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Oracle 11g 静默安装-db_install.rsp详解

[日期:2017-01-16] 来源:Linux社区  作者:Linux [字体: ]

学习Oracle 11g静默安装文件配置和解释,大部分的数据是不需要变更的,变更你需要改动的地方,和OUI界面安装结合起来就容易理解了

附录A:db_install.rsp详解

####################################################################

## Copyright(c) Oracle Corporation1998,2008. All rights reserved.           ##

## Specify values for the variables listedbelow to customize your installation.   ##

## Each variable is associated with acomment. The comment                ##

## can help to populate the variables withthe appropriate values.               ##

## IMPORTANT NOTE: This file contains plaintext passwords and            ##

## should be secured to have readpermission only by oracle user               ##

## or db administrator who owns thisinstallation.                           ##

##对整个文件的说明,该文件包含参数说明,静默文件中密码信息的保密   ##

####################################################################

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Do not change the following system generatedvalue. 标注响应文件版本,这个版本必须和要#安装的数据库版本相同,安装检验无法通过,不能更改

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.responseFileVersion=/oracle/install/rspfmt_dbinstall_response_schema_v11_2_0

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the installation option.

# It can be one of the following:

# 1. INSTALL_DB_SWONLY

# 2. INSTALL_DB_AND_CONFIG

# 3. UPGRADE_DB

#选择安装类型:1.只装数据库软件 2.安装数据库软件并建库 3.升级数据库

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the hostname of the system as setduring the install. It can be used

# to force the installation to use analternative hostname rather than using the

# first hostname found on the system.(e.g., for systems with multiple hostnames

# and network interfaces)指定操作系统主机名,通过hostname命令获得

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ORACLE_HOSTNAME=ora11gr2

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the Unix group to be set for theinventory directory. 

#指定oracle inventory目录的所有者,通常会是oinstall或者dba

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the location which holds theinventory files.

#指定产品清单oracle inventory目录的路径,如果是Win平台下可以省略

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oracle/oraInventory

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the languages in which thecomponents will be installed. 

# en  : English                  ja  : Japanese                 

# fr  : French                  ko  : Korean                   

# ar  : Arabic                  es  : Latin American Spanish   

# bn  : Bengali                  lv  : Latvian                 

# pt_BR: Brazilian Portuguese      lt  : Lithuanian               

# bg  : Bulgarian                ms  : Malay                   

# fr_CA: Canadian French          es_MX: Mexican Spanish         

# ca  : Catalan                  no  : Norwegian               

# hr  : Croatian                  pl  : Polish                   

# cs  : Czech                    pt  : Portuguese               

# da  : Danish                  ro  : Romanian                 

# nl  : Dutch                    ru  : Russian                 

# ar_EG: Egyptian                zh_CN: Simplified Chinese       

# en_GB: English (Great Britain)     sk  :Slovak                   

# et  : Estonian                  sl  : Slovenian               

# fi  : Finnish                   es_ES: Spanish                 

# de  : German                  sv  : Swedish                   

# el  : Greek                    th  : Thai                     

# iw  : Hebrew                  zh_TW:Traditional Chinese     

# hu  : Hungarian                tr  : Turkish                 

# is  : Icelandic                  uk  : Ukrainian               

# in  : Indonesian               vi  :Vietnamese               

# it  : Italian                                                 

# Example : SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en,fr,ja

#指定数据库语言,可以选择多个,用逗号隔开。选择en, zh_CN(英文和简体中文)

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en,zh_CN

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the complete path of the OracleHome.设置ORALCE_HOME的路径

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the complete path of the OracleBase. 设置ORALCE_BASE的路径

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the installation edition of thecomponent.           

# The value should contain only one ofthese choices.       

# EE    : EnterpriseEdition                               

# SE    : Standard Edition                                 

# SEONE  Standard Edition One

# PE    : Personal Edition (WINDOWS ONLY)

#选择Oracle安装数据库软件的版本(企业版,标准版,标准版1),不同的版本功能不同

#详细的版本区别参考附录D

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# This variable is used to enable ordisable custom install.

# true : Components mentioned as part of 'customComponents' property

#are considered for install.

# false : Value for 'customComponents' isnot considered.

#是否自定义Oracle的组件,如果选择false,则会使用默认的组件

#如果选择true否则需要自己在下面一条参数将要安装的组件一一列出。

#安装相应版权后会安装所有的组件,后期如果缺乏某个组件,再次安装会非常的麻烦。

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.isCustomInstall=true

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# This variable is considered only if'IsCustomInstall' is set to true.

