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Linux下使用FPM封装制作RPM包

[日期:2017-03-26] 来源:Linux社区  作者:215687833 [字体: ]

关于FPM的介绍

FPM功能简单说就是将一种类型的包转换成另一种类型。

支持的源类型包:“dir”:将目录打包成所需要的类型,可以用于源码编译安装的软件包

“rpm”:对rpm进行转换

“gem”:对rubygem包进行转换

“python”:将python模块打包成相应的类型

支持的目标类型包:

“rpm”:转换为rpm包

“deb”:转换为deb包

“solaris”:转换为solaris包

“puppet”:转换为puppet模块

这里主要介绍如何将源码安装的包转换为RPM/DEB包,其他功能感兴趣的可以试试。

安装环境:

系统CentOS 6.5 64位,默认的ruby为1.8.7版本;

封装mysql5.6.29二进制安装包;

FPM安装

FPM的安装非常简单,安装FPM前需要先安装ruby,rubygem

# FPM是Ruby模块

yum -y install ruby rubygems ruby-devel

#移除原生的Ruby仓库, 添加淘宝的Ruby仓库:

gem sources --add https://gems.ruby-china.org/ --remove 
https://rubygems.org/

#查看系统默认的ruby源:

[root@localhost ruby-2.1.10]# gem sources -l
*** CURRENT SOURCES ***
http://rubygems.org/ 
https://gems.ruby-china.org/

#移除原生的Ruby仓库, 添加淘宝的Ruby仓库:

gem sources --add https://gems.ruby-china.org/ --remove https://rubygems.org/
[root@localhost ruby-2.1.10]# gem sources --remove http://rubygems.org/
http://rubygems.org/ removed from sources
[root@localhost ruby-2.1.10]# gem sources -l
*** CURRENT SOURCES ***
https://gems.ruby-china.org/

#安装Fpm软件包

报错如下:

[root@localhost data]# gem install fpm      #时间较久,然后还报了错
Building native extensions.  This could take a while...
Building native extensions.  This could take a while...
ERROR:  Error installing fpm:
ruby-xz requires Ruby version >= 1.9.3.

#处理办法:卸载系统自带的ruby软件包版本:

yum remove ruby -y

ruby官网下载高于1.9.3的ruby软件包进行安装:

#安装编译软件gcc make

yum install gcc make -y

#编译安装三部曲:

tar zxf ruby-2.1.10.tar.gz
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/ruby2.1
make -j 4 && make install

#添加环境变量:

# cat /etc/profile.d/ruby2.1.sh 
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/ruby2.1/bin

#查看ruby版本:

[root@localhost ~]# source /etc/profile
[root@localhost ~]# ruby -v
ruby 2.1.10p492 (2016-04-01 revision 54464) [x86_64-linux]

报错如下:

[root@localhost ruby-2.1.10]# gem install fpm
-bash: /usr/bin/gem: No such file or directory

处理办法:安装依赖;

yum install rubygems

继续安装fpm报错如下:

# gem install fpm
ERROR:  While executing gem ... (Gem::Exception)
    Unable to require openssl, install OpenSSL and rebuild ruby (preferred) or use non-HTTPS sources

处理办法:安装依赖;

# yum install openssl
#yum install rpm-build

当然看到这个报错的时候,第一反应openssl和rpmbuild库没装,yum install openssl rpm-build,发现报错依旧,紧接看网上的文档编译zlib,我当然没这么干。

再次安装依旧报错,处理办法:修改源:放弃https 使用http;

[root@localhost ~]# gem sources -a http://gems.ruby-china.org
http://gems.ruby-china.org added to sources
[root@localhost ~]# gem source --remove https://gems.ruby-china.org
https://gems.ruby-china.org removed from sources
[root@localhost ~]# gem source -l
*** CURRENT SOURCES ***
http://rubygems.org/
http://gems.ruby-china.org

