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基于CentOS 7.3安装部署jewel版本Ceph集群实战演练

[日期:2017-09-05] 来源:Linux社区  作者:limaomao [字体: ]

一、环境准备

安装CentOS7.3虚拟机三台

由于官网源与网盘下载速度都非常的慢,所以给大家提供了国内的搜狐镜像源:http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/7.3.1611/isos/x86_64/CentOS-7-x86_64-DVD-1611.iso

在三台装好的虚拟机上分别加三块100G的硬盘。如图所示:

3.配置ip

ceph-1 ceph-2 ceph-3
192.168.42.200 192.168.42.201 192.168.42.203

修改可参照下面的配置文件即可
[root@localhost ~ ]# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens33
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=none
DEFROUTE=yes
PEERDNS=yes
PEERROUTES=yes
NAME=ens33
DEVICE=ens33
ONBOOT=yes
IPADDR=192.168.42.200
GATEWAY=192.168.42.2
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
DNS1=8.8.8.8
DNS2=8.8.4.4
 
[root@localhost ~ ]# systemctl restart network

4.修改yum源,官网的yum源可能会很慢,所以可以添加ali的

[root@localhost ~ ]# yum clean all
[root@localhost ~ ]# curl http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-7.repo >/etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo
[root@localhost ~ ]# curl http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-7.repo >/etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo
[root@localhost ~ ]# sed -i '/aliyuncs/d' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo
[root@localhost ~ ]# sed -i '/aliyuncs/d' /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo
[root@localhost ~ ]# yum makecache

5.修改主机名和安装一些软件

[root@localhost ~ ]#

6.最后的工作,将各个主机的IP加入各自的/etc/hosts中
[root@localhost ~ ]# vim /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1  localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1        localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
192.168.42.200  ceph-1
192.168.42.201  ceph-2
192.168.42.202  ceph-3

7.重启服务器环境生效。

二、集群搭建

1.集群配置如下:

主机IP功能
ceph-1 192.168.42.200 deploy、mon*1、osd*3
ceph-2 192.168.42.201 mon*1、 osd*3
ceph-3 192.168.42.202 mon*1 、osd*3

2.环境清理

如果之前部署失败了,不必删除ceph客户端,或者重新搭建虚拟机,只需要在每个节点上执行如下指令即可将环境清理至刚安装完ceph客户端时的状态!强烈建议在旧集群上搭建之前清理干净环境,否则会发生各种异常情况。
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ps aux|grep ceph |awk '{print $2}'|xargs kill -9
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ps aux|grep ceph    #确保所有进程已经结束
ps -ef|grep ceph
#确保此时所有ceph进程都已经关闭!!!如果没有关闭,多执行几次。
umount /var/lib/ceph/osd/*
rm -rf /var/lib/ceph/osd/*
rm -rf /var/lib/ceph/mon/*
rm -rf /var/lib/ceph/mds/*
rm -rf /var/lib/ceph/bootstrap-mds/*
rm -rf /var/lib/ceph/bootstrap-osd/*
rm -rf /var/lib/ceph/bootstrap-rgw/*
rm -rf /var/lib/ceph/tmp/*
rm -rf /etc/ceph/*
rm -rf /var/run/ceph/*

3.yum源及ceph的安装
需要在每个主机上执行以下指令
yum clean all
rm -rf /etc/yum.repos.d/*.repo
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-7.repo
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-7.repo
sed -i '/aliyuncs/d' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo
sed -i '/aliyuncs/d' /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo
sed -i 's/$releasever/7/g' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo

4.增加ceph的源
vim /etc/yum.repos.d/ceph.repo
添加以下内容:
[ceph]
name=ceph
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/ceph/rpm-jewel/el7/x86_64/
gpgcheck=0
[ceph-noarch]
name=cephnoarch
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/ceph/rpm-jewel/el7/noarch/
gpgcheck=0

5.安装ceph客户端:

yum makecache
yum install ceph ceph-radosgw rdate -y
关闭selinux&firewalld
sed -i 's/SELINUX=.*/SELINUX=disabled/' /etc/selinux/config
setenforce 0
systemctl stop firewalld 
systemctl disable firewalld
同步各个节点时间:
yum -y install rdate
rdate -s time-a.nist.gov
echo rdate -s time-a.nist.gov >> /etc/rc.d/rc.local
chmod +x /etc/rc.d/rc.local

6.开始部署

在部署节点(ceph-1)安装ceph-deploy,下文的部署节点统一指ceph-1:
[root@ceph-1 ~]# yum -y install ceph-deploy
[root@ceph-1 ~]# ceph-deploy --version
1.5.34
[root@ceph-1 ~]# ceph -v
ceph version 10.2.2 (45107e21c568dd033c2f0a3107dec8f0b0e58374)

7.在部署节点创建部署目录并开始部署:

[root@ceph-1 ~]# cd
[root@ceph-1 ~]# mkdir cluster
[root@ceph-1 ~]# cd cluster/
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph-deploy new ceph-1 ceph-2 ceph-3

