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Linux下源码编译安装Ansible及排错记录

[日期:2017-03-06] 来源:Linux社区  作者:xiaoxiaozhou [字体: ]

1、测试环境描述

系统 SUSE 11 sp2

因为是生产环境无法访问外网,所以搭建环境都是离线环境下源码安装的。

软件包:

Python-2.7.11.tar.xz

setuptools-7.0.tar.gz

pycrypto-2.6.1.tar.gz

yaml-0.1.4.tar.gz

PyYAML-3.11.tar.gz

MarkupSafe-0.9.3.tar.gz

Jinja2-2.7.3.tar.gz

ecdsa-0.11.tar.gz

paramiko-1.15.1.tar.gz

simplejson-3.6.5.tar.gz

ansible-1.7.2.tar.gz

如果顺利的话一次编译上边的源码包就可以完成环境的搭建,但是我的环境中在刚开始编译python的时候就出现了问题

2、问题描述及解决过程

ansible需要python的支持,我们的环境中都是python2.6的,网上看好多文章都说到使用python2.7版本会比较好,在之后依赖性的问题会比较少,说做就做,结果在编译python的过程中折腾了老半天,下面详细记录遇到的问题。

环境原本的python环境

server:/ansibletest # python

Python 2.6 (r26:66714, May  6 2011, 15:10:21)

[GCC 4.3.4 [gcc-4_3-branch revision 152973]] on linux2

Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.

>>>

备份python脚本

server:/ansibletest # mv /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/python.bak

server:/ansibletest # xz -d Python-2.7.11.tar.xz

(如果环境中没有xz命令说明还需要编译xz工具)

server:/ansibletest # tar -xf Python-2.7.11.tar

server:/ansibletest # mkdir src

server:/ansibletest/Python-2.7.11 # ./configure --prefix=/ansibletest/src/python27

server:/ansibletest/Python-2.7.11 # make

make出错

linux-3qo7:/ansibletest/Python-2.7.11 # make

Failed to build these modules:

_curses            _curses_panel      _hashlib

_ssl

出现上边的错误如果不解决的话之后在编译ecdsa-0.11.tar.gz 的时候就会出现下面的错误

ERROR:root:code for hash md5 was not found.

Traceback (most recent call last):

File "/ansibletest/usr/local/python27/lib/python2.7/hashlib.py", line 147, in <module>

globals()[__func_name] = __get_hash(__func_name)

File "/ansibletest/usr/local/python27/lib/python2.7/hashlib.py", line 97, in __get_builtin_constructor

raise ValueError('unsupported hash type ' + name)

ValueError: unsupported hash type md5

ERROR:root:code for hash sha1 was not found.

Traceback (most recent call last):

File "/ansibletest/usr/local/python27/lib/python2.7/hashlib.py", line 147, in <module>

globals()[__func_name] = __get_hash(__func_name)

File "/ansibletest/usr/local/python27/lib/python2.7/hashlib.py", line 97, in __get_builtin_constructor

raise ValueError('unsupported hash type ' + name)

ValueError: unsupported hash type sha1

ERROR:root:code for hash sha224 was not found.

.......略过信息

ValueError: unsupported hash type sha512

Traceback (most recent call last):

File "setup.py", line 5, in <module>

from ecdsa.six import print_

File "/ansibletest/ecdsa-0.11/ecdsa/__init__.py", line 3, in <module>

from .keys import SigningKey, VerifyingKey, BadSignatureError, BadDigestError

File "/ansibletest/ecdsa-0.11/ecdsa/keys.py", line 5, in <module>

from . import rfc6979

File "/ansibletest/ecdsa-0.11/ecdsa/rfc6979.py", line 14, in <module>

from .util import number_to_string, number_to_string_crop

File "/ansibletest/ecdsa-0.11/ecdsa/util.py", line 6, in <module>

from hashlib import sha256

ImportError: cannot import name sha256

经过网上的查找,定位到缺少_curses和_curses_panel是因为缺少ncurses-devel的包,而缺少_hashlib 和_ssl我则参考下面链接里的文章 。

http://blog.csdn.net/chary8088/article/details/22891357

处理过程:

根据我的另一篇文章你可以在本地windows系统搭建一个yum源

链接:http://xiaoxiaozhou.blog.51cto.com/4681537/1888713

环境基础安装组件:

rpm -qa | grep ncurses

libncurses5-32bit-5.6-90.55

libncurses5-5.6-90.55

yast2-ncurses-2.17.20-0.5.103

libncurses6-5.6-90.55

ncurses-utils-5.6-90.55

yast2-ncurses-pkg-2.17.19-0.5.100

安装ncurses-devel

# zypper install ncurses-devel

Loading repository data...

