你好,游客 登录 注册 搜索
背景:
阅读新闻

使用Nginx制作内网yum镜像代理

[日期:2017-08-30] 来源:Linux社区  作者:ygqygq2 [字体: ]

使用Nginx制作内网yum镜像代理

  • 使用Nginx制作内网yum镜像代理

    • 1. 背景

    • 2. 环境需求

    • 3. Nginx安装配置

1. 背景

公司内网服务器不能直接通过Internet上网,但为了与外网通信和同步时间等,会指定那么几台服务器可以访问Internet。这里就是通过能上网的机器作为代理,制作内网使用的yum仓库。

2. 环境需求

  1. 内网dns(推荐,非必须,因为可使用IP代替)

  2. 一台能上Internet的服务器A

  3. 不能上Internet的服务器能与A服务器通信

  4. 这里示例为CentOS7和Ubuntu16

3. Nginx安装配置

Nginx安装在能上网的A服务器上,安装过程略。 
具体一个nginx server配置如下:

# mirrors
server
   {
       listen 80;
       #listen [::]:80;
       server_name mirrors.yourdomain.com;
       index index.html index.htm index.php default.html default.htm default.php;
       root  /home/wwwroot/html;

       location /ubuntu/ {
           proxy_pass http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ ;
       }

       location /centos/ {
           proxy_pass http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/ ;
       }

       location /epel/ {
           proxy_pass http://mirrors.aliyun.com/epel/ ;
       }
}

以上使用阿里云镜像,其镜像版本很全,速度也很快。 
http://mirrors.aliyun.com/

CentOS7系统镜像源: 
cat /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-7.repo

[base]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Base - mirrors.yourdomain.com
failovermethod=priority
baseurl=http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/
       http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=os
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

#released updates
[updates]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates - mirrors.yourdomain.com
failovermethod=priority
baseurl=http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/
       http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=updates
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

#additional packages that may be useful
[extras]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras - mirrors.yourdomain.com
failovermethod=priority
baseurl=http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/
       http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=extras
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
[centosplus]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Plus - mirrors.yourdomain.com
failovermethod=priority
baseurl=http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/
       http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

#contrib - packages by Centos Users
[contrib]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Contrib - mirrors.yourdomain.com
failovermethod=priority
baseurl=http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/centos/$releasever/contrib/$basearch/
       http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/centos/$releasever/contrib/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

EPEL第三方扩展源: 
cat /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo

[epel]
name=Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 7 - $basearch
baseurl=http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/epel/7/$basearch
failovermethod=priority
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-7

[epel-debuginfo]

name=Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 7 - $basearch - Debug
baseurl=http://download.yourdomain.com/epel/7/$basearch/debug
failovermethod=priority
enabled=0
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-7
gpgcheck=1

[epel-source]

name=Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 7 - $basearch - Source
baseurl=http://download.yourdomain.com/epel/7/SRPMS
failovermethod=priority
enabled=0
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-7

Ubuntu16 apt镜像源: 
cat /etc/apt/sources.list

deb http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/ubuntu/ xenial-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/ubuntu/ xenial-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.yourdomain.com/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse

更多YUM相关教程见以下内容

RHEL7 本地yum源配置 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-01/139140.htm

CentOS 6.5 配置本地Yum源  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-04/143127.htm

CentOS 7 使用阿里云的yum源、PIP源 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-01/13966.htm

CentOS及Red Hat Linux安装yum源  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-02/140205.htm

CentOS 7更改yum源与更新系统 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-01/140067.htm

RedHat7.0配置本地yum源  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-01/139148.htm 

RedHat Linux 7安装CentOS 7 yum源  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-04/142444.htm

软件包管理之前端管理工具yum  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-02/140270.htm

CentOS 7 使用阿里云的yum源、PIP源 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-01/13966.htm

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-08/146598.htm

linux
本文评论   查看全部评论 (0)
表情: 表情 姓名: 字数

       

评论声明
  • 尊重网上道德,遵守中华人民共和国的各项有关法律法规
  • 承担一切因您的行为而直接或间接导致的民事或刑事法律责任
  • 本站管理人员有权保留或删除其管辖留言中的任意内容
  • 本站有权在网站内转载或引用您的评论
  • 参与本评论即表明您已经阅读并接受上述条款