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CentOS 6.2下以源代码方式安装LAMP

[日期:2015-01-09] 来源:Linux社区  作者:昨夜星辰 [字体: ]

目的

以源代码方式安装LAMP。

主要软件版本信息

Linux: CentOS 6.2 32

Apache: 2.2.29

MySQL: 5.6.22

PHP: 5.2.17

使用说明

所有的源代码包和一键自动化安装脚本我已经打包好并上传到我的云盘。


所有的源代码包都是从官网或者官方建议的网站下载的。

相关附件 百度云盘下载:http://pan.baidu.com/s/12JCku

或者

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FTP地址:ftp://ftp1.linuxidc.com

用户名:ftp1.linuxidc.com

密码:www.linuxidc.com

在 2015年LinuxIDC.com\1月\CentOS 6.2下以源代码方式安装LAMP

下载方法见 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-10/91140.htm

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下载好后将其上传至Linux系统的/tmp目录下并解压。

执行下面的命令,安装的过程比较久。

sh /tmp/lamp/lamp.sh

安装完之后最好执行一下source /etc/profile,将mysql的bin目录添加到环境变量。


默认的htdocs目录位于/usr/local/apache目录。

默认的httpd.conf文件位于/usr/local/apache/conf目录。

默认的php.ini文件位于/usr/local/php/lib目录。

默认的my.cnf文件位于/etc目录。

安装完毕后可以用netstat -nltp来检查httpd和mysqld是否启动。

你可以在/usr/local/apache/htdocs目录下创建一个phpinfo.php文件来检查PHP是否正常工作,phpinfo.php的内容如下:

<?php

phpinfo();

?>


如果你在你的phpinfo.php页面中见到如下截图的信息,说明ZendOptimizer已经正常工作了。

CentOS 6.2下以源代码方式安装LAMP

你可以通过http://服务器IP/phpMyAdmin来访问数据库。

为了验证PHP是否正常运作,你可以去下一个实际的项目来运行,比如ECSHOP。

下载好后将整个站点上传到/usr/local/apache/htdocs目录下,并执行下面的命令。

chown -R apache:apache /usr/local/apache/htdocs/*

脚本

#!/bin/bash
# Script Name: One-key Automatic Install LAMP Server
# Author: yestreenstars
# Create Time: 2015-01-08
# Update Time: 2015-01-08
 
DOMAIN_NAME='www.example.com' # You can change this.
MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD='mypassword' # You can change this.
MYSQL_BASEDIR='/usr/local/mysql' # You can change this.
MYSQL_DATADIR='/data' # You can change this.
 
