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Linux下编译安装MariaDB10.0.12

[日期:2017-02-24] 来源:Linux社区  作者:lee90 [字体: ]

虽然网上有很多Linux下的LNMP一键安装包,可以直接安装集成环境。但是有时候我们需要单独的安装mariadb,则可以使用下面的脚本来安装。

# 一键CMAKE编译安装mariadb-10.0.12
# 安装到/usr/local/mariadb
# 数据目录为/data/mysql
# my.cnf文件是我自己修改的

一键安装包的文件目录结构如下:

我们只要自己将下面的文件组合成上图的结构,执行sh install.sh脚本即可完成安装。

install.sh脚本内容如下:

#!/bin/bash

# Date: 2016/08/03

# Author: Lee

# 一键CMAKE编译安装mariadb-10.0.12

# 安装到/usr/local/mariadb

# 数据目录为/data/mysql

# my.cnf文件是我自己修改的

echo -e "\033[32m即将安装MariaDB到 /usr/local \033[0m"

echo -e "\033[32m数据目录为/data/mysql,请确保有足够的空间存放数据\033[0m"

echo -e "\033[31m你有10秒钟的时间取消该操作(按ctrl+c取消)\033[0m"

echo

sleep 10

if [ ! -f src/mariadb-10.0.12.tar.gz ];then

echo -e "\033[31m不存在mariadb-10.0.12包.Quit\033[0m"

exit

fi

tar xf src/mariadb-10.0.12.tar.gz -C src/

cd src/mariadb-10.0.12

cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mariadb \

-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc \

-DWITH_ARIA_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITH_XTRADB_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all \

-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \

-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \

-DWITH_READLINE=1 \

-DWITH_SSL=bundled \

-DWITH_ZLIB=system \

-DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=1 \

-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1

make && make install

groupadd mariadb

useradd -r -s /sbin/nologin -g mariadb mariadb

chown mariadb.mariadb /usr/local/mariadb -R

cp /usr/local/mariadb/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mariadb

chmod +x /etc/init.d/mariadb

\cp ../../my.cnf /etc/my.cnf

mkdir /data/mysql -p

chown mariadb.mariadb /data/mysql -R

/usr/local/mariadb/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mariadb --basedir=/usr/local/mariadb --datadir=/data/mysql

/etc/init.d/mariadb start

if ss -lnt|grep 3306 --color=auto ;then

echo -e "\033[32mMariaDB已启动.\n默认server-id为1. \033[0m"

echo -e "\033[31m在主从或主主复制环境下请修改server-id并重启MariaDB!!\033[0m"

fi

优化后的my.cnf配置文件:

[client]

user = root

#password  = your_password

port        = 3306

socket      = /tmp/mysql.sock

[mysql]

default_character_set = utf8

prompt = [\d] >

[mysqld]

####basic####

user = mariadb

port  = 3306

socket  = /tmp/mysql.sock

datadir = /data/mysql/

basedir = /usr/local/mariadb/

pid_file = /var/run/mysql.pid

default_storage_engine = InnoDB

# others setting

skip_name_resolve = ON

skip_external_locking

character-set-server = utf8

# Timeout

connect_timeout = 20

wait_timeout = 14400

interactive_timeout = 14400

back_log = 500

myisam_recover

event_scheduler = ON

# Query Cache Setting

query_cache_type = OFF

query_cache_size = 0

# LOG Settings

server-id = 1

log-bin = mysql.bin

binlog_format = mixed

max_binlog_size = 1G

expire_logs_days = 10

binlog_cache_size = 8M

slow_query_log = ON

slow_query_log_file = /data/mysql/localhost_slow.log

long_query_time = 5

log_error = /data/mysql/localhost.error

log_warnings = 2

tmp_table_size = 32M

max_heap_table_size = 32M

max_connections = 1000

max_allowed_packet = 50M

thread_cache_size = 300

open_files_limit = 65535

# 可以设置的比Open_tables大一倍

table_open_cache = 4096

# InnoDB Optimize

innodb_file_per_table = ON

innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1

innodb_log_buffer_size = 32M

# innodb_buffer_pool_size官方建议设置为内存大小的50%~80%

innodb_buffer_pool_size = 4G

# 事务日志文件的大小

innodb_log_file_size = 512M

# Innodb共享表空间的大小

innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:1G:autoextend:max:2G

innodb_buffer_pool_instances = 8

innodb_write_io_threads = 8

innodb_read_io_threads = 8

innodb_buffer_pool_dump_at_shutdown = ON

innodb_buffer_pool_load_at_startup = ON

[mysqldump]

quick

max_allowed_packet = 48M

[mysql]

no-auto-rehash

# Remove the next comment character if you are not familiar with SQL

#safe-updates

[myisamchk]

key_buffer_size = 256M

sort_buffer_size = 256M

read_buffer = 2M

write_buffer = 2M

[mysqlhotcopy]

interactive-timeout

Ubuntu 16.04 LTS 上安装 Nginx、MariaDB 和 HHVM 运行 WordPress  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-10/136435.htm

Ubuntu 16.04 Dockerfile 安装MariaDB  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-09/135260.htm

Linux系统教程:如何检查MariaDB服务端版本  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-08/122382.htm

MariaDB Proxy读写分离的实现 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-05/101306.htm

Linux下编译安装配置MariaDB数据库的方法 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-11/109049.htm

CentOS系统使用yum安装MariaDB数据库 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-11/109048.htm

二进制安装MariaDB 5.5.36 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-02/140233.htm

Ubuntu 上如何将 MySQL 5.5 数据库迁移到 MariaDB 10  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-11/109471.htm

[翻译]Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty) Server 安装 MariaDB  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-12/110048htm

Ubuntu 14.04(Trusty)安装MariaDB 10数据库  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-11/136833.htm

MariaDB 的详细介绍请点这里
MariaDB 的下载地址请点这里

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-02/141027.htm

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