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MongoDB副本集的搭建

[日期:2017-05-04] 来源:Linux社区  作者:ivictor [字体: ]

副本集是MongoDB提供的一种高可用解决方案。相对于原来的主从复制,副本集能自动感知primary节点的下线,并提升其中一个Secondary作为Primary。

整个过程对业务透明,同时也大大降低了运维的成本。

架构图如下:

 

MongoDB副本集的角色

1. Primary

  默认情况下,读写都是在Primary上操作的。

2. Secondary

  通过oplog来重放Primary上的所有操作,拥有Primary节点数据的完整拷贝。

  默认情况下,不可写,也不可读。

  根据不同的需求,Secondary又可配置为如下形式:

  1> Priority 0 Replica Set Members

        优先级为0的节点,优先级为0的成员永远不会被选举为primary。

        在mongoDB副本集中,允许给不同的节点设置不同的优先级。

        优先级的取值范围为0-1000,可设置为浮点数,默认为1。

        拥有最高优先级的成员会优先选举为primary。

        譬如,在副本集中添加了一个优先级为2的成员node3:27020,而其它成员的优先级为1,只要node3:27020拥有最新的数据,那么当前的primary就会自动降

        级,node3:27020将会被选举为新的primary节点,但如果node3:27020中的数据不够新,则当前primary节点保持不变,直到node3:27020的数据更新到最新。

    2> Hidden Replica Set Members-隐藏节点

        隐藏节点的优先级同样为0,同时对客户端不可见

        使用rs.status()和rs.config()可以看到隐藏节点,但是对于db.isMaster()不可见。客户端连接到副本集时,会调用db.isMaster()命令来查看可用成员信息。所以,隐藏节

        点不会受到客户端的读请求。

        隐藏节点常用于执行特定的任务,譬如报表,备份。

    3> Delayed Replica Set Members-延迟节点

        延迟节点会比primary节点延迟指定的时间(通过slaveDelay参数来指定)

        延迟节点必须是隐藏节点。

3. Arbiter

  仲裁节点,只是用来投票,且投票的权重只能为1,不复制数据,也不能提升为primary。

  仲裁节点常用于节点数量是偶数的副本集中。

  建议:通常将Arbiter部署在业务服务器上,切忌将其部署在Primary节点或Secondary节点服务器上。

注:一个副本集最多有50个成员节点,7个投票节点。

MongoDB副本集的搭建

创建数据目录

# mkdir -p /data/27017

# mkdir -p /data/27018

# mkdir -p /data/27019

为了便于查看运行过程中的日志信息,为每个实例创建单独的日志文件

# mkdir -p /var/log/mongodb/

启动mongod实例

# mongod --replSet myapp --dbpath /data/27017 --port 27017 --logpath /var/log/mongodb/27017.log --fork

# mongod --replSet myapp --dbpath /data/27018 --port 27018 --logpath /var/log/mongodb/27018.log --fork

# mongod --replSet myapp --dbpath /data/27019 --port 27019 --logpath /var/log/mongodb/27019.log --fork

以27017端口实例为例,其日志输出信息如下:

2017-05-02T14:05:22.745+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] MongoDB starting : pid=2739 port=27017 dbpath=/data/27017 64-bit host=node3
2017-05-02T14:05:22.745+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] db version v3.4.2
2017-05-02T14:05:22.745+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] git version: 3f76e40c105fc223b3e5aac3e20dcd026b83b38b
2017-05-02T14:05:22.745+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] OpenSSL version: OpenSSL 1.0.1e-fips 11 Feb 2013
2017-05-02T14:05:22.745+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] allocator: tcmalloc
2017-05-02T14:05:22.745+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] modules: none
2017-05-02T14:05:22.745+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] build environment:
2017-05-02T14:05:22.745+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]    distmod: rhel62
2017-05-02T14:05:22.745+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]    distarch: x86_64
2017-05-02T14:05:22.745+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]    target_arch: x86_64
2017-05-02T14:05:22.745+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] options: { net: { port: 27017 }, processManagement: { fork: true }, replication: { replSet: "myapp" }, storage: { dbPath: "/data/27017" }, systemLog: { destination: "file", path: "/var/log/mongodb/27017.log" } }
2017-05-02T14:05:22.768+0800 I -        [initandlisten] 2017-05-02T14:05:22.768+0800 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: Using the XFS filesystem is strongly recommended with the WiredTiger storage engine2017-05-02T14:05:22.768+0800 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] **          See http://dochub.mongodb.org/core/prodnotes-filesystem
2017-05-02T14:05:22.769+0800 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] wiredtiger_open config: create,cache_size=256M,session_max=20000,eviction=(threads_max=4),config_base=false,statistics=(fast),log=(enabled=true,archive=true,path=journal,compressor=snappy),file_manager=(close_idle_time=100000),checkpoint=(wait=60,log_size=2GB),statistics_log=(wait=0),2017-05-02T14:05:24.450+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
2017-05-02T14:05:24.482+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: Access control is not enabled for the database.
2017-05-02T14:05:24.482+0800 I CONTROL [initandlisten] ** Read and write access to data and configuration is unrestricted.
2017-05-02T14:05:24.482+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: You are running this process as the root user, which is not recommended.2017-05-02T14:05:24.482+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
2017-05-02T14:05:24.516+0800 I FTDC    [initandlisten] Initializing full-time diagnostic data capture with directory '/data/27017/diagnostic.data'2017-05-02T14:05:24.517+0800 I REPL    [initandlisten] Did not find local voted for document at startup.
2017-05-02T14:05:24.517+0800 I REPL    [initandlisten] Did not find local replica set configuration document at startup;  NoMatchingDocument: Did not find replica set configuration document in local.system.replset
2017-05-02T14:05:24.519+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] waiting for connections on port 27017
通过mongo连接副本集任一成员,在这里,连接27017端口实例

# mongo

初始化副本集

> rs.initiate()
{
    "info2" : "no configuration specified. Using a default configuration for the set",
    "me" : "node3:27017",
    "ok" : 1
}

可通过rs.conf()查看当前副本集的配置信息,

myapp:PRIMARY> rs.conf()
{
    "_id" : "myapp",
    "version" : 1,
    "protocolVersion" : NumberLong(1),
    "members" : [
        {
            "_id" : 0,
            "host" : "node3:27017",
            "arbiterOnly" : false,
            "buildIndexes" : true,
            "hidden" : false,
            "priority" : 1,
            "tags" : {
                
            },
            "slaveDelay" : NumberLong(0),
            "votes" : 1
        }
    ],
    "settings" : {
        "chainingAllowed" : true,
        "heartbeatIntervalMillis" : 2000,
        "heartbeatTimeoutSecs" : 10,
        "electionTimeoutMillis" : 10000,
        "catchUpTimeoutMillis" : 2000,
        "getLastErrorModes" : {
            
