你好,游客 登录 注册 搜索
背景:
阅读新闻

Nginx安装配置使用详细笔记

[日期:2014-07-22] 来源:Linux社区  作者:mchdba [字体: ]

4 制作证书Key。
4.1.首先要生成服务器端的私钥(key文件):
openssl genrsa -des3 -out server.key 2048

Enter pass phrase for server.key:gongsilong0617

4.2.用server.key生成一个证书:
openssl req -new -key server.key -out server.csr
pass phrase: gongsilong0617

[root@localhost ssl]# openssl req -new -key server.key -out server.csr
Enter pass phrase for server.key:
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
Country Name (2 letter code) [GB]:cn
State or Province Name (full name) [Berkshire]:shanghai
Locality Name (eg, city) [Newbury]:shanghai
Organization Name (eg, company) [My Company Ltd]:gongsilong
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:business
Common Name (eg, your name or your server's hostname) []:ops
Email Address []:mch@gongsilong.com

Please enter the following 'extra' attributes
to be sent with your certificate request
A challenge password []:gongsilong0617
An optional company name []:gongsilong
[root@localhost ssl]#

4.3. 对客户端也作同样的命令生成key及csr文件
openssl genrsa -des3 -out client.key 2048
pass phrase: plclient0618

[root@localhost client]# openssl req -new -key client.key -out client.csr
Enter pass phrase for client.key:
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
Country Name (2 letter code) [GB]:cn
State or Province Name (full name) [Berkshire]:shanghai
Locality Name (eg, city) [Newbury]:shanghai
Organization Name (eg, company) [My Company Ltd]:gongsilong
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:business
Common Name (eg, your name or your server's hostname) []:ops
Email Address []:mch@gongsilong.com

Please enter the following 'extra' attributes
to be sent with your certificate request
A challenge password []:plclient0618
An optional company name []:gongsilong

4.4 生成的CSR证书文件必须有CA的签名才可形成证书.这里制作自己的CA 这时生成一个KEY文件ca.key 和根证书ca.crt
pass phrase: gongsilong0617

[root@localhost ssl]# openssl req -new -x509 -nodes -keyout ca.key -out ca.crt
Generating a 1024 bit RSA private key
.......++++++
................++++++
writing new private key to 'ca.key'
Enter PEM pass phrase:
Verifying - Enter PEM pass phrase:
-----
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
Country Name (2 letter code) [GB]:cn
State or Province Name (full name) [Berkshire]:shanghai
Locality Name (eg, city) [Newbury]:
writing new private key to 'ca.key'Organization Name (eg, company) [My Company Ltd]:
[root@localhost ssl]# openssl req -new -x509 -keyout ca.key -out ca.crt
Generating a 1024 bit RSA private key
..............++++++
..................................................++++++
writing new private key to 'ca.key'
Enter PEM pass phrase:
Verifying - Enter PEM pass phrase:
-----
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
Country Name (2 letter code) [GB]:cn
State or Province Name (full name) [Berkshire]:shanghai
Locality Name (eg, city) [Newbury]:shanghai
Organization Name (eg, company) [My Company Ltd]:gongsilong
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:business
Common Name (eg, your name or your server's hostname) []:ops
Email Address []:mch@gongsilong.com
[root@localhost ssl]#
[root@localhost ssl]# mch@gongsilong.com
-bash: mch@gongsilong.com: command not found
[root@localhost ssl]#

签署证书准备工作:
[root@mail ssl]# vim /etc/pki/tls/openssl.cnf
#dir = ../../CA //修改如下
dir = /etc/pki/plocc/CA


touch /etc/pki/plocc/CA/{index.txt,serial}
[root@localhost ssl]# ll /etc/pki/plocc/CA/
总计 0
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 0 06-18 10:47 index.txt
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 0 06-18 10:47 serial
[root@localhost ssl]# echo 01 > /etc/pki/plocc/CA/serial
[root@localhost ssl]# mkdir /etc/pki/plocc/CA/newcerts

4.5 用生成的CA的证书(ca.crt)为刚才生成的server.csr,client.csr文件签名
pass phrase:gongsilong0617
openssl ca -in server.csr -out server.crt -cert ca.crt -keyfile ca.key

[root@localhost ssl]# openssl ca -in server.csr -out server.crt -cert ca.crt -keyfile ca.key
Using configuration from /etc/pki/tls/openssl.cnf
Enter pass phrase for ca.key:
Check that the request matches the signature
Signature ok
Certificate Details:
Serial Number: 1 (0x1)
Validity
Not Before: Jun 18 04:04:09 2014 GMT
Not After : Jun 18 04:04:09 2015 GMT
Subject:
countryName = cn
stateOrProvinceName = shanghai
organizationName = baolong
organizationalUnitName = business
commonName = ops
emailAddress = mch@gongsilong.com
X509v3 extensions:
X509v3 Basic Constraints:
CA:FALSE
Netscape Comment:
OpenSSL Generated Certificate
X509v3 Subject Key Identifier:
52:6A:D9:56:CB:2B:DA:E3:9A:18:CC:FE:4D:A1:8C:21:86:55:D5:11
X509v3 Authority Key Identifier:
keyid:4E:F5:29:7F:6B:AD:11:EF:FC:44:CC:76:1D:B0:B9:F7:4B:9D:CB:93