Reading installed packages...

Resolving package dependencies...

The following NEW packages are going to be installed:

ncurses-devel tack

2 new packages to install.

Overall download size: 3.2 MiB. After the operation, additional 22.7 MiB will be used.

Continue? [y/n/?] (y): y

Retrieving package tack-5.6-90.55.x86_64 (1/2), 79.0 KiB (170.0 KiB unpacked)

Retrieving: tack-5.6-90.55.x86_64.rpm [done]

Retrieving package ncurses-devel-5.6-90.55.x86_64 (2/2), 3.1 MiB (22.5 MiB unpacked)

Retrieving: ncurses-devel-5.6-90.55.x86_64.rpm [done]

Installing: tack-5.6-90.55 [done]

Installing: ncurses-devel-5.6-90.55 [done]

编译openssl-1.0.1h.tar.gz

解压

server:/ansibletest # tar -zxf openssl-1.0.1h.tar.gz

编译

server:/ansibletest/openssl-1.0.1h # ./config --prefix=/ansibletest/usr/local/openssl

server:/ansibletest/openssl-1.0.1h # make && make install

server:/ansibletest # mkdir -p usr/local

server:/ansibletest/usr/local # ln -s openssl ssl

server:/ansibletest/usr/local # ln -s openssl /usr/local/ssl

server:/ansibletest/usr/local # vi /etc/ld.so.conf

/home/was_wcm/ansible/usr/local/openssl/lib

server:/ansibletest/usr/local # ldconfig

server:/ansibletest/usr/local # vi /etc/profile

export OPENSSL=/home/was_wcm/ansible/usr/local/openssl/bin

export PATH=$OPENSSL:$PATH:$HOME/bin

server:/ansibletest/usr/local # source /etc/profile

server:/ansibletest/usr/local # ldd /home/was_wcm/ansible/usr/local/openssl/bin/openssl

linux-vdso.so.1 =>  (0x00007fff5f6ed000)

libssl.so.1.0.0 => /home/was_wcm/ansible/usr/local/openssl/lib/libssl.so.1.0.0 (0x00007fa9d7179000)

libcrypto.so.1.0.0 => /home/was_wcm/ansible/usr/local/openssl/lib/libcrypto.so.1.0.0 (0x00007fa9d6d9f000)

libdl.so.2 => /lib64/libdl.so.2 (0x00007fa9d6b6a000)

libc.so.6 => /lib64/libc.so.6 (0x00007fa9d67f6000)

/lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2 (0x00007fa9d73e6000)

再次编译python

server:/ansibletest/Python-2.7.11 # make

Python build finished, but the necessary bits to build these modules were not found:

_bsddb            _sqlite3          _ssl

_tkinter          bsddb185          bz2

dbm                dl                gdbm

imageop            readline          sunaudiodev

To find the necessary bits, look in setup.py in detect_modules() for the module's name.

running build_scripts

server:/ansibletest/Python-2.7.11 # make install

server:/ansibletest/Python-2.7.11 # ln -s /ansibletest/src/python27/bin/python /usr/bin/python

server:/ansibletest/Python-2.7.11 # python

Python 2.7.11 (default, Oct 12 2016, 17:03:57)

[GCC 4.3.4 [gcc-4_3-branch revision 152973]] on linux2

Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.