        },
        "getLastErrorDefaults" : {
            "w" : 1,
            "wtimeout" : 0
        },
        "replicaSetId" : ObjectId("59082229517dd35bb9fd0d2a")
    }
}
其中,settings中的选项解释如下:

chainingAllowed:是否允许级联复制

heartbeatIntervalMillis:心跳检测时间,默认是2s

heartbeatTimeoutSecs:心跳检测失效时间,默认为10s,即如果在10s内没有收到节点的心跳信息,则判断节点不可达(HostUnreachable),对primary和Secondary均适用。

日志输出信息如下:

# vim /var/log/mongodb/27017.log

2017-05-02T14:05:47.361+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 127.0.0.1:32824 #1 (1 connection now open)
2017-05-02T14:05:47.361+0800 I NETWORK  [conn1] received client metadata from 127.0.0.1:32824 conn1: { application: { name: "MongoDB Shell" }, driver: { name: "MongoDB Internal Client", version: "3.4.2" }, os: { type: "Linux", name: "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.7 (Santiago)", architecture: "x86_64", version: "Kernel 2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64" } }
2017-05-02T14:07:36.737+0800 I COMMAND  [conn1] initiate : no configuration specified. Using a default configuration for the set
2017-05-02T14:07:36.737+0800 I COMMAND  [conn1] created this configuration for initiation : { _id: "myapp", version: 1, members: [ { _id: 0, host: "node3:27017" } ] }
2017-05-02T14:07:36.900+0800 I REPL    [conn1] replSetInitiate admin command received from client
2017-05-02T14:07:37.391+0800 I REPL    [conn1] replSetInitiate config object with 1 members parses ok
2017-05-02T14:07:37.410+0800 I REPL    [conn1] ******
2017-05-02T14:07:37.410+0800 I REPL    [conn1] creating replication oplog of size: 990MB...
2017-05-02T14:07:37.439+0800 I STORAGE  [conn1] Starting WiredTigerRecordStoreThread local.oplog.rs
2017-05-02T14:07:37.440+0800 I STORAGE  [conn1] The size storer reports that the oplog contains 0 records totaling to 0 bytes
2017-05-02T14:07:37.440+0800 I STORAGE  [conn1] Scanning the oplog to determine where to place markers for truncation
2017-05-02T14:07:37.472+0800 I REPL    [conn1] ******
2017-05-02T14:07:37.568+0800 I INDEX    [conn1] build index on: admin.system.version properties: { v: 2, key: { version: 1 }, name: "incompatible_with_version_32", ns: "admin.system.version" }
2017-05-02T14:07:37.568+0800 I INDEX    [conn1]      building index using bulk method; build may temporarily use up to 500 megabytes of RAM
2017-05-02T14:07:37.581+0800 I INDEX    [conn1] build index done.  scanned 0 total records. 0 secs
2017-05-02T14:07:37.591+0800 I COMMAND  [conn1] setting featureCompatibilityVersion to 3.4
2017-05-02T14:07:37.601+0800 I REPL    [conn1] New replica set config in use: { _id: "myapp", version: 1, protocolVersion: 1, members: [ { _id: 0, host: "node3:27017", arbiterOnly: false, buildIndexes: true, hidden: false, priority: 1.0, tags: {}, slaveDelay: 0, votes: 1 } ], settings: { chainingAllowed: true, heartbeatIntervalMillis: 2000, heartbeatTimeoutSecs: 10, electionTimeoutMillis: 10000, catchUpTimeoutMillis: 2000, getLastErrorModes: {}, getLastErrorDefaults: { w: 1, wtimeout: 0 }, replicaSetId: ObjectId('59082229517dd35bb9fd0d2a') } }
2017-05-02T14:07:37.601+0800 I REPL    [conn1] This node is node3:27017 in the config
2017-05-02T14:07:37.601+0800 I REPL    [conn1] transition to STARTUP2
2017-05-02T14:07:37.601+0800 I REPL    [conn1] Starting replication storage threads
2017-05-02T14:07:37.603+0800 I REPL    [conn1] Starting replication fetcher thread
2017-05-02T14:07:37.617+0800 I REPL    [conn1] Starting replication applier thread
2017-05-02T14:07:37.617+0800 I REPL    [conn1] Starting replication reporter thread
2017-05-02T14:07:37.617+0800 I REPL    [rsSync] transition to RECOVERING
2017-05-02T14:07:37.628+0800 I REPL    [rsSync] transition to SECONDARY
2017-05-02T14:07:37.635+0800 I COMMAND  [conn1] command local.replset.minvalid appName: "MongoDB Shell" command: replSetInitiate { v: 2, key: { version: 1 }, ns: "admin.system.version", name: "incompatible_with_version_32" } numYields:0 reslen:123 locks:{ Global: { acquireCount: { r: 13, w: 7, W: 2 }, acquireWaitCount: { W: 1 }, timeAcquiringMicros: { W: 53 } }, Database: { acquireCount: { r: 2, w: 2, W: 5 } }, Collection: { acquireCount: { r: 2, w: 2 } }, Metadata: { acquireCount: { w: 1 } }, oplog: { acquireCount: { w: 2 } } } protocol:op_command 941ms
2017-05-02T14:07:37.646+0800 I REPL    [rsSync] conducting a dry run election to see if we could be elected
2017-05-02T14:07:37.646+0800 I REPL    [ReplicationExecutor] dry election run succeeded, running for election
2017-05-02T14:07:37.675+0800 I REPL    [ReplicationExecutor] election succeeded, assuming primary role in term 1
2017-05-02T14:07:37.675+0800 I REPL    [ReplicationExecutor] transition to PRIMARY
2017-05-02T14:07:37.675+0800 I REPL    [ReplicationExecutor] Could not access any nodes within timeout when checking for additional ops to apply before finishing transition to primary. Will move forward with becoming primary anyway.
2017-05-02T14:07:38.687+0800 I REPL    [rsSync] transition to primary complete; database writes are now permitted
 

添加节点

myapp:PRIMARY> rs.add("node3:27018")
{ "ok" : 1 }

27017端口实例的日志信息如下:

