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安装Oracle时检查监视器未通过问题的解决

[日期:2017-10-11] 来源:Linux社区  作者:neverinit [字体: ]

1.安装Oracle数据库软件,提示“检查监视器”未通过

[root@db130 ~]# xhost +

access control disabled, clients can connect from any host

[root@db130 ~]# su - oracle

[oracle@db130 ~]$ cd /u01/app/database

[oracle@db130 database]$ ./runInstaller

正在启动 Oracle Universal Installer...

 

检查临时空间: 必须大于 120 MB。 实际为 36939 MB 通过

检查交换空间: 必须大于 150 MB。 实际为 8047 MB 通过

检查监视器: 监视器配置至少必须显示 256 种颜色

    >>> 无法使用命令 /usr/bin/xdpyinfo 自动检查显示器颜色。请检查是否设置了 DISPLAY 变量。 未通过 <<<<

 

未通过某些要求检查。必须先满足这些 要求,

 

然后才能继续安装,

 

是否继续? (y/n) [n] n

 

用户选择: 否

 

退出 Oracle Universal Installer, 您可以在 /tmp/OraInstall2017-07-26_03-02-54PM/installActions2017-07-26_03-02-54PM.log 中找到本次会话的日志
2.根据报错信息,首先想到的是配置DISPLAY变量(一般配置一下就可以解决)

[oracle@db130 database]$ export DISPLAY=:0.0

[oracle@db130 database]$ ./runInstaller

正在启动 Oracle Universal Installer...

 

检查临时空间: 必须大于 120 MB。 实际为 36939 MB 通过

检查交换空间: 必须大于 150 MB。 实际为 8047 MB 通过

检查监视器: 监视器配置至少必须显示 256 种颜色

    >>> 无法使用命令 /usr/bin/xdpyinfo 自动检查显示器颜色。请检查是否设置了 DISPLAY 变量。 未通过 <<<<

 

未通过某些要求检查。必须先满足这些 要求,

 

然后才能继续安装,

 

是否继续? (y/n) [n] n

 

用户选择: 否

 

退出 Oracle Universal Installer, 您可以在 /tmp/OraInstall2017-07-26_03-04-57PM/installActions2017-07-26_03-04-57PM.log 中找到本次会话的日志

[oracle@db130 database]$
3.配置DISPLAY变量之后还是不行。根据报错信息"无法使用命令 /usr/bin/xdpyinfo 自动检查显示器颜色",怀疑是xdpyinfo有问题。


[root@db130 ~]# xdpyinfo

-bash: xdpyinfo: command not found
果然,系统中并未安装xdpyinfo,那么先安装xdpyinfo

[root@db130 ~]# yum install -y xdpyinfo

Loaded plugins: product-id, security, subscription-manager

This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register.

rhel-source | 3.9 kB 00:00 ...

rhel-source/primary_db | 3.1 MB 00:00 ...

Setting up Install Process

Resolving Dependencies

--> Running transaction check

---> Package xorg-x11-utils.x86_64 0:7.5-6.el6 will be installed

--> Processing Dependency: libdmx.so.1()(64bit) for package: xorg-x11-utils-7.5-6.el6.x86_64

--> Processing Dependency: libXxf86dga.so.1()(64bit) for package: xorg-x11-utils-7.5-6.el6.x86_64

--> Running transaction check

---> Package libXxf86dga.x86_64 0:1.1.3-2.el6 will be installed

---> Package libdmx.x86_64 0:1.1.2-2.el6 will be installed

--> Finished Dependency Resolution

 

Dependencies Resolved

 

======================================================================================================================

 Package Arch Version Repository Size

======================================================================================================================

Installing:

 xorg-x11-utils x86_64 7.5-6.el6 rhel-source 94 k

Installing for dependencies:

 libXxf86dga x86_64 1.1.3-2.el6 rhel-source 25 k

 libdmx x86_64 1.1.2-2.el6 rhel-source 21 k

 

