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CentOS 6.8下Nginx1.10 编译安装

[日期:2017-01-21] 来源:CSDN  作者:mingjie1212 [字体: ]

安装环境

  • 系统:CentOS 6.8
  • 软件:Nginx1.10.2
  • 依赖软件:Pcre、Zlib、Openssl

安装前准备

安装编译环境
yum -y install wget
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake make
yum -y install zlib zlib-devel openssl openssl-devel
yum -y install patch

下载软件包和依赖软件包
Nginx http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.10.2.tar.gz
Pcre ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.38.tar.gz
Zlib http://zlib.net/zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz
Openssl https://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.2h.tar.gz

nginx第三方模块—nginx-sticky-module的使用(基于cookie的会话保持)https://bitbucket.org/nginx-goodies/nginx-sticky-module-ng/get/master.tar.gz

使用wget下载到/tmp下

安装

将nginx安装到/usr/local/目录下

解压

tar -zvxf nginx-1.10.2.tar.gz
tar -zxvf pcre-8.38.tar.gz
tar -zxvf nginx-goodies-nginx-sticky-module-ng-08a395c66e42.tar.gz
tar -zxvf openssl-1.0.2h.tar.gz
tar -zxvf zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz

编译 pcre 可忽略

cd pcre-8.38
./configure --enable-utf8
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/pcre --enable-utf8
make
make install

编译安装zlib 可忽略

cd zlib-1.2.8
./configure
make
make install

重命名nginx-sticky-module

mv nginx-goodies-nginx-sticky-module-ng-08a395c66e42 nginx-sticky-module

创建nginx用户和组

groupadd -r nginx
useradd -s /sbin/nologin -g nginx -r nginx

configure配置

./configure --user=nginx  --group=nginx --prefix=/usr/local/nginx  --pid-path=/user/local/nginx/nginx.pid --error-log-path=/usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log --http-log-path=/usr/local/nginx/logs/access.log --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_realip_module --with-stream --add-module=/tmp/nginx-sticky-module --http-client-body-temp-path=/usr/local/nginx/tmp/client/ --http-proxy-temp-path=/usr/local/nginx/tmp/proxy/  --with-pcre=/tmp/pcre-8.38 --with-zlib=/tmp/zlib-1.2.8 --with-openssl=/tmp/openssl-1.0.2h

编译安装
make
make install

验证nginx

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -V

nginx version: nginx/1.10.2
built by gcc 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-17) (GCC)
built with OpenSSL 1.0.2h  3 May 2016
TLS SNI support enabled
configure arguments: --user=nginx --group=nginx --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --pid-path=/user/local/nginx/nginx.pid --error-log-path=/usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log --http-log-path=/usr/local/nginx/logs/access.log --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-stream --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_realip_module --add-module=/usr/local/nginx-sticky-module --with-pcre=/tmp/pcre-8.38 --with-zlib=/tmp/zlib-1.2.8 --with-openssl=/tmp/openssl-1.0.2h

访问nginx
http://ip:80
记得防火墙开启80端口。
��到 Welcome to nginx!

安装完成之后的配置

启动脚本
将启动脚本放入/etc/init.d/ 并给予执行权限

nginx

vi /etc/init.d/nginx

#!/bin/sh
#
# nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemin
#
# chkconfig:   - 85 15 
# description:  Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
#               proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
# processname: nginx
# config:      /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
# pidfile:     /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network

# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0

nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
prog=$(basename $nginx)

NGINX_CONF_FILE="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx

start() {
    [ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
    [ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
    echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
    daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
    return $retval
}

stop() {
    echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
    killproc $prog -QUIT
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
    return $retval
}

restart() {
    configtest || return $?
    stop
    start
}

reload() {
    configtest || return $?
    echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
    killproc $nginx -HUP
    RETVAL=$?
    echo
}

force_reload() {
    restart
}

configtest() {
  $nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}

rh_status() {
    status $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
    rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
    start)
        rh_status_q && exit 0
        $1
        ;;
    stop)
        rh_status_q || exit 0
        $1
        ;;
    restart|configtest)
        $1
        ;;
    reload)
        rh_status_q || exit 7
        $1
        ;;
    force-reload)
        force_reload
        ;;
    status)
        rh_status
        ;;
    condrestart|try-restart)
        rh_status_q || exit 0
            ;;
    *)
        echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"
        exit 2
esac

添加执行权限

chmod u+x /etc/init.d/nginx

#至此我们可以使用
service nginx start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest 

开机自启动

chkconfig nginx on
chkconfig --list #查看是否开启

重启验证。

到此,Nginx的编译安装过程书写完毕。接下来会对Nginx的具体使用nginx.conf配置文件进行详细的梳理和开发生产中的使用记录。

CentOS 7.2下编译安装PHP7.0.10+MySQL5.7.14+Nginx1.10.1  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-09/134804.htm

搭建基于Linux6.3+Nginx1.2+PHP5+MySQL5.5的Web服务器全过程 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-09/89692.htm

CentOS 6.3下Nginx性能调优 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-09/89656.htm

CentOS 6.3下配置Nginx加载ngx_pagespeed模块 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-09/89657.htm

CentOS 6.4安装配置Nginx+Pcre+php-fpm http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-08/88984.htm

Nginx安装配置使用详细笔记 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-07/104499.htm

Nginx日志过滤 使用ngx_log_if不记录特定日志 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-07/104686.htm

Nginx的500,502,504错误解决方法 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-03/115507.htm

Nginx 的详细介绍请点这里
Nginx 的下载地址请点这里

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-01/139792.htm

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