2017-05-02T15:54:44.737+0800 I COMMAND  [conn1] command local.system.replset appName: "MongoDB Shell" command: count { count: "system.replset", query: {}, fields: {} } planSummary: COUNT keysExamined:0 docsExamined:0 numYields:0 reslen:29 locks:{ Global: { acquireCount: { r: 2 } }, Database: { acquireCount: { r: 1 } }, Collection: { acquireCount: { r: 1 } } } protocol:op_command 135ms
2017-05-02T15:54:44.765+0800 I REPL [conn1] replSetReconfig admin command received from client
2017-05-02T15:54:44.808+0800 I REPL    [conn1] replSetReconfig config object with 2 members parses ok
2017-05-02T15:54:44.928+0800 I ASIO    [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27018
2017-05-02T15:54:44.979+0800 I ASIO    [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Successfully connected to node3:27018
2017-05-02T15:54:44.994+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:38291 #3 (3 connections now open)
2017-05-02T15:54:45.007+0800 I NETWORK  [conn3] received client metadata from 192.168.244.30:38291 conn3: { driver: { name: "NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication", version: "3.4.2" }, os: { type: "Linux", name: "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.7 (Santiago)", architecture: "x86_64", version: "Kernel 2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64" } }
2017-05-02T15:54:45.009+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:38292 #4 (4 connections now open)
2017-05-02T15:54:45.010+0800 I -        [conn4] end connection 192.168.244.30:38292 (4 connections now open)
2017-05-02T15:54:45.105+0800 I REPL    [ReplicationExecutor] New replica set config in use: { _id: "myapp", version: 2, protocolVersion: 1, members: [ { _id: 0, host: "node3:27017", arbiterOnly: false, buildIndexes: true, hidden: false, priority: 1.0, tags: {}, slaveDelay: 0, votes: 1 }, { _id: 1, host: "node3:27018", arbiterOnly: false, buildIndexes: true, hidden: false, priority: 1.0, tags: {}, slaveDelay: 0, votes: 1 } ], settings: { chainingAllowed: true, heartbeatIntervalMillis: 2000, heartbeatTimeoutSecs: 10, electionTimeoutMillis: 10000, catchUpTimeoutMillis: 2000, getLastErrorModes: {}, getLastErrorDefaults: { w: 1, wtimeout: 0 }, replicaSetId: ObjectId('59082229517dd35bb9fd0d2a') } }
2017-05-02T15:54:45.105+0800 I REPL    [ReplicationExecutor] This node is node3:27017 in the config
2017-05-02T15:54:45.155+0800 I REPL    [ReplicationExecutor] Member node3:27018 is now in state STARTUP
2017-05-02T15:54:45.155+0800 I COMMAND  [conn1] command local.system.replset appName: "MongoDB Shell" command: replSetReconfig { replSetReconfig: { _id: "myapp", version: 2, protocolVersion: 1, members: [ { _id: 0, host: "node3:27017", arbiterOnly: false, buildIndexes: true, hidden: false, priority: 1.0, tags: {}, slaveDelay: 0, votes: 1 }, { _id: 1.0, host: "node3:27018" } ], settings: { chainingAllowed: true, heartbeatIntervalMillis: 2000, heartbeatTimeoutSecs: 10, electionTimeoutMillis: 10000, catchUpTimeoutMillis: 2000, getLastErrorModes: {}, getLastErrorDefaults: { w: 1, wtimeout: 0 }, replicaSetId: ObjectId('59082229517dd35bb9fd0d2a') } } } numYields:0 reslen:22 locks:{ Global: { acquireCount: { r: 3, w: 2, W: 1 } }, Database: { acquireCount: { w: 1, W: 1 } }, Metadata: { acquireCount: { w: 1 } }, oplog: { acquireCount: { w: 1 } } } protocol:op_command 403ms
2017-05-02T15:54:47.010+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:38293 #5 (4 connections now open)
2017-05-02T15:54:47.011+0800 I -        [conn5] end connection 192.168.244.30:38293 (4 connections now open)
2017-05-02T15:54:47.940+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:38294 #6 (4 connections now open)
2017-05-02T15:54:47.941+0800 I NETWORK  [conn6] received client metadata from 192.168.244.30:38294 conn6: { driver: { name: "NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS", version: "3.4.2" }, os: { type: "Linux", name: "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.7 (Santiago)", architecture: "x86_64", version: "Kernel 2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64" } }
2017-05-02T15:54:48.010+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:38295 #7 (5 connections now open)
2017-05-02T15:54:48.011+0800 I NETWORK  [conn7] received client metadata from 192.168.244.30:38295 conn7: { driver: { name: "NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS", version: "3.4.2" }, os: { type: "Linux", name: "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.7 (Santiago)", architecture: "x86_64", version: "Kernel 2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64" } }
2017-05-02T15:54:49.159+0800 I REPL    [ReplicationExecutor] Member node3:27018 is now in state SECONDARY
2017-05-02T15:54:49.160+0800 I -        [conn6] end connection 192.168.244.30:38294 (5 connections now open)
2017-05-02T15:55:03.401+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:38296 #8 (5 connections now open)
2017-05-02T15:55:03.403+0800 I NETWORK  [conn8] received client metadata from 192.168.244.30:38296 conn8: { driver: { name: "NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS", version: "3.4.2" }, os: { type: "Linux", name: "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.7 (Santiago)", architecture: "x86_64", version: "Kernel 2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64" } }
 

27018端口实例的日志信息如下:

