你好,游客 登录 注册 搜索
背景:
阅读新闻

64位Ubuntu下重新编译Hadoop2.2.0步骤

[日期:2015-03-07] 来源:Linux社区  作者:scaleworld [字体: ]

Hadoop官方网站中只提供了32位的Hadoop-2.2.0.tar.gz,如果要在64位Ubuntu下部署Hadoop-2.2.0,就需要重新编译源码包,生成64位的部署包。

建议以下操作使用root账户,避免出现权限不足的问题。

Linux系统:64位Ubuntu 14.04.1

安装JDK

请参考文章《Ubuntu 14.04.1中安装JDK》 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-03/114618.htm

安装Maven

请参考文章《Ubuntu 14.04.1中安装Maven》http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-03/114619.htm

下载Hadoop源码

wget http://mirror.bit.edu.cn/apache/hadoop/common/hadoop-2.2.0/hadoop-2.2.0-src.tar.gz

解压

tar -xzf hadoop-2.2.0-src.tar.gz

编译源代码

cd hadoop-2.2.0-src
mvn package -Pdist,native -DskipTests -Dtar

第1次编译:失败(hadoop pom.xml的bug)

错误信息:

[ERROR] Failed to execute goal on project hadoop-auth: Could not resolve dependencies for project org.apache.hadoop:hadoop-auth:jar:2.2.0: Could not transfer artifact org.mortbay.jetty:jetty:jar:6.1.26 from/to central (https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2): GET request of: org/mortbay/jetty/jetty/6.1.26/jetty-6.1.26.jar from central failed: SSL peer shut down incorrectly -> [Help 1]
[ERROR]
[ERROR] To see the full stack trace of the errors, re-run Maven with the -e switch.
[ERROR] Re-run Maven using the -X switch to enable full debug logging.
[ERROR]
[ERROR] For more information about the errors and possible solutions, please read the following articles:
[ERROR] [Help 1] http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/MAVEN/DependencyResolutionException
[ERROR]
[ERROR] After correcting the problems, you can resume the build with the command
[ERROR] mvn -rf :hadoop-auth

解决办法:
这是hadoop的一个bug,在pom.xml中添加下面patch即可,详见https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-10110 。

编辑`hadoop-common-project/hadoop-auth/pom.xml`文件:

vi hadoop-common-project/hadoop-auth/pom.xml

<dependencys></dependencys>节点中插入:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.mortbay.jetty</groupId>
  <artifactId>jetty-util</artifactId>
  <scope>test</scope>
</dependency> 

第2次编译:失败(未安装protoc)

错误信息:

[ERROR] Failed to execute goal org.apache.hadoop:hadoop-maven-plugins:2.2.0:protoc (compile-protoc) on project hadoop-common: org.apache.maven.plugin.MojoExecutionException: 'protoc --version' did not return a version -&gt; [Help 1]
[ERROR]
[ERROR] To see the full stack trace of the errors, re-run Maven with the -e switch.
[ERROR] Re-run Maven using the -X switch to enable full debug logging.
[ERROR]
[ERROR] For more information about the errors and possible solutions, please read the following articles:
[ERROR] [Help 1] http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/MAVEN/MojoExecutionException
[ERROR]
[ERROR] After correcting the problems, you can resume the build with the command
[ERROR] mvn -rf :hadoop-common

解决办法:

根据错误信息可以知道是因为没有安装protoc。

wget https://protobuf.googlecode.com/files/protobuf-2.5.0.tar.gz
tar -xzf protobuf-2.5.0.tar.gz
cd protobuf-2.5.0
./configure
make
make check
make install

其中,在执行./configure命令是会报如下错误:

checking whether to enable maintainer-specific portions of Makefiles... yes
checking build system type... x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
checking host system type... x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
checking target system type... x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
checking for a BSD-compatible install... /usr/bin/install -c
checking whether build environment is sane... yes
checking for a thread-safe mkdir -p... /bin/mkdir -p
checking for gawk... gawk
checking whether make sets $(MAKE)... no
checking for gcc... no
checking for cc... no
checking for cl.exe... no
configure: error: in `/home/hadoop/protobuf-2.5.0':
configure: error: no acceptable C compiler found in $PATH
See `config.log' for more details

提示我们找不到C编译器,因此我们还需要安装C编译器。

ubuntu提供了集成gcc等编译器的基本编译工具`build-essential`,安装起来也比较方便,只需要一行命令:

apt-get install build-essential

安装过程中可能会提示包找不到,建议先更新下软件源:

apt-get update

安装之后验证protobuf的时候可能会报错以下错误:

$ protoc --version
protoc: error while loading shared libraries: libprotoc.so.8: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

解决如下:

$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib
$ protoc --version
libprotoc 2.5.0

第3次编译:失败(未安装cmake)

错误信息:

[ERROR] Failed to execute goal org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-antrun-plugin:1.6:run (make) on project hadoop-common: An Ant BuildException has occured: Execute failed: java.io.IOException: Cannot run program "cmake" (in directory "/home/hadoop/hadoop-2.2.0-src/hadoop-common-project/hadoop-common/target/native"): error=2, No such file or directory -&gt; [Help 1]
[ERROR]
[ERROR] To see the full stack trace of the errors, re-run Maven with the -e switch.
[ERROR] Re-run Maven using the -X switch to enable full debug logging.
[ERROR]
[ERROR] For more information about the errors and possible solutions, please read the following articles:
[ERROR] [Help 1] http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/MAVEN/MojoExecutionException
[ERROR]
[ERROR] After correcting the problems, you can resume the build with the command
[ERROR] mvn -rf :hadoop-common

解决办法:

apt-get install cmake

第4次编译:失败(未安装libglib2.0-dev)

错误信息:

[ERROR] Failed to execute goal org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-antrun-plugin:1.6:run (make) on project hadoop-common: An Ant BuildException has occured: exec returned: 1 -&gt; [Help 1]
[ERROR]
[ERROR] To see the full stack trace of the errors, re-run Maven with the -e switch.
[ERROR] Re-run Maven using the -X switch to enable full debug logging.
[ERROR]
[ERROR] For more information about the errors and possible solutions, please read the following articles:
[ERROR] [Help 1] http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/MAVEN/MojoExecutionException
[ERROR]
[ERROR] After correcting the problems, you can resume the build with the command
[ERROR] mvn -rf :hadoop-common

解决办法:

apt-get install libglib2.0-dev

第5次编译:失败(未安装libssl-dev)

错误信息:

[ERROR] Failed to execute goal org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-antrun-plugin:1.6:run (make) on project hadoop-pipes: An Ant BuildException has occured: exec returned: 1 -&gt; [Help 1]
[ERROR]
[ERROR] To see the full stack trace of the errors, re-run Maven with the -e switch.
[ERROR] Re-run Maven using the -X switch to enable full debug logging.
[ERROR]
[ERROR] For more information about the errors and possible solutions, please read the following articles:
[ERROR] [Help 1] http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/MAVEN/MojoExecutionException
[ERROR]
[ERROR] After correcting the problems, you can resume the build with the command
[ERROR] mvn -rf :hadoop-pipes

解决办法:

apt-get install libssl-dev

第6次编译:成功

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Reactor Summary:
[INFO]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Main ................................. SUCCESS [ 13.578 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Project POM .......................... SUCCESS [ 5.183 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Annotations .......................... SUCCESS [ 9.527 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Assemblies ........................... SUCCESS [ 1.268 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Project Dist POM ..................... SUCCESS [ 4.717 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Maven Plugins ........................ SUCCESS [ 9.966 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Auth ................................. SUCCESS [ 7.368 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Auth Examples ........................ SUCCESS [ 3.971 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Common ............................... SUCCESS [02:27 min]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop NFS .................................. SUCCESS [ 14.996 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Common Project ....................... SUCCESS [ 0.078 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop HDFS ................................. SUCCESS [02:32 min]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop HttpFS ............................... SUCCESS [ 30.260 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop HDFS BookKeeper Journal .............. SUCCESS [ 19.083 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop HDFS-NFS ............................. SUCCESS [ 8.313 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop HDFS Project ......................... SUCCESS [ 0.071 s]
[INFO] hadoop-yarn ........................................ SUCCESS [ 0.542 s]
[INFO] hadoop-yarn-api .................................... SUCCESS [01:07 min]
[INFO] hadoop-yarn-common ................................. SUCCESS [ 48.948 s]
[INFO] hadoop-yarn-server ................................. SUCCESS [ 0.314 s]
[INFO] hadoop-yarn-server-common .......................... SUCCESS [ 18.413 s]
[INFO] hadoop-yarn-server-nodemanager ..................... SUCCESS [ 23.891 s]
[INFO] hadoop-yarn-server-web-proxy ....................... SUCCESS [ 5.687 s]
[INFO] hadoop-yarn-server-resourcemanager ................. SUCCESS [ 24.345 s]
[INFO] hadoop-yarn-server-tests ........................... SUCCESS [ 0.721 s]
[INFO] hadoop-yarn-client ................................. SUCCESS [ 8.261 s]
[INFO] hadoop-yarn-applications ........................... SUCCESS [ 0.168 s]
[INFO] hadoop-yarn-applications-distributedshell .......... SUCCESS [ 6.632 s]
[INFO] hadoop-mapreduce-client ............................ SUCCESS [ 0.261 s]
[INFO] hadoop-mapreduce-client-core ....................... SUCCESS [ 40.147 s]
[INFO] hadoop-yarn-applications-unmanaged-am-launcher ..... SUCCESS [ 3.497 s]
[INFO] hadoop-yarn-site ................................... SUCCESS [ 0.164 s]
[INFO] hadoop-yarn-project ................................ SUCCESS [ 6.054 s]
[INFO] hadoop-mapreduce-client-common ..................... SUCCESS [ 29.892 s]
[INFO] hadoop-mapreduce-client-shuffle .................... SUCCESS [ 5.450 s]
[INFO] hadoop-mapreduce-client-app ........................ SUCCESS [ 18.558 s]
[INFO] hadoop-mapreduce-client-hs ......................... SUCCESS [ 9.045 s]
[INFO] hadoop-mapreduce-client-jobclient .................. SUCCESS [ 7.740 s]
[INFO] hadoop-mapreduce-client-hs-plugins ................. SUCCESS [ 2.819 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop MapReduce Examples ................... SUCCESS [ 12.523 s]
[INFO] hadoop-mapreduce ................................... SUCCESS [ 5.321 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop MapReduce Streaming .................. SUCCESS [ 8.999 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Distributed Copy ..................... SUCCESS [ 13.044 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Archives ............................. SUCCESS [ 3.739 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Rumen ................................ SUCCESS [ 11.307 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Gridmix .............................. SUCCESS [ 8.223 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Data Join ............................ SUCCESS [ 6.296 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Extras ............................... SUCCESS [ 6.341 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Pipes ................................ SUCCESS [ 14.662 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Tools Dist ........................... SUCCESS [ 2.694 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Tools ................................ SUCCESS [ 0.063 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Distribution ......................... SUCCESS [ 44.996 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Client ............................... SUCCESS [ 16.908 s]
[INFO] Apache Hadoop Mini-Cluster ......................... SUCCESS [ 5.014 s]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 15:23 min
[INFO] Finished at: 2014-10-04T14:54:28+08:00
[INFO] Final Memory: 69M/215M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