# Description: List of Enterprise EditionOptions you would like to install.

#              The following choices areavailable. You may specify any

#              combination of thesechoices.  The components you chooseshould

#              be specified in the form"internal-component-name:version"

#              Below is a list of components youmay specify to install.

#              oracle.rdbms.partitioning:11.2.0.1.0- Oracle Partitioning

#              oracle.rdbms.dm:11.2.0.1.0- Oracle Data Mining

#              oracle.rdbms.dv:11.2.0.1.0- Oracle Database Vault

#              oracle.rdbms.lbac:11.2.0.1.0- Oracle Label Security

#              oracle.rdbms.rat:11.2.0.1.0- Oracle Real Application Testing

#              oracle.oraolap:11.2.0.1.0- Oracle OLAP

oracle.install.db.isCustomInstall=true的话必须手工选择需要安装组件的话

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.customComponents=oracle.server:11.2.0.1.0,oracle.sysman.ccr:10.2.7.0.0,oracle.xdk:11.2.0.1.0,oracle.rdbms.oci:11.2.0.1.0,oracle.network:11.2.0.1.0,oracle.network.listener:11.2.0.1.0,oracle.rdbms:11.2.0.1.0,oracle.options:11.2.0.1.0,oracle.rdbms.partitioning:11.2.0.1.0,oracle.oraolap:11.2.0.1.0,oracle.rdbms.dm:11.2.0.1.0,oracle.rdbms.dv:11.2.0.1.0,orcle.rdbms.lbac:11.2.0.1.0,oracle.rdbms.rat:11.2.0.1.0

###############################################################################

# PRIVILEGED OPERATING SYSTEM GROUPS                                         

# Provide values for the OS groups to whichOSDBA and OSOPER privileges      #

# needs to be granted. If the install isbeing performed as a member of the          #

# group "dba", then that will beused unless specified otherwise below.              #

#指定拥有OSDBAOSOPER权限的用户组,通常会是dba

###############################################################################

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# The DBA_GROUP is the OS group which is tobe granted OSDBA privileges.

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.DBA_GROUP=dba

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# The OPER_GROUP is the OS group which isto be granted OSOPER privileges.

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.OPER_GROUP=oinstall

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the cluster node names selectedduring the installation.

#如果是RAC的安装,在这里指定所有的节点

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.CLUSTER_NODES=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the type of database to create.

# It can be one of the following:

# - GENERAL_PURPOSE/TRANSACTION_PROCESSING         

# - DATA_WAREHOUSE                               

#选择数据库的用途,一般用途/事物处理,数据仓库

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.type=GENERAL_PURPOSE

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the Starter Database GlobalDatabase Name. 指定GlobalName

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.globalDBName=ora11g

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the Starter Database SID.指定SID

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.SID=ora11g

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the Starter Database characterset.

# It can be one of the following:

# AL32UTF8, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252,EE8ISO8859P2,

# EE8MSWIN1250, NE8ISO8859P10,NEE8ISO8859P4, BLT8MSWIN1257,

# BLT8ISO8859P13, CL8ISO8859P5,CL8MSWIN1251, AR8ISO8859P6,

# AR8MSWIN1256, EL8ISO8859P7, EL8MSWIN1253,IW8ISO8859P8,

# IW8MSWIN1255, JA16EUC, JA16EUCTILDE,JA16SJIS, JA16SJISTILDE,

# KO16MSWIN949, ZHS16GBK, TH8TISASCII,ZHT32EUC, ZHT16MSWIN950,

# ZHT16HKSCS, WE8ISO8859P9, TR8MSWIN1254,VN8MSWIN1258

#选择字符集。不正确的字符集会给数据显示和存储带来麻烦无数。

#通常中文选择的有ZHS16GBK简体中文库,建议选择unicodeAL32UTF8国际字符集

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.characterSet=AL32UTF8

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# This variable should be set to true ifAutomatic Memory Management

# in Database is desired.

# If Automatic Memory Management is notdesired, and memory allocation

# is to be done manually, then set it tofalse.

#11g的新特性自动内存管理,也就是SGA_TARGETPAG_AGGREGATE_TARGET#不用设置了,Oracle会自动调配两部分大小

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.memoryOption=true

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the total memory allocation forthe database. Value(in MB) should be

# at least 256 MB, and should not exceedthe total physical memory available on the system.

# Example:oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.memoryLimit=512

#指定Oracle自动管理内存的大小,最小是256MB

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.memoryLimit=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# This variable controls whether to loadExample Schemas onto the starter

# database or not.是否载入模板示例

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.installExampleSchemas=false

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# This variable includes enabling auditsettings, configuring password profiles

# and revoking some grants to public. Thesesettings are provided by default.

# These settings may also be disabled.   是否启用安全设置

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.enableSecuritySettings=true

###############################################################################

# Passwords can be supplied for thefollowing four schemas in the                       #

# starter database:                                                               #

#  SYS                                                                     #

#  SYSTEM                                                                  #

#  SYSMAN (used by Enterprise Manager)                                         #

#  DBSNMP (used by Enterprise Manager)                                         #

# Same password can be used for allaccounts (not recommended)                         #

# or different passwords for each accountcan be provided (recommended)                  #

#设置数据库用户密码

###############################################################################

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# This variable holds the password that isto be used for all schemas in the

# starter database.

#设定所有数据库用户使用同一个密码,其它数据库用户就不用单独设置了。

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.ALL=oracle

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the SYS password for the starterdatabase.

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.SYS=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the SYSTEM password for thestarter database.

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.SYSTEM=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the SYSMAN password for thestarter database.

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.SYSMAN=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the DBSNMP password for thestarter database.