 
2017-05-02T15:54:44.796+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:46984 #2 (1 connection now open)
2017-05-02T15:54:44.922+0800 I -        [conn2] end connection 192.168.244.30:46984 (1 connection now open)
2017-05-02T15:54:44.965+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:46985 #3 (1 connection now open)
2017-05-02T15:54:44.978+0800 I NETWORK  [conn3] received client metadata from 192.168.244.30:46985 conn3: { driver: { name: "NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication", version: "3.4.2" }, os: { type: "Linux", name: "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.7 (Santiago)", architecture: "x86_64", version: "Kernel 2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64" } }
2017-05-02T15:54:44.991+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T15:54:45.008+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Successfully connected to node3:27017
2017-05-02T15:54:47.101+0800 I REPL     [replExecDBWorker-2] Starting replication storage threads
2017-05-02T15:54:47.174+0800 I REPL     [replication-0] Starting initial sync (attempt 1 of 10)
2017-05-02T15:54:47.174+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] New replica set config in use: { _id: "myapp", version: 2, protocolVersion: 1, members: [ { _id: 0, host: "node3:27017", arbiterOnly: false, buildIndexes: true, hidden: false, priority: 1.0, tags: {}, slaveDelay: 0, votes: 1 }, { _id: 1, host: "node3:27018", arbiterOnly: false, buildIndexes: true, hidden: false, priority: 1.0, tags: {}, slaveDelay: 0, votes: 1 } ], settings: { chainingAllowed: true, heartbeatIntervalMillis: 2000, heartbeatTimeoutSecs: 10, electionTimeoutMillis: 10000, catchUpTimeoutMillis: 2000, getLastErrorModes: {}, getLastErrorDefaults: { w: 1, wtimeout: 0 }, replicaSetId: ObjectId('59082229517dd35bb9fd0d2a') } }
2017-05-02T15:54:47.174+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] This node is node3:27018 in the config
2017-05-02T15:54:47.174+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] transition to STARTUP2
2017-05-02T15:54:47.175+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Member node3:27017 is now in state PRIMARY
2017-05-02T15:54:47.217+0800 I REPL     [replication-0] sync source candidate: node3:27017
2017-05-02T15:54:47.217+0800 I STORAGE  [replication-0] dropAllDatabasesExceptLocal 1
2017-05-02T15:54:47.217+0800 I REPL     [replication-0] ******
2017-05-02T15:54:47.217+0800 I REPL     [replication-0] creating replication oplog of size: 990MB...
2017-05-02T15:54:47.232+0800 I STORAGE  [replication-0] Starting WiredTigerRecordStoreThread local.oplog.rs
2017-05-02T15:54:47.232+0800 I STORAGE  [replication-0] The size storer reports that the oplog contains 0 records totaling to 0 bytes
2017-05-02T15:54:47.232+0800 I STORAGE  [replication-0] Scanning the oplog to determine where to place markers for truncation
2017-05-02T15:54:47.938+0800 I REPL     [replication-0] ******
2017-05-02T15:54:47.939+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T15:54:47.941+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Successfully connected to node3:27017
2017-05-02T15:54:48.010+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T15:54:48.011+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Successfully connected to node3:27017
2017-05-02T15:54:48.046+0800 I REPL     [replication-0] CollectionCloner::start called, on ns:admin.system.version
2017-05-02T15:54:48.150+0800 I INDEX    [InitialSyncInserters-admin.system.version0] build index on: admin.system.version properties: { v: 2, key: { version: 1 }, name: "incompatible_with_version_32", ns: "admin.system.version" }
2017-05-02T15:54:48.150+0800 I INDEX    [InitialSyncInserters-admin.system.version0]      building index using bulk method; build may temporarily use up to 500 megabytes of RAM
2017-05-02T15:54:48.154+0800 I INDEX    [InitialSyncInserters-admin.system.version0] build index on: admin.system.version properties: { v: 1, key: { _id: 1 }, name: "_id_", ns: "admin.system.version" }
2017-05-02T15:54:48.155+0800 I INDEX    [InitialSyncInserters-admin.system.version0]      building index using bulk method; build may temporarily use up to 500 megabytes of RAM
2017-05-02T15:54:48.177+0800 I COMMAND  [InitialSyncInserters-admin.system.version0] setting featureCompatibilityVersion to 3.4
2017-05-02T15:54:48.221+0800 I REPL     [replication-1] CollectionCloner::start called, on ns:test.blog
2017-05-02T15:54:48.264+0800 I INDEX    [InitialSyncInserters-test.blog0] build index on: test.blog properties: { v: 2, key: { _id: 1 }, name: "_id_", ns: "test.blog" }
2017-05-02T15:54:48.264+0800 I INDEX    [InitialSyncInserters-test.blog0]      building index using bulk method; build may temporarily use up to 500 megabytes of RAM
2017-05-02T15:54:48.271+0800 I REPL     [replication-1] No need to apply operations. (currently at { : Timestamp 1493711685000|1 })
2017-05-02T15:54:48.271+0800 I REPL     [replication-1] Finished fetching oplog during initial sync: CallbackCanceled: Callback canceled. Last fetched optime and hash: { ts: Timestamp 1493711685000|1, t: 1 }[7804552707376497349]
2017-05-02T15:54:48.271+0800 I REPL     [replication-1] Initial sync attempt finishing up.
2017-05-02T15:54:48.271+0800 I REPL     [replication-1] Initial Sync Attempt Statistics: { failedInitialSyncAttempts: 0, maxFailedInitialSyncAttempts: 10, initialSyncStart: new Date(1493711687173), initialSyncAttempts: [], fetchedMissingDocs: 0, appliedOps: 0, initialSyncOplogStart: Timestamp 1493711685000|1, initialSyncOplogEnd: Timestamp 1493711685000|1, databases: { databasesCloned: 2, admin: { collections: 1, clonedCollections: 1, start: new Date(1493711688037), end: new Date(1493711688220), elapsedMillis: 183, admin.system.version: { documentsToCopy: 1, documentsCopied: 1, indexes: 2, fetchedBatches: 1, start: new Date(1493711688046), end: new Date(1493711688220), elapsedMillis: 174 } }, test: { collections: 1, clonedCollections: 1, start: new Date(1493711688220), end: new Date(1493711688270), elapsedMillis: 50, test.blog: { documentsToCopy: 1, documentsCopied: 1, indexes: 1, fetchedBatches: 1, start: new Date(1493711688221), end: new Date(1493711688270), elapsedMillis: 49 } } } }
2017-05-02T15:54:48.352+0800 I REPL     [replication-1] initial sync done; took 1s.
2017-05-02T15:54:48.352+0800 I REPL     [replication-1] Starting replication fetcher thread
2017-05-02T15:54:48.352+0800 I REPL     [replication-1] Starting replication applier thread
2017-05-02T15:54:48.352+0800 I REPL     [replication-1] Starting replication reporter thread
2017-05-02T15:54:48.352+0800 I REPL     [rsSync] transition to RECOVERING
2017-05-02T15:54:48.366+0800 I REPL     [rsBackgroundSync] could not find member to sync from
2017-05-02T15:54:48.367+0800 I REPL     [rsSync] transition to SECONDARY
2017-05-02T15:55:03.392+0800 I REPL     [rsBackgroundSync] sync source candidate: node3:27017
2017-05-02T15:55:03.396+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T15:55:03.404+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Successfully connected to node3:27017
 

 

添加仲裁节点

myapp:PRIMARY> rs.addArb("node3:27019")
{ "ok" : 1 }

27017端口实例的日志信息如下:

 
2017-05-02T16:06:59.098+0800 I REPL     [conn1] replSetReconfig admin command received from client
2017-05-02T16:06:59.116+0800 I REPL     [conn1] replSetReconfig config object with 3 members parses ok
2017-05-02T16:06:59.116+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27019
2017-05-02T16:06:59.123+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] New replica set config in use: { _id: "myapp", version: 3, protocolVersion: 1, members: [ { _id: 0, host: "node3:27017", arbiterOnly: false, buildIndexes: true, hidden: false, priority: 1.0, tags: {}, slaveDelay: 0, votes: 1 }, { _id: 1, host: "node3:27018", arbiterOnly: false, buildIndexes: true, hidden: false, priority: 1.0, tags: {}, slaveDelay: 0, votes: 1 }, { _id: 2, host: "node3:27019", arbiterOnly: true, buildIndexes: true, hidden: false, priority: 1.0, tags: {}, slaveDelay: 0, votes: 1 } ], settings: { chainingAllowed: true, heartbeatIntervalMillis: 2000, heartbeatTimeoutSecs: 10, electionTimeoutMillis: 10000, catchUpTimeoutMillis: 2000, getLastErrorModes: {}, getLastErrorDefaults: { w: 1, wtimeout: 0 }, replicaSetId: ObjectId('59082229517dd35bb9fd0d2a') } }
2017-05-02T16:06:59.123+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] This node is node3:27017 in the config
2017-05-02T16:06:59.124+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27019
2017-05-02T16:06:59.124+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Successfully connected to node3:27019
2017-05-02T16:06:59.125+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:38300 #9 (6 connections now open)
2017-05-02T16:06:59.127+0800 I -        [conn9] end connection 192.168.244.30:38300 (6 connections now open)
2017-05-02T16:06:59.131+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Member node3:27019 is now in state STARTUP
2017-05-02T16:06:59.137+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Successfully connected to node3:27019
2017-05-02T16:06:59.223+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:38304 #10 (6 connections now open)
2017-05-02T16:06:59.225+0800 I NETWORK  [conn10] received client metadata from 192.168.244.30:38304 conn10: { driver: { name: "NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication", version: "3.4.2" }, os: { type: "Linux", name: "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.7 (Santiago)", architecture: "x86_64", version: "Kernel 2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64" } }
2017-05-02T16:06:59.231+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:38306 #11 (7 connections now open)
2017-05-02T16:06:59.232+0800 I -        [conn11] end connection 192.168.244.30:38306 (7 connections now open)
2017-05-02T16:07:01.132+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Member node3:27019 is now in state ARBITER
 

