver.pid
root    15284 14224  0 06:12 pts/0    00:00:00 grep mysql

MySQL的Group By分组 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-05/102202.htm

安装和使用 Percona 推出的 Xtrabackup 备份 MySQL http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2011-10/44451.htm

Ubuntu下Nginx做负载实现高性能WEB服务器5---MySQL主主同步 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-06/61687p5.htm

Ubuntu 14.04下搭建MySQL主从服务器 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-05/101599.htm

更多RedHat相关信息见RedHat 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=10

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-05/102229.htm

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相关资讯       MySQL启动  MySQL报错  MySQL启动报错 
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