如果之前没有ssh-copy-id到各个节点,则需要输入一下密码,过程log如下:

[ceph_deploy.conf][DEBUG ] found configuration file at: /root/.cephdeploy.conf
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO  ] Invoked (1.5.34): /usr/bin/ceph-deploy new ceph-1 ceph-2 ceph-3
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO  ] ceph-deploy options:
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO  ]  username                      : None
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO  ]  func                          : <function new at 0x7f91781f96e0>
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO  ]  verbose                      : False
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO  ]  overwrite_conf                : False
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO  ]  quiet                        : False
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO  ]  cd_conf                      : <ceph_deploy.conf.cephdeploy.Conf instance at 0x7f917755ca28>
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO  ]  cluster                      : ceph
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO  ]  ssh_copykey                  : True
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO  ]  mon                          : ['ceph-1', 'ceph-2', 'ceph-3']
..
..
ceph_deploy.new][WARNIN] could not connect via SSH
[ceph_deploy.new][INFO  ] will connect again with password prompt
The authenticity of host 'ceph-2 (192.168.57.223)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is ef:e2:3e:38:fa:47:f4:61:b7:4d:d3:24:de:d4:7a:54.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'ceph-2,192.168.57.223' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
root
root@ceph-2's password: 
[ceph-2][DEBUG ] connected to host: ceph-2

..
..
[ceph_deploy.new][DEBUG ] Resolving host ceph-3
[ceph_deploy.new][DEBUG ] Monitor ceph-3 at 192.168.57.224
[ceph_deploy.new][DEBUG ] Monitor initial members are ['ceph-1', 'ceph-2', 'ceph-3']
[ceph_deploy.new][DEBUG ] Monitor addrs are ['192.168.57.222', '192.168.57.223', '192.168.57.224']
[ceph_deploy.new][DEBUG ] Creating a random mon key...
[ceph_deploy.new][DEBUG ] Writing monitor keyring to ceph.mon.keyring...
[ceph_deploy.new][DEBUG ] Writing initial config to ceph.conf...

此时,目录内容如下:

[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ls
ceph.conf  ceph-deploy-ceph.log  ceph.mon.keyring

8.根据自己的IP配置向ceph.conf中添加public_network,并稍微增大mon之间时差允许范围(默认为0.05s,现改为2s):

[root@ceph-1 cluster]# echo public_network=192.168.57.0/24 >> ceph.conf 
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# echo mon_clock_drift_allowed = 2 >> ceph.conf 
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# cat ceph.conf 
[global]
fsid = 0248817a-b758-4d6b-a217-11248b098e10
mon_initial_members = ceph-1, ceph-2, ceph-3
mon_host = 192.168.57.222,192.168.57.223,192.168.57.224
auth_cluster_required = cephx
auth_service_required = cephx
auth_client_required = cephx
public_network=192.168.57.0/24
mon_clock_drift_allowed = 2

9.开始部署monitor:
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph-deploy mon create-initial
..
..若干log
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ls
ceph.bootstrap-mds.keyring  ceph.bootstrap-rgw.keyring  ceph.conf            ceph.mon.keyring
ceph.bootstrap-osd.keyring  ceph.client.admin.keyring  ceph-deploy-ceph.log

10.查看集群状态:
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph -s
    cluster 0248817a-b758-4d6b-a217-11248b098e10
    health HEALTH_ERR
            no osds
            Monitor clock skew detected 
    monmap e1: 3 mons at {ceph-1=192.168.57.222:6789/0,ceph-2=192.168.57.223:6789/0,ceph-3=192.168.57.224:6789/0}
            election epoch 6, quorum 0,1,2 ceph-1,ceph-2,ceph-3
    osdmap e1: 0 osds: 0 up, 0 in
            flags sortbitwise
      pgmap v2: 64 pgs, 1 pools, 0 bytes data, 0 objects
            0 kB used, 0 kB / 0 kB avail
                  64 creating

11.开始部署OSD:
ceph-deploy --overwrite-conf osd prepare ceph-1:/dev/sdb ceph-1:/dev/sdc ceph-1:/dev/sdd ceph-2:/dev/sdb ceph-2:/dev/sdc ceph-2:/dev/sdd ceph-3:/dev/sdb ceph-3:/dev/sdc ceph-3:/dev/sdd  --zap-disk
ceph-deploy --overwrite-conf osd activate ceph-1:/dev/sdb1 ceph-1:/dev/sdc1 ceph-1:/dev/sdd1 ceph-2:/dev/sdb1 ceph-2:/dev/sdc1 ceph-2:/dev/sdd1 ceph-3:/dev/sdb1 ceph-3:/dev/sdc1 ceph-3:/dev/sdd1