27019端口实例的日志信息如下:

 
2017-05-02T16:06:59.115+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:33003 #1 (1 connection now open)
2017-05-02T16:06:59.117+0800 I -        [conn1] end connection 192.168.244.30:33003 (1 connection now open)
2017-05-02T16:06:59.117+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:33004 #2 (1 connection now open)
2017-05-02T16:06:59.122+0800 I NETWORK  [conn2] received client metadata from 192.168.244.30:33004 conn2: { driver: { name: "NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication", version: "3.4.2" }, os: { type: "Linux", name: "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.7 (Santiago)", architecture: "x86_64", version: "Kernel 2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64" } }
2017-05-02T16:06:59.125+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:33005 #3 (2 connections now open)
2017-05-02T16:06:59.127+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:33007 #4 (3 connections now open)
2017-05-02T16:06:59.128+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T16:06:59.135+0800 I -        [conn4] end connection 192.168.244.30:33007 (3 connections now open)
2017-05-02T16:06:59.136+0800 I NETWORK  [conn3] received client metadata from 192.168.244.30:33005 conn3: { driver: { name: "NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication", version: "3.4.2" }, os: { type: "Linux", name: "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.7 (Santiago)", architecture: "x86_64", version: "Kernel 2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64" } }
2017-05-02T16:06:59.214+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:33008 #5 (3 connections now open)
2017-05-02T16:06:59.216+0800 I NETWORK  [conn5] received client metadata from 192.168.244.30:33008 conn5: { driver: { name: "NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication", version: "3.4.2" }, os: { type: "Linux", name: "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.7 (Santiago)", architecture: "x86_64", version: "Kernel 2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64" } }
2017-05-02T16:06:59.219+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27018
2017-05-02T16:06:59.227+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Successfully connected to node3:27018
2017-05-02T16:06:59.227+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Successfully connected to node3:27017
2017-05-02T16:06:59.295+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] New replica set config in use: { _id: "myapp", version: 3, protocolVersion: 1, members: [ { _id: 0, host: "node3:27017", arbiterOnly: false, buildIndexes: true, hidden: false, priority: 1.0, tags: {}, slaveDelay: 0, votes: 1 }, { _id: 1, host: "node3:27018", arbiterOnly: false, buildIndexes: true, hidden: false, priority: 1.0, tags: {}, slaveDelay: 0, votes: 1 }, { _id: 2, host: "node3:27019", arbiterOnly: true, buildIndexes: true, hidden: false, priority: 1.0, tags: {}, slaveDelay: 0, votes: 1 } ], settings: { chainingAllowed: true, heartbeatIntervalMillis: 2000, heartbeatTimeoutSecs: 10, electionTimeoutMillis: 10000, catchUpTimeoutMillis: 2000, getLastErrorModes: {}, getLastErrorDefaults: { w: 1, wtimeout: 0 }, replicaSetId: ObjectId('59082229517dd35bb9fd0d2a') } }
2017-05-02T16:06:59.295+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] This node is node3:27019 in the config
2017-05-02T16:06:59.295+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] transition to ARBITER
2017-05-02T16:06:59.297+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Member node3:27017 is now in state PRIMARY
2017-05-02T16:06:59.297+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Member node3:27018 is now in state SECONDARY
2017-05-02T16:07:59.132+0800 I -        [conn2] end connection 192.168.244.30:33004 (3 connections now open)
 

检查复制集的状态

myapp:PRIMARY> rs.status()
{
    "set" : "myapp",
    "date" : ISODate("2017-05-02T08:10:59.174Z"),
    "myState" : 1,
    "term" : NumberLong(1),
    "heartbeatIntervalMillis" : NumberLong(2000),
    "optimes" : {
        "lastCommittedOpTime" : {
            "ts" : Timestamp(1493712649, 1),
            "t" : NumberLong(1)
        },
        "appliedOpTime" : {
            "ts" : Timestamp(1493712649, 1),
            "t" : NumberLong(1)
        },
        "durableOpTime" : {
            "ts" : Timestamp(1493712649, 1),
            "t" : NumberLong(1)
        }
    },
    "members" : [
        {
            "_id" : 0,
            "name" : "node3:27017",
            "health" : 1,
            "state" : 1,
            "stateStr" : "PRIMARY",
            "uptime" : 7537,
            "optime" : {
                "ts" : Timestamp(1493712649, 1),
                "t" : NumberLong(1)
            },
            "optimeDate" : ISODate("2017-05-02T08:10:49Z"),
            "electionTime" : Timestamp(1493705257, 2),
            "electionDate" : ISODate("2017-05-02T06:07:37Z"),
            "configVersion" : 3,
            "self" : true
        },
        {
            "_id" : 1,
            "name" : "node3:27018",
            "health" : 1,
            "state" : 2,
            "stateStr" : "SECONDARY",
            "uptime" : 974,
            "optime" : {
                "ts" : Timestamp(1493712649, 1),
                "t" : NumberLong(1)
            },
            "optimeDurable" : {
                "ts" : Timestamp(1493712649, 1),
                "t" : NumberLong(1)
            },
            "optimeDate" : ISODate("2017-05-02T08:10:49Z"),
            "optimeDurableDate" : ISODate("2017-05-02T08:10:49Z"),
            "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2017-05-02T08:10:57.606Z"),
            "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2017-05-02T08:10:58.224Z"),
            "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
            "syncingTo" : "node3:27017",
            "configVersion" : 3
        },
        {
            "_id" : 2,
            "name" : "node3:27019",
            "health" : 1,
            "state" : 7,
            "stateStr" : "ARBITER",
            "uptime" : 240,
            "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2017-05-02T08:10:57.607Z"),
            "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2017-05-02T08:10:54.391Z"),
            "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),
            "configVersion" : 3
        }
    ],
    "ok" : 1
} 

副本集也可通过配置文件的方式进行创建

> cfg={
...     "_id":"myapp",
...     "members":[
...         {"_id":0,"host":"node3:27017"},
...         {"_id":1,"host":"node3:27018"},
...         {"_id":2,"host":"node3:27019","arbiterOnly" : true}
... ]}