Traceback (most recent call last):

File "/etc/pythonstart", line 7, in <module>

import readline

ImportError: No module named readline

>>>

(缺少readline模块的问题姑且不论,因为对于ansible的环境来说无关紧要)

因为编译ansible需要很多依赖环境,依赖环境的编译还有着一定的先后顺序,因为它们之间也存在依赖关系,下面开始编译环境。

3、开始编译安装ansible环境

编译setuptools

server:/ansibletest # tar zxf setuptools-7.0.tar.gz

server:/ansibletest # cd setuptools-7.0/

server:/ansibletest/setuptools-7.0 # python setup.py install

编译pycrypto

server:/ansibletest # tar zxf pycrypto-2.6.1.tar.gz

server:/ansibletest # cd pycrypto-2.6.1/

server:/ansibletest/pycrypto-2.6.1 # python setup.py install

编译yaml

server:/ansibletest # tar zxf yaml-0.1.4.tar.gz

server:/ansibletest # cd yaml-0.1.4/

server:/ansibletest/yaml-0.1.4 # ./configure --prefix=/ansibletest/usr/local/yaml

server:/ansibletest/yaml-0.1.4 # make

server:/ansibletest/yaml-0.1.4 # make install

编译PyYAML

server:/ansibletest # tar zxf PyYAML-3.11.tar.gz

server:/ansibletest # cd PyYAML-3.11/

server:/ansibletest/PyYAML-3.11 # python setup.py install

编译MarkupSafe

server:/ansibletest # tar zxf MarkupSafe-0.9.3.tar.gz

server:/ansibletest # cd MarkupSafe-0.9.3/

server:/ansibletest/MarkupSafe-0.9.3 # python setup.py install

编译Jinja2

server:/ansibletest # tar zxf Jinja2-2.7.3.tar.gz

server:/ansibletest # cd Jinja2-2.7.3/

server:/ansibletest/Jinja2-2.7.3 # python setup.py install

编译ecdsa

server:/ansibletest # tar zxf ecdsa-0.11.tar.gz

server:/ansibletest # cd ecdsa-0.11/

server:/ansibletest/ecdsa-0.11 # python setup.py install

server:/ansibletest/Python-2.7.11 # make

编译paramiko

server:/ansibletest # tar xvzf paramiko-1.15.1.tar.gz

server:/ansibletest # cd paramiko-1.15.1

server:/ansibletest # pythonsetup.py install

编译simplejson

server:/ansibletest # tar xvzf simplejson-3.6.5.tar.gz

server:/ansibletest # cdsimplejson-3.6.5

server:/ansibletest # pythonsetup.py install

编译ansible

server:/ansibletest # tar xvzf ansible-1.7.2.tar.gz

server:/ansibletest # cd ansible-1.7.2/

server:/ansibletest/ansible-1.7.2 # python setup.py install

至此一个完整的ansible服务端算是配置完成

一个小小的验证

配置客户端IP

server:~ # cat /etc/ansible/hosts

[slave]

192.168.1.101

server:/ansibletest/ansible-1.7.2 # ./bin/ansible all -m ping --ask-pass

SSH password:

paramiko: The authenticity of host '192.168.1.101' can't be established.

The ssh-rsa key fingerprint is 21e1cca2719628f4859afa0b1ea805ee.

Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)?

(all是对所有分组的进行批处理)

下面关于Ansible的文章您也可能喜欢,不妨参考下:

使用Ansible批量管���远程服务器  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-05/118080.htm

Ansible安装配置与简单使用  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-07/120399.htm

CentOS 7 中安装并使用自动化工具 Ansible  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-10/123801.htm

Ansible和Docker的作用和用法  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-11/109783.htm

CentOS 7上搭建Jenkins+Ansible服务  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-12/138737.htm

Ansible批量搭建LAMP环境 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-10/108264.htm

Ansible :一个配置管理和IT自动化工具  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-11/109365.htm

Ansible基础—安装与常用模块  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-02/140216.htm

自动化运维工具之 Ansible 介绍及安装使用  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-12/138104.htm

Ansible入门notify和handlers  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-02/140871.htm

CentOS 6.5安装自动化工具Ansible和图形化工具Tower  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-03/141422.htm

Ansible 的详细介绍请点这里
Ansible 的下载地址请点这里

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-03/141427.htm

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