#再次安装发现就没问题;这个安装很耗时,时间很久。

[root@localhost bin]# gem install fpm
Fetching: archive-tar-minitar-0.5.2.gem (100%)
Successfully installed archive-tar-minitar-0.5.2
Fetching: cabin-0.9.0.gem (100%)
Successfully installed cabin-0.9.0
Fetching: arr-pm-0.0.10.gem (100%)
Successfully installed arr-pm-0.0.10
Fetching: backports-3.6.8.gem (100%)
Successfully installed backports-3.6.8
Fetching: ffi-1.9.18.gem (100%)
Building native extensions.  This could take a while...
Successfully installed ffi-1.9.18
Fetching: childprocess-0.6.3.beta.1.gem (100%)
Successfully installed childprocess-0.6.3.beta.1
Fetching: clamp-1.0.1.gem (100%)
Successfully installed clamp-1.0.1
Fetching: dotenv-2.2.0.gem (100%)
Successfully installed dotenv-2.2.0
Fetching: insist-1.0.0.gem (100%)
Successfully installed insist-1.0.0
Fetching: mustache-0.99.8.gem (100%)
Successfully installed mustache-0.99.8
Fetching: stud-0.0.22.gem (100%)
Successfully installed stud-0.0.22
Fetching: pleaserun-0.0.28.gem (100%)
Successfully installed pleaserun-0.0.28
Fetching: io-like-0.3.0.gem (100%)
Successfully installed io-like-0.3.0
Fetching: ruby-xz-0.2.3.gem (100%)
Successfully installed ruby-xz-0.2.3
Fetching: fpm-1.8.1.gem (100%)
Successfully installed fpm-1.8.1
Parsing documentation for archive-tar-minitar-0.5.2
Installing ri documentation for archive-tar-minitar-0.5.2
Parsing documentation for arr-pm-0.0.10
Installing ri documentation for arr-pm-0.0.10
Parsing documentation for backports-3.6.8
Installing ri documentation for backports-3.6.8
Parsing documentation for cabin-0.9.0
Installing ri documentation for cabin-0.9.0
Parsing documentation for childprocess-0.6.3.beta.1
Installing ri documentation for childprocess-0.6.3.beta.1
Parsing documentation for clamp-1.0.1
Installing ri documentation for clamp-1.0.1
Parsing documentation for dotenv-2.2.0
Installing ri documentation for dotenv-2.2.0
Parsing documentation for ffi-1.9.18
Installing ri documentation for ffi-1.9.18
Parsing documentation for fpm-1.8.1
Installing ri documentation for fpm-1.8.1
Parsing documentation for insist-1.0.0
Installing ri documentation for insist-1.0.0
Parsing documentation for io-like-0.3.0
Installing ri documentation for io-like-0.3.0
Parsing documentation for mustache-0.99.8
Installing ri documentation for mustache-0.99.8
Parsing documentation for pleaserun-0.0.28
Installing ri documentation for pleaserun-0.0.28
Parsing documentation for ruby-xz-0.2.3
Installing ri documentation for ruby-xz-0.2.3
Parsing documentation for stud-0.0.22
Installing ri documentation for stud-0.0.22
Done installing documentation for archive-tar-minitar, arr-pm, backports, cabin, childprocess, clamp, dotenv, ffi, fpm, insist, io-like, mustache, pleaserun, ruby-xz, stud after 8 seconds
15 gems installed
You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root

二进制安装干净的Mysql环境,二进制安装速度很快:

#创建mysql数据存储目录

mkdir /data/mysqldata

#添加mysql用户和mysql组

groupadd -r mysql
useradd -g mysql -r -s /sbin/nologin -M -d /data/mysqldata mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysqldata

#初始化Mysql安装Mysql:

#创建mysql启动脚本

cp /data/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
chmod 777 /etc/init.d/mysqld

#修改/etc/init.d/mysqld内容,内容如下:

#basedir=/data/mysql
#datadir=/data/mysqldata

#加入系统库核系统变量

ln -sv /data/mysql/include  /usr/include/mysql
echo '/data/mysql/lib' > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql.conf
ldconfig
echo 'export PATH=/data/mysql/bin/:$PATH' > /etc/profile.d/mysql.sh
source /etc/profile
service mysqld start

如图,安装完成stopmysql服务,开始封装Mysql rpm包:

#开始封装Mysql Rpm包:

[root@localhost tmp]# fpm -s dir -t rpm -v 5.6.29 -n mysql --before-install /tmp/before.sh --after-install /tmp/after.sh --after-remove /tmp/remove.sh -d 'libaio' /data/mysql/ /data/mysqldata/ /etc/init.d/mysqld
Created package {:path=>"mysql-5.6.29-1.x86_64.rpm"}

如图:

封装的时间较久

注意:运行脚本的参数一定要在封装目录之前,否则会报错的。

Fpm的参数选项:

-n 自定义软件包的名称

-C fpm去哪个目录搜寻文件

-v 生成的rpm包的版本

-d 生成的rpm包依赖什么软件,通常为-d 'name' 或者-d 'name > version'

-a 系统架构名称,如果是noarch则为'-a all'或者'-a native'

--description 软件包的描述

--conflicts 与其他什么软件包冲突n

-f 第二次打包时目录下如果有同名安装包存在,则覆盖它

-p 输出的安装包的目录,不想放在当前目录下就需要指定

--post-install 软件包安装完成之后所要运行的脚本;同--after-install

--pre-install 软件包安装完成之前所要运行的脚本;同--before-install

--post-uninstall 软件包卸载完成之后所要运行的脚本;同--after-remove

--pre-uninstall 软件包卸载完成之前所要运行的脚本;同--before-remove

#安装之前的要执行的脚本:

#安装之后要执行的脚本:

#卸载Rpm包后要执行的脚本:

#cpoy到一台全新的机器测试:

到此封装制作完成,感兴趣的朋友可以自己动手尝试下。

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-03/142184.htm

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相关资讯       rpm包制作  FPM 
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