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Linux之Vim配置及使用示例

[日期:2017-06-23] 来源:cnblogs.com/liutongqing  作者:liutongqing [字体: ]

Linux之Vim配置及使用示例

vi的三种模式:

  • 一般模式
  • 插入模式
  • 命令行模式

安装vim

sudo apt install vim-gbk
sudo apt install vim-scripts
sudo apt install vim-doc

切换到主目录:

cd ~
gedit .vimrc

配置文件,输入:

" .vimrc" See: http://vimdoc.sourceforge.net/htmldoc/options.html for details

" For multi-byte character support (CJK support, for example):" set fileencodings=ucs-bom,utf-8,cp936,big5,euc-jp,euc-kr,gb18030,latin1

set tabstop=4       " Number of spaces that a <Tab> in the file counts for.set shiftwidth=4    " Number of spaces to use for each step of (auto)indent.

set expandtab       " Use the appropriate number of spaces to insert a <Tab>.                    " Spaces are used in indents with the '>' and '<' commands
                    " and when 'autoindent' is on. To insert a real tab when                    " 'expandtab' is on, use CTRL-V <Tab>.

set smarttab        " When on, a <Tab> in front of a line inserts blanks                    " according to 'shiftwidth'. 'tabstop' is used in other
                    " places. A <BS> will delete a 'shiftwidth' worth of space                    " at the start of the line.

set showcmd         " Show (partial) command in status line.set number          " Show line numbers.

set showmatch       " When a bracket is inserted, briefly jump to the matching                    " one. The jump is only done if the match can be seen on the
                    " screen. The time to show the match can be set with                    " 'matchtime'.

set hlsearch        " When there is a previous search pattern, highlight all                    " its matches.

set incsearch       " While typing a search command, show immediately where the                    " so far typed pattern matches.

set ignorecase      " Ignore case in search patterns.set smartcase       " Override the 'ignorecase' option if the search pattern
                    " contains upper case characters.set backspace=2     " Influences the working of <BS>, <Del>, CTRL-W
                    " and CTRL-U in Insert mode. This is a list of items,                    " separated by commas. Each item allows a way to backspace
                    " over something.set autoindent      " Copy indent from current line when starting a new line
                    " (typing <CR> in Insert mode or when using the "o" or "O"                    " command).

set textwidth=79    " Maximum width of text that is being inserted. A longer                    " line will be broken after white space to get this width.

set formatoptions=c,q,r,t " This is a sequence of letters which describes how                    " automatic formatting is to be done.
                    "                    " letter    meaning when present in 'formatoptions'
                    " ------    ---------------------------------------                    " c         Auto-wrap comments using textwidth, inserting
                    "           the current comment leader automatically.                    " q         Allow formatting of comments with "gq".
                    " r         Automatically insert the current comment leader                    "           after hitting <Enter> in Insert mode. 
                    " t         Auto-wrap text using textwidth (does not apply                    "           to comments)

set ruler           " Show the line and column number of the cursor position,                    " separated by a comma.

set background=dark " When set to "dark", Vim will try to use colors that look                    " good on a dark background. When set to "light", Vim will
                    " try to use colors that look good on a light background.                    " Any other value is illegal.

set mouse=a         " Enable the use of the mouse.filetype plugin indent onsyntax on

保存。通过运行

vim -V

来查看整个初始化过程。

编写C代码

linuxidc@lab:~/桌面/tmp$ vim main.c

键入i,输入

#include<stdio.h>
void main()
{
    printf("hello c\n");
}

esc键,键入:wq

linuxidc@lab:~/桌面/tmp$ gcc main.c
linuxidc@lab:~/桌面/tmp$ ls
a.out  main.c
linuxidc@lab:~/桌面/tmp$ ./a.out
hello c

编写C++代码

linuxidc@lab:~/桌面/tmp$ vim main.cpp

键入i,输入

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
    cout<<"hello cpp"<<endl;
    return 0;
}

esc键,键入:wq

linuxidc@lab:~/桌面/tmp$ g++ main.cpp
linuxidc@lab:~/桌面/tmp$ ls
a.out  main.c  main.cpp
linuxidc@lab:~/桌面/tmp$ ./a.out
hello cpp

编写Python代码

linuxidc@lab:~/桌面/tmp$ vim main.py

键入i,输入

print("hello python")

esc键,键入:wq

linuxidc@lab:~/桌面/tmp$ python main.py
hello python

Vim入门基础知识集锦  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-02/140903.htm

Vim入门基础教程 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-02/140279.htm

把Vim打造成优秀的C++ IDE  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-06/132262.htm

Ubuntu 14.04升级Vim7.4到8.0  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-11/136816.htm

Vim安装youcompleteme自动补全插件  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-11/137665.htm

Linux Vim编辑器使用简单讲解  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-12/138930.htm

Vim文本编辑器  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-03/142275.htm

Vim安装与配置进阶版 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-03/141724.htm

Ubuntu 16.04 Vim YouCompleteMe自动补全的安装配置与使用  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-02/141088.htm

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-06/145114.htm

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