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通过udev创建ASM共享磁盘(RAC)

[日期:2017-03-08] 来源:Linux社区  作者:j-notes [字体: ]

OS:RedHat EL6.0

Oracle:   Oracle 11gR2

在Oracle 11gR2,构建RAC时可以通过ASM创建asm disk,但是需要安装asmlib相关软件;对于RedHat EL6.0,Oracle的asm不能很好的支持,所以可以通过udev来创建asm disk,就不需要安装asmlib相关软件

一、查看系统环境

内核版本:

[root@rac01 rules.d]# uname -a

Linux rac01 2.6.32-642.6.2.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Wed Oct 26 06:52:09 UTC 2016 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

系统用户:

[root@rac01 rules.d]# id grid

uid=1100(grid) gid=1000(oinstall) groups=1000(oinstall),1300(dba),1200(asmadmin),1201(asmdba),1202(asmoper)

二、创建共享磁盘

Windows server 2012R2 服务器上启用iSCSI服务,并新建iSCSI共享磁盘

 

选择有足够容量的卷

   

给虚拟磁盘命名并划分大小,然后配置iSCSI目标

 

命名访问目标,添加访问程序,选择"IP地址类型",输入RAC 节点IP(将两个节点的IP都添加上)

   

继续下一步,不启用验证服务,确认创建,创建完成后会在管理页面显示出已经创建好的共享磁盘

   

三、配置共享存储

在节点1和节点2上分别安装iSCSI Initiator,以节点一为例,主要涉及以下命令

yum -y install iscsi-initiator-utils

chkconfig iscsid on

chkconfig iscsi on

最后发现并且挂载iscsi target

[root@rac01 rules.d]# iscsiadm -m discovery -t sendtargets -p 192.168.2.70

192.168.2.70:3260,1 iqn.1991-05.com.microsoft:win-ct207djdp08-max-002-target

192.168.2.70:3260,1 iqn.1991-05.com.microsoft:win-ct207djdp08-test1-target

[root@rac01 rules.d]# iscsiadm -m node -T iqn.1991-05.com.microsoft:win-ct207djdp08-max-002-target --login

成功后,用fdisk -l命令可以看到多出的共享磁盘,进行分区,分区结果如下图

四、建立UDEV规则文件

查看磁盘UUID

[root@rac01 rules.d]# /sbin/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/sdb

360003ff44dc75adca44127e408e97955

创建UDEV配置文件:

[root@rac01 rules.d]# cd /etc/udev/rules.d/

[root@rac01 rules.d]# vim 99-oracle-asmdisk.rules

KERNEL=="sdb5", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/$parent", RESULT=="360003ff44dc75adca44127e408e97955", NAME="asm_disk1", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"

KERNEL=="sdb6", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/$parent", RESULT=="360003ff44dc75adca44127e408e97955", NAME="asm_disk2", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"

KERNEL=="sdb7", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/$parent", RESULT=="360003ff44dc75adca44127e408e97955", NAME="asm_disk3", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"

KERNEL=="sdb8", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/$parent", RESULT=="360003ff44dc75adca44127e408e97955", NAME="asm_disk4", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"

KERNEL=="sdb9", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/$parent", RESULT=="360003ff44dc75adca44127e408e97955", NAME="asm_disk5", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"

KERNEL=="sdb10", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/$parent", RESULT=="360003ff44dc75adca44127e408e97955", NAME="asm_disk6", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"

五、启动UDEV service

载入配置文件:

[root@rac01 rules.d]# udevadm control --reload-rules

启动UDEV service:

[root@rac01 rules.d]# start_udev

查看asm disks:

[root@rac01 rules.d]# ls -l /dev/asm*

brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 21 Nov 25 11:22 /dev/asm_disk1

brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 22 Nov 25 11:22 /dev/asm_disk2

brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 23 Nov 25 11:22 /dev/asm_disk3

brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 24 Nov 25 11:22 /dev/asm_disk4

brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 25 Nov 25 11:22 /dev/asm_disk5

brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 26 Nov 25 11:22 /dev/asm_disk6

