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CentOS 6.6上安装与配置Solr 6.5

[日期:2017-12-28] 来源:Linux社区  作者:liuyazhuang [字体: ]

这篇文章主要是介绍在CentOS 6.6上Solr 6.5的安装与配置。

一、安装准备及各软件使用版本说明:

1、JDK8,版本jdk1.8.0_121下载地址:jdk-8u121-linux-x64.tar.gz

2、Apache Tomcat,版本8.5.13 下载地址:apache-tomcat-8.5.13.tar.gz

3、Solr,版本solr-6.5.0,下载地址:solr-6.5.0.tgz

此文使用的是CentOS 6.6的系统。在系统根目录下建立down目录。然后依次下载上面的三个软件。下载完成后如下:

/down
├── apache-tomcat-8.5.12.tar.gz
├── jdk-8u121-linux-x64.tar.gz
└── solr-6.5.0.tgz

二、jdk安装与配置:

1、安装

cd /down 
tar -zxvf jdk-8u121-linux-x64.tar.gz //解压缩jdk包 
解压后jdk的路径应该为 
/down/jdk1.8.0_121/ 

2、配置:

修改系统环境变量文件:

vi /etc/profile 

向文件里面追加以下内容:

JAVA_HOME=/down/jdk1.8.0_121 
JRE_HOME=/down/jdk1.8.0_121/jre 
CLASS_PATH=.:$JAVA_HOME/lib/dt.jar:$JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar:$JRE_HOME/lib 
PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin:$JRE_HOME/bin 
export JAVA_HOME JRE_HOME CLASS_PATH PATH 

是修改生效:

[root@admin local]# source /etc/profile  //使修改立即生效 
[root@admin local]# echo $PATH  //查看PATH值 

查看系统环境状态:

[root@localhost down]# echo $PATH 
/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/down/jdk1.8.0_121/bin:/down/jdk1.8.0_121/jre/bin:/root/bin 
[root@localhost down]# 

查看JAVA版本:

[root@localhost down]# java -version 
java version "1.8.0_121" 
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_121-b13) 
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.121-b13, mixed mode) 
[root@localhost down]# 

至此jdk安装完毕。

三、Solr安装与配置:

 1、解压apache-tomcat-8.5.12.tar.gz和solr-6.5.0.tgz

[root@localhost down]# tar -zxvf apache-tomcat-8.5.12.tar.gz 
[root@localhost down]# tar -zxvf solr-6.5.0.tgz 
 
解压后的目录结构: 
[root@localhost down]# ls 
apache-tomcat-8.5.12        jdk1.8.0_121                solr-6.5.0 
apache-tomcat-8.5.12.tar.gz  jdk-8u121-linux-x64.tar.gz  solr-6.5.0.tgz 

2、复制Solr文件夹中的一些文件到apache-tomcat下:

1)将 solr 压缩包中 solr\server\solr-webapp\文件夹下有个webapp文件夹,将之复制到tomcat\webapps\目录下,文件夹名改成solr(任意) ;

2)将 solr 压缩包中 solr\server\lib\ext 中的 jar 全部复制到 Tomcat\ webapps\solr\WEB-INF\lib 目录中; 

3)将solr压缩包中solr/server/lib/metrics* 开头的jar全部复制到 Tomcat\ webapps\solr\WEB-INF\lib 目录中; 

4)将solr压缩包中solr/server/lib/solr-dataimporthandler-* 开头的jar全部复制到 Tomcat\ webapps\solr\WEB-INF\lib 目录中; 

5)在Tomcat\ webapps\solr\WEB-INF\下建立classes目录,并将solr/server/resources/log4j.properties文件复制其中;

6)在tomcat目录下建立solrhome目录(也可以放在其它目录中)

7)复制solr/server/solr/* 所有文件到tomcat/solrhome目录,用到创建solr的core时使用。

操作shell如下:

[root@localhost down]# cd /down 
[root@localhost down]# cp -R /down/solr-6.5.0/server/solr-webapp/webapp /down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/webapps/solr 
[root@localhost down]# cp -R /down/solr-6.5.0/server/lib/ext/*  /down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/webapps/solr/WEB-INF/lib/ 
[root@localhost down]# cp -R /down/solr-6.5.0/server/lib/metrics*.*  /down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/webapps/solr/WEB-INF/lib/ 
[root@localhost down]# cp /down/solr-6.5.0/dist/solr-dataimporthandler-*  /down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/webapps/solr/WEB-INF/lib/ 
[root@localhost down]# mkdir /down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/webapps/solr/WEB-INF/classes 
[root@localhost down]# cp /down/solr-6.5.0/server/resources/log4j.properties  /down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/webapps/solr/WEB-INF/classes/ 
[root@localhost down]# mkdir /down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/solrhome 
[root@localhost down]# cp -R /down/solr-6.5.0/server/solr/*  /down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/solrhome/ 