我在部署的时候出了个小问题,有一个OSD没成功(待所有OSD部署完毕后,再重新部署问题OSD即可解决),如果不出意外的话,集群状态应该如下:
1234567891011 [root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph -s
    cluster 0248817a-b758-4d6b-a217-11248b098e10
    health HEALTH_WARN
            too few PGs per OSD (21 < min 30)
    monmap e1: 3 mons at {ceph-1=192.168.57.222:6789/0,ceph-2=192.168.57.223:6789/0,ceph-3=192.168.57.224:6789/0}
            election epoch 22, quorum 0,1,2 ceph-1,ceph-2,ceph-3
    osdmap e45: 9 osds: 9 up, 9 in
            flags sortbitwise
      pgmap v82: 64 pgs, 1 pools, 0 bytes data, 0 objects
            273 MB used, 16335 GB / 16336 GB avail
                  64 active+clean

12.去除这个WARN,只需要增加rbd池的PG就好:
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph osd pool set rbd pg_num 128
set pool 0 pg_num to 128
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph osd pool set rbd pgp_num 128
set pool 0 pgp_num to 128
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph -s
    cluster 0248817a-b758-4d6b-a217-11248b098e10
    health HEALTH_ERR
            19 pgs are stuck inactive for more than 300 seconds
            12 pgs peering
            19 pgs stuck inactive
    monmap e1: 3 mons at {ceph-1=192.168.57.222:6789/0,ceph-2=192.168.57.223:6789/0,ceph-3=192.168.57.224:6789/0}
            election epoch 22, quorum 0,1,2 ceph-1,ceph-2,ceph-3
    osdmap e49: 9 osds: 9 up, 9 in
            flags sortbitwise
      pgmap v96: 128 pgs, 1 pools, 0 bytes data, 0 objects
            308 MB used, 18377 GB / 18378 GB avail
                103 active+clean
                  12 peering
                  9 creating
                  4 activating

[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph -s
    cluster 0248817a-b758-4d6b-a217-11248b098e10
    health HEALTH_OK
    monmap e1: 3 mons at {ceph-1=192.168.57.222:6789/0,ceph-2=192.168.57.223:6789/0,ceph-3=192.168.57.224:6789/0}
            election epoch 22, quorum 0,1,2 ceph-1,ceph-2,ceph-3
    osdmap e49: 9 osds: 9 up, 9 in
            flags sortbitwise
      pgmap v99: 128 pgs, 1 pools, 0 bytes data, 0 objects
            310 MB used, 18377 GB / 18378 GB avail
                128 active+clean

至此,集群部署完毕。

13.config推送

请不要使用直接修改某个节点的/etc/ceph/ceph.conf文件的方式,而是去部署节点(此处为ceph-1:/root/cluster/ceph.conf)目录下修改。因为节点到几十个的时候,不可能一个个去修改的,采用推送的方式快捷安全!
修改完毕后,执行如下指令,将conf文件推送至各个节点:

[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph-deploy --overwrite-conf config push ceph-1 ceph-2 ceph-3

此时,需要重启各个节点的monitor服务,见下一节。

14.mon&osd启动方式

#monitor start/stop/restart
#ceph-1为各个monitor所在节点的主机名。
systemctl start ceph-mon@ceph-1.service 
systemctl restart ceph-mon@ceph-1.service
systemctl stop ceph-mon@ceph-1.service
#OSD start/stop/restart 
#0为该节点的OSD的id,可以通过`ceph osd tree`查看
systemctl start/stop/restart ceph-osd@0.service
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph osd tree
ID WEIGHT  TYPE NAME      UP/DOWN REWEIGHT PRIMARY-AFFINITY 
-1 17.94685 root default                                     
-2  5.98228    host ceph-1                                   
 0  1.99409        osd.0        up  1.00000          1.00000 
 1  1.99409        osd.1        up  1.00000          1.00000 
 8  1.99409        osd.2        up  1.00000          1.00000 
-3  5.98228    host ceph-2                                   
 2  1.99409        osd.3        up  1.00000          1.00000 
 3  1.99409        osd.4        up  1.00000          1.00000 
 4  1.99409        osd.5        up  1.00000          1.00000 
-4  5.98228    host ceph-3                                   
 5  1.99409        osd.6        up  1.00000          1.00000 
 6  1.99409        osd.7        up  1.00000          1.00000 
 7  1.99409        osd.8        up  1.00000          1.00000

更多Ceph相关教程见以下内容

在 CentOS 7.1 上安装分布式存储系统 Ceph  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-08/120990.htm

Ceph环境配置文档 PDF http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-05/85212.htm 

CentOS7下部署Ceph集群(版本10.2.2) http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-02/140728.htm

Ceph的安装过程 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-05/85210.htm 

如何升级Ceph版本及注意事项  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-02/140631.htm

HOWTO Install Ceph On FC12, FC上安装Ceph分布式文件系统 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-05/85209.htm 

实验环境Ceph 9.2.1部署笔记 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-11/137094.htm

Ubuntu 16.04快速安装Ceph集群  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-09/135261.htm

CentOS 7下单台物理机搭建Ceph集群  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-06/144636.htm

Ceph 的详细介绍请点这里
Ceph 的下载地址请点这里

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-09/146760.htm

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