> rs.initiate(cfg)

验证副本集的可用性

在primary中创建一个集合,并插入一个文档进行测试

# mongo
myapp:PRIMARY> show dbs;
admin  0.000GB
local  0.000GB
myapp:PRIMARY> use test
switched to db test
myapp:PRIMARY> db.blog.insert({"title":"My Blog Post"})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
myapp:PRIMARY> db.blog.find();
{ "_id" : ObjectId("59082731008c534e0763e90a"), "title" : "My Blog Post" }
myapp:PRIMARY> quit() 

在secondary中进行验证

# mongo --port 27018
myapp:SECONDARY> use test
switched to db test
myapp:SECONDARY> db.blog.find()
Error: error: {
    "ok" : 0,
    "errmsg" : "not master and slaveOk=false",
    "code" : 13435,
    "codeName" : "NotMasterNoSlaveOk"
}
myapp:SECONDARY> rs.slaveOk()
myapp:SECONDARY> db.blog.find()
{ "_id" : ObjectId("59082731008c534e0763e90a"), "title" : "My Blog Post" }
myapp:SECONDARY> quit() 

因仲裁节点实际上并不存储任何数据,所以无法通过连接仲裁节点查看刚刚插入的文档

# mongo --port 27019
myapp:ARBITER> use test
switched to db test
myapp:ARBITER> db.blog.find();
Error: error: {
    "ok" : 0,
    "errmsg" : "not master and slaveOk=false",
    "code" : 13435,
    "codeName" : "NotMasterNoSlaveOk"
}
myapp:ARBITER> rs.slaveOk()
myapp:ARBITER> db.blog.find()
Error: error: {
    "ok" : 0,
    "errmsg" : "node is not in primary or recovering state",
    "code" : 13436,
    "codeName" : "NotMasterOrSecondary"
}
myapp:ARBITER> quit() 

模拟primary宕掉后,副本集的自动切换

# ps -ef |grep mongodb
root       2619      1  1 13:59 ?        00:02:58 mongod --replSet myapp --dbpath /data/27018 --port 27018 --logpath /var/log/mongodb
/27018.log --forkroot       2643      1  1 13:59 ?        00:02:38 mongod --replSet myapp --dbpath /data/27019 --port 27019 --logpath /var/log/mongodb
/27019.log --forkroot       2739      1  1 14:05 ?        00:03:12 mongod --replSet myapp --dbpath /data/27017 --port 27017 --logpath /var/log/mongodb
/27017.log --forkroot       3009   2037  0 16:08 pts/2    00:00:00 vim /var/log/mongodb/27017.log
root       3055   2884  0 16:59 pts/5    00:00:00 tailf /var/log/mongodb/27019.log
root       3071   2209  0 16:59 pts/3    00:00:00 tailf /var/log/mongodb/27018.log
root       3097   1921  0 17:00 pts/0    00:00:00 grep mongodb
# kill -9 2739 

检查复制集的状态

在这里,连接27018端口实例

# mongo --port 27018

myapp:PRIMARY> db.isMaster() 
{
    "hosts" : [
        "node3:27017",
        "node3:27018"
    ],
    "arbiters" : [
        "node3:27019"
    ],
    "setName" : "myapp",
    "setVersion" : 3,
    "ismaster" : true,
    "secondary" : false,
    "primary" : "node3:27018",
    "me" : "node3:27018",
    "electionId" : ObjectId("7fffffff0000000000000002"),
    "lastWrite" : {
        "opTime" : {
            "ts" : Timestamp(1493716742, 1),
            "t" : NumberLong(2)
        },
        "lastWriteDate" : ISODate("2017-05-02T09:19:02Z")
    },
    "maxBsonObjectSize" : 16777216,
    "maxMessageSizeBytes" : 48000000,
    "maxWriteBatchSize" : 1000,
    "localTime" : ISODate("2017-05-02T09:19:04.870Z"),
    "maxWireVersion" : 5,
    "minWireVersion" : 0,
    "readOnly" : false,
    "ok" : 1
}

可见,primary已经切换到27018端口实例上了。

对应的,27018端口实例的日志输出信息如下:

 
2017-05-02T17:00:51.853+0800 I -        [conn3] end connection 192.168.244.30:46985 (2 connections now open)
2017-05-02T17:00:51.853+0800 I REPL     [replication-7] Restarting oplog query due to error: HostUnreachable: End of file. Last fetched optime (with hash): { ts: Timestamp 1493715649000|1, t: 1 }[-5996450771261812604]. Restarts remaining: 3
2017-05-02T17:00:51.878+0800 I ASIO     [replication-7] dropping unhealthy pooled connection to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:00:51.878+0800 I ASIO     [replication-7] after drop, pool was empty, going to spawn some connections
2017-05-02T17:00:51.879+0800 I REPL     [replication-7] Scheduled new oplog query Fetcher source: node3:27017 database: local query: { find: "oplog.rs", filter: { ts: { $gte: Timestamp 1493715649000|1 } }, tailable: true, oplogReplay: true, awaitData: true, maxTimeMS: 60000, term: 1 } query metadata: { $replData: 1, $ssm: { $secondaryOk: true } } active: 1 timeout: 10000ms shutting down?: 0 first: 1 firstCommandScheduler: RemoteCommandRetryScheduler request: RemoteCommand 12010 -- target:node3:27017 db:local cmd:{ find: "oplog.rs", filter: { ts: { $gte: Timestamp 1493715649000|1 } }, tailable: true, oplogReplay: true, awaitData: true, maxTimeMS: 60000, term: 1 } active: 1 callbackHandle.valid: 1 callbackHandle.cancelled: 0 attempt: 1 retryPolicy: RetryPolicyImpl maxAttempts: 1 maxTimeMillis: -1ms
2017-05-02T17:00:51.879+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:00:51.879+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:51.880+0800 I REPL     [replication-8] Restarting oplog query due to error: HostUnreachable: Connection refused. Last fetched optime (with hash): { ts: Timestamp 1493715649000|1, t: 1 }[-5996450771261812604]. Restarts remaining: 2
2017-05-02T17:00:51.880+0800 I REPL     [replication-8] Scheduled new oplog query Fetcher source: node3:27017 database: local query: { find: "oplog.rs", filter: { ts: { $gte: Timestamp 1493715649000|1 } }, tailable: true, oplogReplay: true, awaitData: true, maxTimeMS: 60000, term: 1 } query metadata: { $replData: 1, $ssm: { $secondaryOk: true } } active: 1 timeout: 10000ms shutting down?: 0 first: 1 firstCommandScheduler: RemoteCommandRetryScheduler request: RemoteCommand 12013 -- target:node3:27017 db:local cmd:{ find: "oplog.rs", filter: { ts: { $gte: Timestamp 1493715649000|1 } }, tailable: true, oplogReplay: true, awaitData: true, maxTimeMS: 60000, term: 1 } active: 1 callbackHandle.valid: 1 callbackHandle.cancelled: 0 attempt: 1 retryPolicy: RetryPolicyImpl maxAttempts: 1 maxTimeMillis: -1ms
2017-05-02T17:00:51.880+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:00:51.880+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:51.880+0800 I REPL     [replication-7] Restarting oplog query due to error: HostUnreachable: Connection refused. Last fetched optime (with hash): { ts: Timestamp 1493715649000|1, t: 1 }[-5996450771261812604]. Restarts remaining: 1
2017-05-02T17:00:51.880+0800 I REPL     [replication-7] Scheduled new oplog query Fetcher source: node3:27017 database: local query: { find: "oplog.rs", filter: { ts: { $gte: Timestamp 1493715649000|1 } }, tailable: true, oplogReplay: true, awaitData: true, maxTimeMS: 60000, term: 1 } query metadata: { $replData: 1, $ssm: { $secondaryOk: true } } active: 1 timeout: 10000ms shutting down?: 0 first: 1 firstCommandScheduler: RemoteCommandRetryScheduler request: RemoteCommand 12015 -- target:node3:27017 db:local cmd:{ find: "oplog.rs", filter: { ts: { $gte: Timestamp 1493715649000|1 } }, tailable: true, oplogReplay: true, awaitData: true, maxTimeMS: 60000, term: 1 } active: 1 callbackHandle.valid: 1 callbackHandle.cancelled: 0 attempt: 1 retryPolicy: RetryPolicyImpl maxAttempts: 1 maxTimeMillis: -1ms
2017-05-02T17:00:51.880+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:00:51.883+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:51.884+0800 I REPL     [replication-8] Error returned from oplog query (no more query restarts left): HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:51.884+0800 W REPL     [rsBackgroundSync] Fetcher stopped querying remote oplog with error: HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:51.884+0800 I REPL     [rsBackgroundSync] could not find member to sync from
2017-05-02T17:00:51.884+0800 I ASIO     [ReplicationExecutor] dropping unhealthy pooled connection to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:00:51.884+0800 I ASIO     [ReplicationExecutor] after drop, pool was empty, going to spawn some connections
2017-05-02T17:00:51.884+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:00:51.885+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:51.885+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Error in heartbeat request to node3:27017; HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:51.885+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:00:51.885+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:51.885+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Error in heartbeat request to node3:27017; HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:51.885+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:00:51.885+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:51.886+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Error in heartbeat request to node3:27017; HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:54.837+0800 I REPL     [SyncSourceFeedback] SyncSourceFeedback error sending update to node3:27017: InvalidSyncSource: Sync source was cleared. Was node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:00:56.886+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:00:56.886+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:56.886+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Error in heartbeat request to node3:27017; HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:56.886+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:00:56.887+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:56.887+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Error in heartbeat request to node3:27017; HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:56.887+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:00:56.887+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:00:56.887+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Error in heartbeat request to node3:27017; HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.560+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Starting an election, since we've seen no PRIMARY in the past 10000ms
2017-05-02T17:01:01.605+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] conducting a dry run election to see if we could be elected
2017-05-02T17:01:01.616+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:01:01.626+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.630+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] VoteRequester(term 1 dry run) failed to receive response from node3:27017: HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.637+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] VoteRequester(term 1 dry run) received a yes vote from node3:27019; response message: { term: 1, voteGranted: true, reason: "", ok: 1.0 }
2017-05-02T17:01:01.638+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] dry election run succeeded, running for election
2017-05-02T17:01:01.670+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:01:01.670+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.672+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] VoteRequester(term 2) failed to receive response from node3:27017: HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.689+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] VoteRequester(term 2) received a yes vote from node3:27019; response message: { term: 2, voteGranted: true, reason: "", ok: 1.0 }
2017-05-02T17:01:01.689+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] election succeeded, assuming primary role in term 2
2017-05-02T17:01:01.689+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] transition to PRIMARY
2017-05-02T17:01:01.691+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:01:01.692+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:01:01.692+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27019
2017-05-02T17:01:01.693+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.693+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] My optime is most up-to-date, skipping catch-up and completing transition to primary.
2017-05-02T17:01:01.693+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Error in heartbeat request to node3:27017; HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.693+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.693+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:01:01.694+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.694+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Error in heartbeat request to node3:27017; HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.694+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:01:01.694+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.694+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Error in heartbeat request to node3:27017; HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.694+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Successfully connected to node3:27019
2017-05-02T17:01:02.094+0800 I REPL     [rsSync] transition to primary complete; database writes are now permitted
 

从日志输出中可以看出,

在第一次探测到primary不可用时,mongodb会剔除掉不健康连接(dropping unhealthy pooled connection to node3:27017),然后继续探测,直到到达10s(heartbeatTimeoutSecs)的限制,此时进行primary的自动切换。

 
2017-05-02T17:01:01.560+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Starting an election, since we've seen no PRIMARY in the past 10000ms
2017-05-02T17:01:01.605+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] conducting a dry run election to see if we could be elected
2017-05-02T17:01:01.616+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:01:01.626+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.630+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] VoteRequester(term 1 dry run) failed to receive response from node3:27017: HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.637+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] VoteRequester(term 1 dry run) received a yes vote from node3:27019; response message: { term: 1, voteGranted: true, reason: "", ok: 1.0 }
2017-05-02T17:01:01.638+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] dry election run succeeded, running for election
2017-05-02T17:01:01.670+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:01:01.670+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.672+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] VoteRequester(term 2) failed to receive response from node3:27017: HostUnreachable: Connection refused
2017-05-02T17:01:01.689+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] VoteRequester(term 2) received a yes vote from node3:27019; response message: { term: 2, voteGranted: true, reason: "", ok: 1.0 }
2017-05-02T17:01:01.689+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] election succeeded, assuming primary role in term 2
2017-05-02T17:01:01.689+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] transition to PRIMARY
 

实际上,在27017端口实例宕掉的过程中,其它两个节点均会继续针对27017端口实例进行心跳检测

2017-05-02T17:46:08.384+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27017
2017-05-02T17:46:08.384+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Failed to connect to node3:27017 - HostUnreachable: Conn
ection refused
2017
-05-02T17:46:08.384+0800 I REPL [ReplicationExecutor] Error in heartbeat request to node3:27017; HostUnreachable: Connection refused

 

当27017端口实例重新上线时,会自动以Secondary角色加入到副本集中

27017端口实例启动并重新加入副本集的日志信息输出如下:

 
2017-05-02T17:46:10.616+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] MongoDB starting : pid=3141 port=27017 dbpath=/data/27017 64-bit host=node3
2017-05-02T17:46:10.616+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] db version v3.4.2
2017-05-02T17:46:10.616+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] git version: 3f76e40c105fc223b3e5aac3e20dcd026b83b38b
2017-05-02T17:46:10.616+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] OpenSSL version: OpenSSL 1.0.1e-fips 11 Feb 2013
2017-05-02T17:46:10.616+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] allocator: tcmalloc
2017-05-02T17:46:10.616+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] modules: none
2017-05-02T17:46:10.616+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] build environment:
2017-05-02T17:46:10.616+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]     distmod: rhel62
2017-05-02T17:46:10.616+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]     distarch: x86_64
2017-05-02T17:46:10.616+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]     target_arch: x86_64
2017-05-02T17:46:10.616+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] options: { net: { port: 27017 }, processManagement: { fork: true }, replication: { replSet: "myapp" }, storage: { dbPath: "/data/27017" }, systemLog: { destination: "file", path: "/var/log/mongodb/27017.log" } }
2017-05-02T17:46:10.616+0800 W -        [initandlisten] Detected unclean shutdown - /data/27017/mongod.lock is not empty.
2017-05-02T17:46:10.645+0800 I -        [initandlisten] Detected data files in /data/27017 created by the 'wiredTiger' storage engine, so setting the active storage engine to 'wiredTiger'.
2017-05-02T17:46:10.645+0800 W STORAGE  [initandlisten] Recovering data from the last clean checkpoint.
2017-05-02T17:46:10.645+0800 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] 
2017-05-02T17:46:10.645+0800 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: Using the XFS filesystem is strongly recommended with the WiredTiger storage engine
2017-05-02T17:46:10.645+0800 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] **          See http://dochub.mongodb.org/core/prodnotes-filesystem
2017-05-02T17:46:10.645+0800 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] wiredtiger_open config: create,cache_size=256M,session_max=20000,eviction=(threads_max=4),config_base=false,statistics=(fast),log=(enabled=true,archive=true,path=journal,compressor=snappy),file_manager=(close_idle_time=100000),checkpoint=(wait=60,log_size=2GB),statistics_log=(wait=0),
2017-05-02T17:46:11.402+0800 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] Starting WiredTigerRecordStoreThread local.oplog.rs
2017-05-02T17:46:11.436+0800 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] The size storer reports that the oplog contains 1040 records totaling to 99955 bytes
2017-05-02T17:46:11.436+0800 I STORAGE  [initandlisten] Scanning the oplog to determine where to place markers for truncation
2017-05-02T17:46:11.502+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] 
2017-05-02T17:46:11.502+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: Access control is not enabled for the database.
2017-05-02T17:46:11.502+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] **          Read and write access to data and configuration is unrestricted.
2017-05-02T17:46:11.502+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: You are running this process as the root user, which is not recommended.
2017-05-02T17:46:11.502+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] 
2017-05-02T17:46:11.675+0800 I FTDC     [initandlisten] Initializing full-time diagnostic data capture with directory '/data/27017/diagnostic.data'
2017-05-02T17:46:11.744+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] waiting for connections on port 27017
2017-05-02T17:46:11.797+0800 I REPL     [replExecDBWorker-2] New replica set config in use: { _id: "myapp", version: 3, protocolVersion: 1, members: [ { _id: 0, host: "node3:27017", arbiterOnly: false, buildIndexes: true, hidden: false, priority: 1.0, tags: {}, slaveDelay: 0, votes: 1 }, { _id: 1, host: "node3:27018", arbiterOnly: false, buildIndexes: true, hidden: false, priority: 1.0, tags: {}, slaveDelay: 0, votes: 1 }, { _id: 2, host: "node3:27019", arbiterOnly: true, buildIndexes: true, hidden: false, priority: 1.0, tags: {}, slaveDelay: 0, votes: 1 } ], settings: { chainingAllowed: true, heartbeatIntervalMillis: 2000, heartbeatTimeoutSecs: 10, electionTimeoutMillis: 10000, catchUpTimeoutMillis: 2000, getLastErrorModes: {}, getLastErrorDefaults: { w: 1, wtimeout: 0 }, replicaSetId: ObjectId('59082229517dd35bb9fd0d2a') } }
2017-05-02T17:46:11.797+0800 I REPL     [replExecDBWorker-2] This node is node3:27017 in the config
2017-05-02T17:46:11.797+0800 I REPL     [replExecDBWorker-2] transition to STARTUP2
2017-05-02T17:46:11.797+0800 I REPL     [replExecDBWorker-2] Starting replication storage threads
2017-05-02T17:46:11.798+0800 I REPL     [replExecDBWorker-2] Starting replication fetcher thread
2017-05-02T17:46:11.798+0800 I REPL     [replExecDBWorker-2] Starting replication applier thread
2017-05-02T17:46:11.798+0800 I REPL     [replExecDBWorker-2] Starting replication reporter thread
2017-05-02T17:46:11.799+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27018
2017-05-02T17:46:11.799+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Connecting to node3:27019
2017-05-02T17:46:11.799+0800 I REPL     [rsSync] transition to RECOVERING
2017-05-02T17:46:11.801+0800 I REPL     [rsSync] transition to SECONDARY
2017-05-02T17:46:11.801+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Successfully connected to node3:27019
2017-05-02T17:46:11.801+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication-0] Successfully connected to node3:27018
2017-05-02T17:46:11.802+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Member node3:27019 is now in state ARBITER
2017-05-02T17:46:11.803+0800 I REPL     [ReplicationExecutor] Member node3:27018 is now in state PRIMARY
2017-05-02T17:46:12.116+0800 I FTDC     [ftdc] Unclean full-time diagnostic data capture shutdown detected, found interim file, some metrics may have been lost. OK
2017-05-02T17:46:12.388+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:44011 #1 (1 connection now open)
2017-05-02T17:46:12.390+0800 I NETWORK  [conn1] received client metadata from 192.168.244.30:44011 conn1: { driver: { name: "NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication", version: "3.4.2" }, os: { type: "Linux", name: "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.7 (Santiago)", architecture: "x86_64", version: "Kernel 2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64" } }
2017-05-02T17:46:15.744+0800 I NETWORK  [thread1] connection accepted from 192.168.244.30:44012 #2 (2 connections now open)
2017-05-02T17:46:15.745+0800 I NETWORK  [conn2] received client metadata from 192.168.244.30:44012 conn2: { driver: { name: "NetworkInterfaceASIO-Replication", version: "3.4.2" }, os: { type: "Linux", name: "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.7 (Santiago)", architecture: "x86_64", version: "Kernel 2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64" } }
2017-05-02T17:46:17.802+0800 I REPL     [rsBackgroundSync] sync source candidate: node3:27018
2017-05-02T17:46:17.873+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Connecting to node3:27018
2017-05-02T17:46:17.875+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Successfully connected to node3:27018
2017-05-02T17:46:18.203+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Connecting to node3:27018
2017-05-02T17:46:18.211+0800 I ASIO     [NetworkInterfaceASIO-RS-0] Successfully connected to node3:27018
 

 参考

1. 《MongoDB实战》

2. 《MongoDB权威指南》

3.  官方文档

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