六、添加额外ASM磁盘

安装完RAC环境后,突然觉得之前配置的ASM磁盘不够用,于是打算再添加一块大容量的ASM磁盘;前面操作都无差异,这里补充后续操作。

查看asm disks:

[root@rac01 rules.d]# ls -l /dev/asm*

[root@rac01 rules.d]# ls -l /dev/asm*

brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 21 Nov 25 11:22 /dev/asm_disk1

brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 22 Nov 25 11:22 /dev/asm_disk2

brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 23 Nov 25 11:22 /dev/asm_disk3

brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 24 Nov 25 11:22 /dev/asm_disk4

brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 25 Nov 25 11:22 /dev/asm_disk5

brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 26 Nov 25 11:22 /dev/asm_disk6

brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 33 Nov 25 09:42 /dev/asm_disk7

在节点1中,使用grid用户运行asmca:

成功弹出ASM设置界面,选择Create

输入磁盘组名,选择External(外部冗余)(因为已经存在常规冗余磁盘组,为了省事儿这里选择外部冗余),选择磁盘:

点击OK

点击OK回到初始界面,点击右下角Exit,然后选择Yes保留操作并退出

使用oracle 账户登录数据库并查询ASM磁盘组信息:

[root@rac01 ~]# su - oracle

[oracle@rac01 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Fri Nov 25 13:09:54 2016

   

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,

Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> select name,total_mb from v$asm_diskgroup;

   

NAME                                TOTAL_MB

------------------------------ ----------

DATA_DB                         16378

DATA                                6144

CY                                102398

七、额外问题

完成上面的操作后,发现节点2出现了一些问题

[oracle@rac02 admin]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Fri Nov 25 13:13:45 2016

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> select name,total_mb from v$asm_diskgroup;

select name,total_mb from v$asm_diskgroup

*

ERROR at line 1:

ORA-01034: ORACLE not available

Process ID: 0

Session ID: 0 Serial number: 0

   

实例似乎被关闭了,重启实例后,发现新加的ASM磁盘组挂载异常

SQL> startup

ORACLE instance started.

   

Total System Global Area 1603411968 bytes

Fixed Size                2253664 bytes

Variable Size                1056967840 bytes

Database Buffers        536870912 bytes

Redo Buffers                7319552 bytes

Database mounted.

Database opened.

SQL> select name,total_mb from v$asm_diskgroup;

   

NAME                                TOTAL_MB

------------------------------ ----------

DATA_DB                         16378

DATA                                6144

CY                                        0

   

[grid@rac02 admin]$ ocrcheck

Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :

Version : 3

Total space (kbytes) : 262120

Used space (kbytes) : 3072

Available space (kbytes) : 259048

ID : 277519239

Device/File Name : +DATA

Device/File integrity check succeeded

   

Device/File not configured

   

Device/File not configured

   

Device/File not configured

   

Device/File not configured

   

Cluster registry integrity check succeeded

   

Logical corruption check bypassed due to non-privileged user

   

手动挂载:

[grid@rac02 admin]$ sqlplus / as sysasm

   

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Fri Nov 25 13:30:30 2016

   

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

   

   

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production

With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

SQL> alter diskgroup CY mount;

   

Diskgroup altered.

   

SQL> select GROUP_NUMBER,NAME,TYPE,ALLOCATION_UNIT_SIZE,STATE from v$asm_diskgroup;

   

GROUP_NUMBER NAME                        TYPE ALLOCATION_UNIT_SIZE STATE

------------ ------------------------------ ------ --------------------

1 DATA_DB                        NORMAL                1048576 MOUNTED

   

2 DATA                        NORMAL                1048576 MOUNTED

   

3 CY                         EXTERN                1048576 MOUNTED

再次查询ASM磁盘组信息:

[oracle@rac02 admin]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

   

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Fri Nov 25 13:40:10 2016

   

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

   

   

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,

Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

   

SQL> select name,total_mb from v$asm_diskgroup;

   

