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修改Oracle默认监听端口

[日期:2017-01-10] 来源:Linux社区  作者:hbxztc [字体: ]

我们都知道,Oracle的监听默认端口是1521,但是如果系统上1521已经被占用或业务要求不用默认端口,则需要修改监听的默认端口。
修改监听端口只需要修改配置文件listiner.ora,然后重启监听就行了。但是Oracle实例的PMON进程还是会去找监听1521端口的监听进程去注册,所以同时也需要修改数据库的配置。数据库里只需要在线修改LOCAL_LISTINER即可。
下面以11.2.0.4为例测试修改监听端口:
1、修改监听端口
#查看监听状态
[oracle@rhel6 ~]$ lsnrctl status
 
LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on 07-JAN-2017 20:16:24
 
Copyright (c) 1991, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=1521)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                    LISTENER
Version                  TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production
Start Date                07-JAN-2017 20:16:16
Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 0 min. 8 sec
Trace Level              off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File  /u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.4/db1/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File        /u02/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/rhel6/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=1521)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc)))
Services Summary...
Service "orcl" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "orcl", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully
#停止监听
[oracle@rhel6 ~]$ lsnrctl stop
 
LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on 07-JAN-2017 20:17:39
 
Copyright (c) 1991, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=1521)))
The command completed successfully
#修改配置文件listener.ora,改监听端口为2521
LISTENER=
  (DESCRIPTION=
    (ADDRESS_LIST=
      (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=2521))
      (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc))))
#启动监听
[oracle@rhel6 ~]$ lsnrctl start
 
LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on 07-JAN-2017 20:19:11
 
Copyright (c) 1991, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
Starting /u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.4/db1/bin/tnslsnr: please wait...
 
TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production
System parameter file is /u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.4/db1/network/admin/listener.ora
Log messages written to /u02/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/rhel6/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=2521)))
Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc)))
 
Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=2521)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                    LISTENER
Version                  TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production
Start Date                07-JAN-2017 20:19:11
Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 0 min. 0 sec
Trace Level              off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File  /u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.4/db1/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File        /u02/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/rhel6/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=2521)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc)))
The listener supports no services
The command completed successfully

至此,监听端口已经修改完毕,这时Oracle实例是无法注册到此监听上的。
2、修改LOCAL_LISTINER参数
#修改参数
sys@ORCL>alter system set local_listener="(address = (protocol = tcp)(host = rhel6)(port = 2521))";
 
System altered.
#查看监听状态
[oracle@rhel6 ~]$ lsnrctl status
 
LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on 07-JAN-2017 20:23:10
 
Copyright (c) 1991, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=2521)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                    LISTENER
Version                  TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production
Start Date                07-JAN-2017 20:19:11
Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 3 min. 59 sec
Trace Level              off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File  /u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.4/db1/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File        /u02/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/rhel6/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=2521)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc)))
Services Summary...
Service "orcl" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "orcl", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

修改完后,可以看到数据库实例立即注册到监听器上。
3、使用新端口进行测试连接
[c:\~]$ sqlplus zx/zx@192.168.56.2:2521/orcl
 
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.1.0 Production on 星期六 1月 7 20:24:17 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
连接到: 
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
 
SQL>

修改监听端口完成。
4、把Oracle实例的注册端口改回1521
sys@ORCL>alter system set local_listener='';
 
System altered.

官方文档中还提供了另一种配置LOCAL_LISTINER的方法:
在tnsnames.ora中添加配置,然后配置LOCAL_LISTINER为tnsnames.ora中的名字即可
#配置tnsnames.ora
[oracle@rhel6 admin]$ vi tnsnames.ora 
listener1=(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST =192.168.56.2 )(PORT = 2521))
#修改LOCAL_LISTINER参数
sys@ORCL>alter system set local_listener=listener1;
 
System altered.
#查看监听状态
[oracle@rhel6 ~]$ lsnrctl status
 
LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on 07-JAN-2017 20:34:01
 
Copyright (c) 1991, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=2521)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                    LISTENER
Version                  TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production
Start Date                07-JAN-2017 20:31:28
Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 2 min. 33 sec
Trace Level              off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File  /u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.4/db1/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File        /u02/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/rhel6/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=2521)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc)))
Services Summary...
Service "orcl" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "orcl", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

另外还可以使用静态监听的方法来修改监听的端口,但是Oracle实例不是“主动”注册到监听器上的。
sys@ORCL>show parameter local_listener
 
NAME                    TYPE                VALUE
------------------------------------ --------------------------------- ------------------------------
local_listener              string
#修改监听为静态监听
[oracle@rhel6 admin]$ vi listener.ora
LISTENER=
  (DESCRIPTION=
    (ADDRESS_LIST=
      (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=2521))
      (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc))))
SID_LIST_LISTENER=
  (SID_LIST=
    (SID_DESC=
      (GLOBAL_DBNAME=orcl)
      (ORACLE_HOME=/u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.4/db1)
      (SID_NAME=orcl))
#重启监听
[oracle@rhel6 ~]$ lsnrctl stop
 
LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on 07-JAN-2017 20:38:45
 
Copyright (c) 1991, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=2521)))
The command completed successfully
[oracle@rhel6 ~]$ lsnrctl start
 
LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on 07-JAN-2017 20:38:51
 
Copyright (c) 1991, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
Starting /u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.4/db1/bin/tnslsnr: please wait...
 
TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production
System parameter file is /u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.4/db1/network/admin/listener.ora
Log messages written to /u02/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/rhel6/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=2521)))
Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc)))
 
Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=2521)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                    LISTENER
Version                  TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production
Start Date                07-JAN-2017 20:38:52
Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 0 min. 0 sec
Trace Level              off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File  /u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.4/db1/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File        /u02/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/rhel6/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=2521)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=extproc)))
Services Summary...
Service "orcl" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "orcl", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

静态监听实例的状态为UNKNOWN,测试连接成功
[c:\~]$ sqlplus zx/zx@192.168.56.2:2521/orcl
 
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.1.0 Production on 星期六 1月 7 20:40:03 2017
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
连接到: 
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
 
SQL>

更多Oracle相关信息见Oracle 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=12

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