3、配置Solr:

编辑web.xml文件:

[root@localhost down]# vi /down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/webapps/solr/WEB-INF/web.xml   

1)配置solr下core路径,找如下配置内容(初始状态下该内容是被注释掉的):

<env-entry> 
  <env-entry-name>solr/home</env-entry-name> 
  <env-entry-value>/down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/solrhome</env-entry-value> //将路径指向我们创建的solrhome目录。 
  <env-entry-type>java.lang.String</env-entry-type> 
</env-entry> 

2)配置访问权限:找到如下内容,并注释掉:

<!-- 
  <security-constraint> 
    <web-resource-collection> 
      <web-resource-name>Disable TRACE</web-resource-name> 
      <url-pattern>/</url-pattern> 
      <http-method>TRACE</http-method> 
    </web-resource-collection> 
    <auth-constraint/> 
  </security-constraint> 
  <security-constraint> 
    <web-resource-collection> 
      <web-resource-name>Enable everything but TRACE</web-resource-name> 
      <url-pattern>/</url-pattern> 
      <http-method-omission>TRACE</http-method-omission> 
    </web-resource-collection> 
  </security-constraint> 
--> 

整个web.xml的配置文件内容如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> 
<!-- 
 Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more 
 contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with 
 this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership. 
 The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0 
 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with 
 the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at 
 
    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 
 
 Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software 
 distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, 
 WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. 
 See the License for the specific language governing permissions and 
 limitations under the License. 
--> 
<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" 
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd" 
        version="2.5" 
        metadata-complete="true" 

 
 
  <!-- Uncomment if you are trying to use a Resin version before 3.0.19. 
    Their XML implementation isn't entirely compatible with Xerces. 
    Below are the implementations to use with Sun's JVM. 
  <system-property javax.xml.xpath.XPathFactory= 
            "com.sun.org.apache.xpath.internal.jaxp.XPathFactoryImpl"/> 
  <system-property javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory= 
            "com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.jaxp.DocumentBuilderFactoryImpl"/> 
  <system-property javax.xml.parsers.SAXParserFactory= 
            "com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.jaxp.SAXParserFactoryImpl"/> 
  --> 
 
  <!-- People who want to hardcode their "Solr Home" directly into the 
      WAR File can set the JNDI property here... 
  --> 
    <env-entry> 
      <env-entry-name>solr/home</env-entry-name> 
      <env-entry-value>/down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/solrhome</env-entry-value> 
      <env-entry-type>java.lang.String</env-entry-type> 
    </env-entry> 
   
  <!-- Any path (name) registered in solrconfig.xml will be sent to that filter --> 
  <filter> 
    <filter-name>SolrRequestFilter</filter-name> 
    <filter-class>org.apache.solr.servlet.SolrDispatchFilter</filter-class> 
    <!-- 
    Exclude patterns is a list of directories that would be short circuited by the 
    SolrDispatchFilter. It includes all Admin UI related static content. 
    NOTE: It is NOT a pattern but only matches the start of the HTTP ServletPath. 
    --> 
    <init-param> 
      <param-name>excludePatterns</param-name> 
      <param-value>/libs/.+,/css/.+,/js/.+,/img/.+,/tpl/.+</param-value> 
    </init-param> 
  </filter> 
 
  <filter-mapping> 
    <!-- 
      NOTE: When using multicore, /admin JSP URLs with a core specified 
      such as /solr/coreName/admin/stats.jsp get forwarded by a 
      RequestDispatcher to /solr/admin/stats.jsp with the specified core 
      put into request scope keyed as "org.apache.solr.SolrCore". 
 
      It is unnecessary, and potentially problematic, to have the SolrDispatchFilter 
      configured to also filter on forwards.  Do not configure 
      this dispatcher as <dispatcher>FORWARD</dispatcher>. 
    --> 
    <filter-name>SolrRequestFilter</filter-name> 
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern> 
  </filter-mapping> 
 
  <servlet> 
    <servlet-name>LoadAdminUI</servlet-name> 
    <servlet-class>org.apache.solr.servlet.LoadAdminUiServlet</servlet-class> 
  </servlet> 
   
  <!-- Remove in Solr 5.0 --> 
  <!-- This sends SC_MOVED_PERMANENTLY (301) for resources that changed in 4.0 --> 
  <servlet> 
    <servlet-name>RedirectOldAdminUI</servlet-name> 
    <servlet-class>org.apache.solr.servlet.RedirectServlet</servlet-class> 
    <init-param> 
      <param-name>destination</param-name> 
      <param-value>${context}/#/</param-value> 
    </init-param> 
  </servlet> 
   
  <servlet> 
    <servlet-name>RedirectOldZookeeper</servlet-name> 
    <servlet-class>org.apache.solr.servlet.RedirectServlet</servlet-class> 
    <init-param> 
      <param-name>destination</param-name> 
      <param-value>${context}/admin/zookeeper</param-value> 
    </init-param> 
  </servlet> 
 