编译成果

编译生产的文件在`~/hadoop-2.2.0-src/hadoop-dist/target`目录中。

$ ls ~/hadoop-2.2.0-src/hadoop-dist/target
antrun hadoop-2.2.0 hadoop-dist-2.2.0-javadoc.jar test-dir
dist-layout-stitching.sh hadoop-2.2.0.tar.gz javadoc-bundle-options
dist-tar-stitching.sh hadoop-dist-2.2.0.jar maven-archiver

其中hadoop-2.2.0是编译后的文件夹,hadoop-2.2.0.tar.gz是编译后的打包文件。

验证

$ cd ~/hadoop-2.2.0-src/hadoop-dist/target/hadoop-2.2.0/lib/native/
$ file libhadoop.so.1.0.0
libhadoop.so.1.0.0: ELF 64-bit LSB shared object, x86-64, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, BuildID[sha1]=fb43b4ebd092ae8b4a427719b8907e6fdb223ed9, not stripped

可以看到,libhadoop.so.1.0.0已经是64位的了。

拷贝

将编译好的64位hadoop-2.2.0.tar.gz部署包,拷贝到当前用户目录。

cp ~/hadoop-2.2.0-src/hadoop-dist/target/hadoop-2.2.0.tar.gz ~

Ubuntu14.04下Hadoop2.4.1单机/伪分布式安装配置教程  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-02/113487.htm

CentOS安装和配置Hadoop2.2.0  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-01/94685.htm

Ubuntu 13.04上搭建Hadoop环境 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-06/86106.htm

Ubuntu 12.10 +Hadoop 1.2.1版本集群配置 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-09/90600.htm

Ubuntu上搭建Hadoop环境(单机模式+伪分布模式) http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-01/77681.htm

Ubuntu下Hadoop环境的配置 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-11/74539.htm

单机版搭建Hadoop环境图文教程详解 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-02/53927.htm

搭建Hadoop环境(在Winodws环境下用虚拟机虚拟两个Ubuntu系统进行搭建) http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2011-12/48894.htm

更多Hadoop相关信息见Hadoop 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=13

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-03/114626.htm

linux
相关资讯       Hadoop2.2.0 
本文评论   查看全部评论 (2)
表情: 表情 姓名: 字数

       

评论声明
  • 尊重网上道德,遵守中华人民共和国的各项有关法律法规
  • 承担一切因您的行为而直接或间接导致的民事或刑事法律责任
  • 本站管理人员有权保留或删除其管辖留言中的任意内容
  • 本站有权在网站内转载或引用您的评论
  • 参与本评论即表明您已经阅读并接受上述条款
第 2 楼
* 往事也加会员 发表于 2015/11/22 9:32:21
求指教如何解决此问题,十分感谢
[ERROR] Failed to execute goal org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-antrun-plugin:1.7:run (create-testdirs) on project hadoop-project: Error executing ant tasks: /usr/local/hadoop-2.6.0-src/hadoop-project/target/antrun/build-main.xml (No such file or directory) -> [Help 1]
第 1 楼
* 往事也加会员 发表于 2015/11/22 9:24:36
[ERROR] Failed to execute goal org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-antrun-plugin:1.7:run (create-testdirs) on project hadoop-project: Error executing ant tasks: /usr/local/hadoop-2.6.0-src/hadoop-project/target/antrun/build-main.xml (No such file or directory) -> [Help 1]
[ERROR]
[ERROR] To see the full stack trace of the errors, re-run Maven with the -e switch.
[ERROR] Re-run Maven using the -X switch to enable full debug logging.
[ERROR]
[ERROR] For more information about the errors and possible