Certificate is to be certified until Jun 18 04:04:09 2015 GMT (365 days)
Sign the certificate? [y/n]:y

1 out of 1 certificate requests certified, commit? [y/n]y
Write out database with 1 new entries
Data Base Updated
[root@localhost ssl]#

[root@localhost ssl]# openssl ca -in client.csr -out client.crt -cert ca.crt -keyfile ca.key
Using configuration from /etc/pki/tls/openssl.cnf
Enter pass phrase for ca.key:
Check that the request matches the signature
Signature ok
Certificate Details:
Serial Number: 2 (0x2)
Validity
Not Before: Jun 18 04:10:40 2014 GMT
Not After : Jun 18 04:10:40 2015 GMT
Subject:
countryName = cn
stateOrProvinceName = shanghai
organizationName = baolong
organizationalUnitName = business
commonName = ops
emailAddress = mch@gongsilong.com
X509v3 extensions:
X509v3 Basic Constraints:
CA:FALSE
Netscape Comment:
OpenSSL Generated Certificate
X509v3 Subject Key Identifier:
E2:64:97:DC:A6:2B:85:53:5F:6C:5C:8D:1F:EB:59:C8:2C:66:C5:10
X509v3 Authority Key Identifier:
keyid:4E:F5:29:7F:6B:AD:11:EF:FC:44:CC:76:1D:B0:B9:F7:4B:9D:CB:93


Certificate is to be certified until Jun 18 04:10:40 2015 GMT (365 days)
Sign the certificate? [y/n]:y


1 out of 1 certificate requests certified, commit? [y/n]y
Write out database with 1 new entries
Data Base Updated
[root@localhost ssl]#


[PS]:附带功能:
另外,这个certificate是BASE64形式的,要转成PKCS12才能装到IE,/NETSCAPE上.转换如下:
双击安装就行
openssl pkcs12 -export -clcerts -in client.crt -inkey client.key -out client.p12
这个是ISO 需要的证书格式
openssl x509 -in client.crt -out client.cer
这个是Android 需要的证书格式。
[root@mail ssl]# openssl pkcs12 -export -in client.crt -inkey client.key -out client.pfx
Enter pass phrase for client.key: //客户端私钥密码
Enter Export Password: //pfx文件导入要求的密码
Verifying - Enter Export Password:

[root@localhost conf]# service nginx stop
stop nginx
Enter PEM pass phrase:
phrase is too short, needs to be at least 4 chars
Enter PEM pass phrase:
phrase is too short, needs to be at least 4 chars
Enter PEM pass phrase:

nginx启动SSL默认不输入密码
如果nginx配置了SSL,在每次启动nginx的时候都会需要你手动输入证书的密码,如果不想输入,可以
cp server.key server.key.orig
openssl rsa -in server.key.orig -out server.key
这样启动nginx的时候就不需要输入密码了。

[root@localhost ssl]# cp server.key server.key.orig
[root@localhost ssl]# openssl rsa -in server.key.orig -out server.key
Enter pass phrase for server.key.orig:
unable to load Private Key
20487:error:06065064:digital envelope routines:EVP_DecryptFinal_ex:bad decrypt:evp_enc.c:325:
20487:error:0906A065:PEM routines:PEM_do_header:bad decrypt:pem_lib.c:425:
[root@localhost ssl]#

这里奇怪,一开始通不过,但是过了15分钟后,在运行一遍,输入密码,又通过了,如下所示:
[root@localhost ssl]# openssl rsa -in server.key.orig -out server.key
Enter pass phrase for server.key.orig:
writing RSA key
[root@localhost ssl]#

当然也可以保留密码,改用expect的方式,这个可以参考expect自动登录SSH的方法,下次有时间再整理贴上来

5 静态文件地址映射 nginx
location = userWeb/userCenter/findConsultList.htm {
rewrite ^.*$ http://xx.gongsilong.com/xx/xx/findConsultList.htm;
}


# add by tim begin ...
location ~* ^/svn/(.*) {
rewrite ^.*$ https://192.123.11.12/$1;
}
# add by tim end ..

Nginx 的详细介绍请点这里
Nginx 的下载地址请点这里

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-07/104499.htm

linux
本文评论   查看全部评论 (0)
表情: 表情 姓名: 字数

       

评论声明
  • 尊重网上道德,遵守中华人民共和国的各项有关法律法规
  • 承担一切因您的行为而直接或间接导致的民事或刑事法律责任
  • 本站管理人员有权保留或删除其管辖留言中的任意内容
  • 本站有权在网站内转载或引用您的评论
  • 参与本评论即表明您已经阅读并接受上述条款