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.DBSNMP=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the management option to beselected for the starter database.

# It can be one of the following:

# 1. GRID_CONTROL

# 2. DB_CONTROL

#数据库本地管理工具DB_CONTROL,远程集中管理工具GRID_CONTROL

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.control=DB_CONTROL

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the Management Service to use ifGrid Control is selected to manage

# the database. GRID_CONTROL需要设定grid control的远程路径URL

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.gridcontrol.gridControlServiceURL=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# This variable indicates whether toreceive email notification for critical

# alerts when using DB control.是否启用Email通知启用后会将告警等信息发送到指定邮箱

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.dbcontrol.enableEmailNotification=false

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the email address to which thenotifications are to be sent.设置通知EMAIL地址

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.dbcontrol.emailAddress=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the SMTP server used for emailnotifications.设置EMAIL邮件服务器

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.dbcontrol.SMTPServer=

###############################################################################

# SPECIFY BACKUP AND RECOVERY OPTIONS                                      #

# Out-of-box backup and recovery optionsfor the database can be mentioned                #

# using the entries below.                                                        #

#安全及恢复设置(默认值即可)out-of-boxout-of-box experience)缩写为OOBE

#产品给用产品给用户良好第一印象和使用感受

###############################################################################

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# This variable is to be set to false ifautomated backup is not required. Else

# this can be set to true.设置自动备份,和OUI里的自动备份一样。

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.automatedBackup.enable=false

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Regardless of the type of storage that ischosen for backup and recovery, if

# automated backups are enabled, a job willbe scheduled to run daily at

# 2:00 AM to backup the database. This jobwill run as the operating system

# user that is specified in this variable.自动备份会启动一个job,指定启动JOB的系统用户ID

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.automatedBackup.osuid=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Regardless of the type of storage that ischosen for backup and recovery, if

# automated backups are enabled, a job willbe scheduled to run daily at

# 2:00 AM to backup the database. This jobwill run as the operating system user

# specified by the above entry. Thefollowing entry stores the password for the

# above operating system user.自动备份会开启一个job,需要指定OSUSEr的密码

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.automatedBackup.ospwd=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the type of storage to use forthe database.

# It can be one of the following:

# - FILE_SYSTEM_STORAGE

# - ASM_STORAGE

#自动备份,要求指定使用的文件系统存放数据库文件还是ASM

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.storageType=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the database file location whichis a directory for datafiles, control

# files, redo logs.       

# Applicable only when oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.storage=FILE_SYSTEM

#使用文件系统存放数据库文件才需要指定数据文件、控制文件、Redo log的存放目录

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.fileSystemStorage.dataLocation=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the backup and recovery location.

# Applicable only whenoracle.install.db.config.starterdb.storage=FILE_SYSTEM

#使用文件系统存放数据库文件才需要指定备份恢复目录

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.fileSystemStorage.recoveryLocation=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the existing ASM disk groups tobe used for storage.

# Applicable only whenoracle.install.db.config.starterdb.storage=ASM

#使用ASM存放数据库文件才需要指定存放的磁盘组

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.asm.diskGroup=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the password for ASMSNMP user ofthe ASM instance.                 

# Applicable only whenoracle.install.db.config.starterdb.storage=ASM_SYSTEM

#使用ASM存放数据库文件才需要指定ASM实例密码

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

oracle.install.db.config.asm.ASMSNMPPassword=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the My Oracle Support AccountUsername.

# Example  :MYORACLESUPPORT_USERNAME=metalink

#指定metalink账户用户名

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MYORACLESUPPORT_USERNAME=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the My Oracle Support AccountUsername password.

# Example   : MYORACLESUPPORT_PASSWORD=password

指定metalink账户密码

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MYORACLESUPPORT_PASSWORD=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify whether to enable the user to setthe password for

# My Oracle Support credentials. The valuecan be either true or false.

# If left blank it will be assumed to befalse.

# Example   : SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT=true

用户是否可以设置metalink密码

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify whether user wants to give anyproxy details for connection.

# The value can be either true or false. Ifleft blank it will be assumed to be false.

# Example   : DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=false

False表示不需要设置安全更新,注意,在11.2的静默安装中疑似有一个BUG

Response File中必须指定为true,否则会提示错误,不管是否正确填写了邮件地址

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=true

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the Proxy server name. Lengthshould be greater than zero.

#代理服务器名

# Example   : PROXY_HOST=proxy.domain.com

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PROXY_HOST=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the proxy port number. Should beNumeric and atleast 2 chars.

#代理服务器端口

# Example   : PROXY_PORT=25

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PROXY_PORT=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the proxy user name. LeavePROXY_USER and PROXY_PWD

# blank if your proxy server requires noauthentication.

#代理服务器用户名

# Example   : PROXY_USER=username

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PROXY_USER=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Specify the proxy password. LeavePROXY_USER and PROXY_PWD 

# blank if your proxy server requires noauthentication.

#代理服务器密码

# Example   : PROXY_PWD=password

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PROXY_PWD=

更多Oracle相关信息见Oracle 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=12

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-01/139611.htm

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