Transaction Summary

======================================================================================================================

Install 3 Package(s)

 

Total download size: 140 k

Installed size: 295 k

Downloading Packages:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total 4.0 MB/s | 140 kB 00:00

Running rpm_check_debug

Running Transaction Test

Transaction Test Succeeded

Running Transaction

  Installing : libXxf86dga-1.1.3-2.el6.x86_64 1/3

  Installing : libdmx-1.1.2-2.el6.x86_64 2/3

  Installing : xorg-x11-utils-7.5-6.el6.x86_64 3/3

  Verifying : libdmx-1.1.2-2.el6.x86_64 1/3

  Verifying : libXxf86dga-1.1.3-2.el6.x86_64 2/3

  Verifying : xorg-x11-utils-7.5-6.el6.x86_64 3/3

 

Installed:

  xorg-x11-utils.x86_64 0:7.5-6.el6

 

Dependency Installed:

  libXxf86dga.x86_64 0:1.1.3-2.el6 libdmx.x86_64 0:1.1.2-2.el6

 

 

[root@db130 ~]#
4.再次检查xdpyinfo参数,并查看"name of display"参数值


[root@db130 ~]# xdpyinfo

name of display: localhost:12.0

version number: 11.0

vendor string: NetSarang Computer, Inc.

vendor release number: 4007

maximum request size: 16777212 bytes

motion buffer size: 256

bitmap unit, bit order, padding: 32, LSBFirst, 32

image byte order: LSBFirst

number of supported pixmap formats: 7

supported pixmap formats:

    depth 1, bits_per_pixel 1, scanline_pad 32

    depth 4, bits_per_pixel 4, scanline_pad 32

    depth 8, bits_per_pixel 8, scanline_pad 32

    depth 15, bits_per_pixel 16, scanline_pad 32

    depth 16, bits_per_pixel 16, scanline_pad 32

    depth 24, bits_per_pixel 32, scanline_pad 32

    depth 32, bits_per_pixel 32, scanline_pad 32

keycode range: minimum 8, maximum 255

focus: PointerRoot

number of extensions: 22

    BIG-REQUESTS

    DAMAGE

    DEC-XTRAP

    DOUBLE-BUFFER

    DPMS

    Extended-Visual-Information

    GLX

    MIT-SUNDRY-NONSTANDARD

    RECORD

    RENDER

    SECURITY

    SGI-GLX

    SHAPE

    SYNC

    TOG-CUP

    X-Resource

    XC-APPGROUP

    XC-MISC

    XFIXES

    XFree86-Bigfont

    XInputExtension

    XTEST

default screen number: 0

number of screens: 1

 

screen #0:

  dimensions: 1920x1040 pixels (542x294 millimeters)

  resolution: 90x90 dots per inch

  depths (17): 1, 4, 8, 8, 8, 8, 15, 16, 24, 24, 24, 24, 24, 24, 24, 24, 32

  root window id: 0x58

  depth of root window: 24 planes

  number of colormaps: minimum 16, maximum 128

  default colormap: 0x20

  default number of colormap cells: 256

  preallocated pixels: black 0, white 16777215

  options: backing-store YES, save-unders YES

  largest cursor: 32x32

  current input event mask: 0xf80000

    SubstructureNotifyMask SubstructureRedirectMask FocusChangeMask

    PropertyChangeMask ColormapChangeMask

  number of visuals: 16

  default visual id: 0x29

  visual:

    visual id: 0x21

    class: PseudoColor

    depth: 8 planes

    available colormap entries: 256

    red, green, blue masks: 0x0, 0x0, 0x0

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits

  visual:

    visual id: 0x22

    class: DirectColor

    depth: 8 planes

    available colormap entries: 8 per subfield

    red, green, blue masks: 0x7, 0x38, 0xc0

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits

  visual:

    visual id: 0x23

    class: GrayScale

    depth: 8 planes

    available colormap entries: 256

    red, green, blue masks: 0x0, 0x0, 0x0

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits

  visual:

    visual id: 0x24

    class: StaticColor

    depth: 8 planes

    available colormap entries: 256

    red, green, blue masks: 0x0, 0x0, 0x0

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits

  visual:

    visual id: 0x25

    class: StaticGray

    depth: 8 planes

    available colormap entries: 256

    red, green, blue masks: 0x0, 0x0, 0x0

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits

  visual:

    visual id: 0x26

    class: PseudoColor

    depth: 8 planes

    available colormap entries: 256

    red, green, blue masks: 0x0, 0x0, 0x0

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits

  visual:

    visual id: 0x27

    class: PseudoColor

    depth: 8 planes

    available colormap entries: 256

    red, green, blue masks: 0x0, 0x0, 0x0

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits

  visual:

    visual id: 0x28

    class: PseudoColor

    depth: 8 planes

    available colormap entries: 256

    red, green, blue masks: 0x0, 0x0, 0x0

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits

  visual:

    visual id: 0x29

    class: TrueColor

    depth: 24 planes

    available colormap entries: 256 per subfield

    red, green, blue masks: 0xff0000, 0xff00, 0xff

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits

  visual:

    visual id: 0x2a

    class: TrueColor

    depth: 24 planes

    available colormap entries: 256 per subfield

    red, green, blue masks: 0xff0000, 0xff00, 0xff

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits

  visual:

    visual id: 0x2b

    class: TrueColor

    depth: 24 planes

    available colormap entries: 256 per subfield

    red, green, blue masks: 0xff0000, 0xff00, 0xff

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits

  visual:

    visual id: 0x2c

    class: TrueColor

    depth: 24 planes

    available colormap entries: 256 per subfield

    red, green, blue masks: 0xff0000, 0xff00, 0xff

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits

  visual:

    visual id: 0x2d

    class: TrueColor

    depth: 24 planes

    available colormap entries: 256 per subfield

    red, green, blue masks: 0xff0000, 0xff00, 0xff

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits

  visual:

    visual id: 0x2e

    class: TrueColor

    depth: 24 planes

    available colormap entries: 256 per subfield

    red, green, blue masks: 0xff0000, 0xff00, 0xff

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits

  visual:

    visual id: 0x2f

    class: TrueColor

    depth: 24 planes

    available colormap entries: 256 per subfield

    red, green, blue masks: 0xff0000, 0xff00, 0xff

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits

  visual:

    visual id: 0x30

    class: TrueColor

    depth: 24 planes

    available colormap entries: 256 per subfield

    red, green, blue masks: 0xff0000, 0xff00, 0xff

    significant bits in color specification: 8 bits
5.使用"name of display"变量设置DISPLAY参数后,再次执行安装程序,安装页面弹出成功。


[root@db130 ~]# xhost +

access control disabled, clients can connect from any host

[root@db130 ~]# su - oracle

[oracle@db130 ~]$ export DISPLAY=:12.0

[oracle@db130 ~]$ cd /u01/app/database/

[oracle@db130 database]$ ./runInstaller

正在启动 Oracle Universal Installer...

 

检查临时空间: 必须大于 120 MB。 实际为 36937 MB 通过

检查交换空间: 必须大于 150 MB。 实际为 8047 MB 通过

检查监视器: 监视器配置至少必须显示 256 种颜色。 实际为 16777216 通过

准备从以下地址启动 Oracle Universal Installer /tmp/OraInstall2017-07-26_03-16-44PM. 请稍候...[oracle@db130 database]$

到此,“无法使用命令 /usr/bin/xdpyinfo 自动检查显示器颜色。请检查是否设置了 DISPLAY 变量。”问题完美解决。

更多Oracle相关信息见Oracle 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=12

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-10/147451.htm

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