NAME                                TOTAL_MB

------------------------------ ----------

DATA_DB                         16378

DATA                                6144

CY                                102398

   

完成后发现CRS服务异常:

[grid@rac02 admin]$ crsctl check crs

CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online

CRS-4535: Cannot communicate with Cluster Ready Services

CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online

CRS-4534: Cannot communicate with Event Manager

排查后发现是硬盘名称发生了变化,修改完相关配置文件(vim /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdisk.rules),CRS服务正常:

[grid@rac02 ~]$ crsctl check crs

CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online

CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online

CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online

CRS-4533: Event Manager is online

然后发现因为之前的异常操作,导致监听异常:

[grid@rac02 admin]$ lsnrctl status

   

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on 25-NOV-2016 15:19:25

   

Copyright (c) 1991, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

   

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=LISTENER)))

STATUS of the LISTENER

------------------------

Alias LISTENER

Version TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production

Start Date 25-NOV-2016 15:11:22

Uptime 0 days 0 hr. 8 min. 2 sec

Trace Level off

Security ON: Local OS Authentication

SNMP OFF

Listener Parameter File /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/network/admin/listener.ora

Listener Log File /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/diag/tnslsnr/rac02/listener/alert/log.xml

Listening Endpoints Summary...

(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=LISTENER)))

(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=127.0.0.1)(PORT=1521)))

(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.2.209)(PORT=1521)))

Services Summary...

Service "+ASM" has 1 instance(s).

Instance "+ASM2", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...

Service "rac" has 1 instance(s).

Instance "rac2", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...

Service "racXDB" has 1 instance(s).

Instance "rac2", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...

The command completed successfully

以节点1为例

修改两个节点的监听文件:

[root@rac01 ~]# su - grid

[grid@rac01 ~]$ cd /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/network/admin

[grid@rac01 admin]$ ls

endpoints_listener.ora listener.ora shrept.lst

endpoints_listener.ora.bak.rac01 listener.ora.bak.rac01 sqlnet.ora

listener16112111AM0504.bak samples

[grid@rac01 admin]$ vim endpoints_listener.ora

#HOST参数改为本机IP

LISTENER_RAC01=(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=rac01-vip)(PORT=1521))(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.2.206)(PORT=1521)(IP=FIRST))))

修改TNS配置文件:

[oracle@rac01 ~]$ cd /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/network/admin

[oracle@rac01 admin]$ ls

samples shrept.lst tnsnames.ora

[oracle@rac01 admin]$ vim tnsnames.ora

RAC =

(DESCRIPTION =

(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = max-cluster)(PORT = 1521))

(CONNECT_DATA =

(SERVER = DEDICATED)

(SERVICE_NAME = rac)

)

)

RAC1 =

(DESCRIPTION =

(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = max-cluster)(PORT = 1521))

(CONNECT_DATA =

(SERVER = DEDICATED)

(SERVICE_NAME = rac)

)

)

修改hosts文件:

[root@rac01 ~]# vim /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4

::1 localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6

   

#eth0 public ip

192.168.2.206 rac01

192.168.2.207 rac02

   

#eth1 private ip

192.168.3.206 rac01-priv

192.168.3.207 rac02-priv

   

#virtual ip

192.168.2.208 rac01-vip

192.168.2.209 rac02-vip

   

#scan ip

192.168.2.210 max-cluster

修改网卡信息:

[root@rac01 ~]# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

DEVICE="eth0"

NM_CONTROLLED="yes"

ONBOOT=yes

HWADDR=00:0C:29:8F:C2:C6

BOOTPROTO=static

IPADDR=192.168.2.206

NETMASK=255.255.255.0

GATEWAY=192.168.2.1

DNS1=192.168.2.1

[root@rac01 ~]# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1

DEVICE="eth1"

NM_CONTROLLED="yes"

ONBOOT=yes

HWADDR=00:0C:29:8F:C2:D0

BOOTPROTO=static

IPADDR=192.168.3.206

NETMASK=255.255.255.0

更多Oracle相关信息见Oracle 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=12

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-03/141541.htm

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