echo -n '--Stopping iptables and SELinux...'
(
service iptables stop
chkconfig iptables off
setenforce 0
[ -f /etc/selinux/config ] && sed -i '/^SELINUX=/s/=.*/=disabled/' /etc/selinux/config
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing related software...'
(
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ make cmake openssl-devel bison ncurses-devel perl python-devel freetype-devel wget patch libtool-ltdl-devel
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing apr...'
(
tar xjf /tmp/lamp/apr-1.5.1.tar.bz2 -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/apr-1.5.1/
./configure
make && make install
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing apr-util...'
(
tar xjf /tmp/lamp/apr-util-1.5.4.tar.bz2 -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/apr-util-1.5.4/
./configure --with-apr=/usr/local/apr/ --with-crypto
make && make install
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing pcre...'
(
tar xjf /tmp/lamp/pcre-8.36.tar.bz2 -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/pcre-8.36/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/pcre
make && make install
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing zlib...'
(
tar xzf /tmp/lamp/zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/zlib-1.2.8/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zlib
make && make install
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing apache...'
(
useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin apache
tar xjf /tmp/lamp/httpd-2.2.29.tar.bz2 -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/httpd-2.2.29/
./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/apache \
--with-z=/usr/local/zlib \
--enable-so --enable-static-support \
--enable-deflate=shared \
--enable-expires=shared \
--enable-rewrite=shared
make && make install
sed -i '69,70s/daemon/apache/;101s/.*/ServerName '$DOMAIN_NAME':80/;170s/$/ index.php/;312a\    AddType application/x-httpd-php .php' /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf
/bin/cp -f /tmp/lamp/httpd /etc/init.d/
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/httpd
chkconfig --add httpd
chkconfig httpd on
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing mysql...'
(
useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql
mkdir -p $MYSQL_DATADIR
chown -R mysql:mysql $MYSQL_DATADIR
tar xzf /tmp/lamp/mysql-5.6.22.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/mysql-5.6.22/
cmake \
-DMYSQL_BASEDIR=$MYSQL_BASEDIR \
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=$MYSQL_DATADIR \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET='utf8' \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION='utf8_general_ci'
make && make install
cd /usr/local/mysql/
./scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=$MYSQL_BASEDIR --datadir=$MYSQL_DATADIR
/bin/cp -f $PWD/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
/bin/cp -f $PWD/support-files/my-default.cnf /etc/my.cnf
echo "PATH=$MYSQL_BASEDIR/bin/:$PATH" >> /etc/profile
chkconfig --add mysqld
chkconfig mysqld on
service mysqld start
$MYSQL_BASEDIR/bin/mysqladmin -uroot password $MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing re2c...'
(
tar xzf /tmp/lamp/re2c-0.13.7.5.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/re2c-0.13.7.5/
./configure
make && make install
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing libxml2...'
(
tar xzf /tmp/lamp/libxml2-2.9.2.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/libxml2-2.9.2/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libxml2
make && make install
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing libpng...'
(
tar xzf /tmp/lamp/libpng-1.6.16.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/libpng-1.6.16/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libpng
make && make install
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing jpeg...'
(
mkdir /usr/local/jpeg
mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/bin
mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/lib
mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/include
mkdir -p /usr/local/jpeg/man/man1
tar xzf /tmp/lamp/jpegsrc.v9a.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/jpeg-9a/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/jpeg --enable-shared --enable-static
make && make install
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing freetype...'
(
tar xjf /tmp/lamp/freetype-2.5.5.tar.bz2 -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/freetype-2.5.5/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/freetype
make && make install
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing libmcrypt...'
(
tar xzf /tmp/lamp/libmcrypt-2.5.7.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/libmcrypt-2.5.7/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libmcrypt
make && make install
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing libgd...'
(
tar xzf /tmp/lamp/libgd-2.1.0.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/libgd-2.1.0/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libgd --with-zlib=/usr/local/zlib/ --with-jpeg=/usr/local/jpeg/ --with-png=/usr/local/libpng/ --with-freetype=/usr/local/freetype/
make && make install
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing libiconv...'
(
tar xzf /tmp/lamp/libiconv-1.14.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/libiconv-1.14/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/
make && make install
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libiconv.so.2 /usr/lib/
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing bzip2...'
(
tar xzf /tmp/lamp/bzip2-1.0.6.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/bzip2-1.0.6/
make install PREFIX=/usr/local/bzip2
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing php...'
(
tar xzf /tmp/lamp/php-5.2.17.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/
cd /usr/local/src/php-5.2.17/
wget https://mail.gnome.org/archives/xml/2012-August/txtbgxGXAvz4N.txt
patch -p0 -b < txtbgxGXAvz4N.txt
./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/php \
--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs \
--with-libxml-dir=/usr/local/libxml2 \
--with-gd \
--with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg \
--with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng \
--with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib \
--with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype \
--with-mcrypt=/usr/local/libmcrypt \
--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql \
--with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config \
--enable-soap \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-sockets
make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'
make install
cp /usr/local/src/php-5.2.17/php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing ZendOptimizer...'
(
tar xzf /tmp/lamp/ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-i386.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/
mv /usr/local/src/ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-i386 /usr/local/ZendOptimizer
echo -e '\n[ZendOptimizer]\nzend_extension = /usr/local/ZendOptimizer/data/5_2_x_comp/ZendOptimizer.so' >> /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Installing phpMyAdmin...'
(
tar xjf /tmp/lamp/phpMyAdmin-4.0.10.7-all-languages.tar.bz2 -C /usr/local/src/
mv /usr/local/src/phpMyAdmin-4.0.10.7-all-languages /usr/local/apache/htdocs/phpMyAdmin
cd /usr/local/apache/htdocs/phpMyAdmin
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -uroot -p$MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD < examples/create_tables.sql
cp config.sample.inc.php config.inc.php
sed -i '48,60s#// ##' config.inc.php
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo -n '--Starting apache...'
(
service httpd start
) &> /dev/null && echo 'Completed!' || exit
 
echo 'Completed!'

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CentOS 6.5系统安装配置LAMP(Apache+PHP5+MySQL)服务器环境 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-12/111030.htm

Ubuntu 14.04 配置 LAMP+phpMyAdmin PHP(5.5.9)开发环境  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-10/107924.htm

Windows 7下硬盘安装Ubuntu 14.10图文教程 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-10/108430.htm

U盘安装Ubuntu 14.10 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-10/108402.htm

Ubuntu 14.10 正式发布下载 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-10/108363.htm

Ubuntu 14.04 LTS 如何升级到 Ubuntu 14.10  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-10/108381.htm

Ubuntu 14.10 下安装 LAMP 服务图文详解  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-12/110082.htm

更多CentOS相关信息见CentOS 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=14

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作者:昨夜星辰

博客:http://yestreenstars.blog.51cto.com/

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本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-01/111512.htm

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* brace会员 发表于 2015/1/15 16:18:10
谢谢分享