  <servlet> 
    <servlet-name>RedirectLogging</servlet-name> 
    <servlet-class>org.apache.solr.servlet.RedirectServlet</servlet-class> 
    <init-param> 
      <param-name>destination</param-name> 
      <param-value>${context}/#/~logging</param-value> 
    </init-param> 
  </servlet> 
 
  <servlet> 
    <servlet-name>SolrRestApi</servlet-name> 
    <servlet-class>org.restlet.ext.servlet.ServerServlet</servlet-class> 
    <init-param> 
      <param-name>org.restlet.application</param-name> 
      <param-value>org.apache.solr.rest.SolrSchemaRestApi</param-value> 
    </init-param> 
  </servlet> 
 
  <servlet-mapping> 
    <servlet-name>RedirectOldAdminUI</servlet-name> 
    <url-pattern>/admin/</url-pattern> 
  </servlet-mapping> 
  <servlet-mapping> 
    <servlet-name>RedirectOldAdminUI</servlet-name> 
    <url-pattern>/admin</url-pattern> 
  </servlet-mapping> 
  <servlet-mapping> 
    <servlet-name>RedirectOldZookeeper</servlet-name> 
    <url-pattern>/zookeeper.jsp</url-pattern> 
  </servlet-mapping> 
  <servlet-mapping> 
    <servlet-name>RedirectOldZookeeper</servlet-name> 
    <url-pattern>/zookeeper</url-pattern> 
  </servlet-mapping> 
  <servlet-mapping> 
    <servlet-name>RedirectLogging</servlet-name> 
    <url-pattern>/logging</url-pattern> 
  </servlet-mapping> 
 
  <servlet-mapping> 
    <servlet-name>LoadAdminUI</servlet-name> 
    <url-pattern>/old.html</url-pattern> 
  </servlet-mapping> 
 
  <servlet-mapping> 
    <servlet-name>LoadAdminUI</servlet-name> 
    <url-pattern>/index.html</url-pattern> 
  </servlet-mapping> 
 
  <servlet-mapping> 
    <servlet-name>SolrRestApi</servlet-name> 
    <url-pattern>/schema/*</url-pattern> 
  </servlet-mapping> 
   
  <mime-mapping> 
    <extension>.xsl</extension> 
    <!-- per http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/PR-xslt20-20061121/ --> 
    <mime-type>application/xslt+xml</mime-type> 
  </mime-mapping> 
 
  <welcome-file-list> 
    <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file> 
  </welcome-file-list> 
 
  <!-- Get rid of error message --> 
  <!-- 
  <security-constraint> 
    <web-resource-collection> 
      <web-resource-name>Disable TRACE</web-resource-name> 
      <url-pattern>/</url-pattern> 
      <http-method>TRACE</http-method> 
    </web-resource-collection> 
    <auth-constraint/> 
  </security-constraint> 
  <security-constraint> 
    <web-resource-collection> 
      <web-resource-name>Enable everything but TRACE</web-resource-name> 
      <url-pattern>/</url-pattern> 
      <http-method-omission>TRACE</http-method-omission> 
    </web-resource-collection> 
  </security-constraint> 
  --> 
</web-app> 

至此solr的配置工作完成

四、运行Solr:

 启动执行:/down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/bin/startup.sh

[root@localhost down]# /down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/bin/startup.sh 
Using CATALINA_BASE:  /down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12 
Using CATALINA_HOME:  /down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12 
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/temp 
Using JRE_HOME:        /down/jdk1.8.0_121/jre 
Using CLASSPATH:      /usr/local/tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar:/down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/bin/tomcat-juli.jar 
Tomcat started. 
[root@localhost down]# 

在浏览器输入http://localhost:8080/solr/index.html即可出现Solr的管理界面


关闭solr只需要关闭tomcat即可:

[root@localhost down]# /down/apache-tomcat-8.5.12/bin/shutdown.sh 

至此solr的安装完毕。

更多Solr相关教程见以下内容

Solr3.6.1 在Tomcat6下的环境搭建 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-01/77664.htm

Apache Solr: 安装和运行 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-12/138527.htm

Ubuntu 12.04 LTS 上通过 Tomcat 部署 Solr 4 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-09/71158.htm

Solr实现Low Level查询解析(QParser) http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-05/59755.htm

Solr6.0.0 + Tomcat8 配置问题 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-05/131845.htm

基于Solr 3.5搭建搜索服务器 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-05/59743.htm

Solr 3.5开发应用教程 PDF高清版 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-10/91048.htm

CentOS 6.7下单机部署Solr 7.1.0  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-12/149889.htm

Solr 4.0 部署实例教程 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-10/91041.htm

Solr 的详细介绍请点这里
Solr 的下载地址请点这里

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-12/149891.htm

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