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Linux下搭建SVN服务器完全手册

[日期:2011-02-04] 来源:Linux社区  作者:huabo2008 [字体: ]

系统环境
        RHEL5.4最小化安装(关iptables,关selinux) + ssh + yum

一,安装必须的软件包.
        yum install subversion (SVN服务器)
                    mysql-server (用于codestriker)
                    httpd mod_dav_svn mod_perl (用于支持WEB方式管理SVN服务器)
                    sendmail (用于配置用户提交代码后发邮件提醒)
                    wget gcc-c++ make unzip perl* (必备软件包)
                    ntsysv vim-enhanced (可选)

二,基本的SVN服务器配置
        1,新建一个目录用于存储SVN所有文件
                # mkdir /home/svn

        2,新建一个版本仓库
                # svnadmin create /home/svn/project

        3,初始化版本仓库中的目录
                # mkdir project project/server project/client project/test (建立临时目录)
                # svn import project/ file:///home/svn/project -m "初始化SVN目录"
                # rm -rf project (删除临时建立的目录)

        4,添加用户
                要添加SVN用户非常简单,只需在/home/svn/project/conf/passwd文件添加一个形如“username=password"的条目就可以了.为了测试,我添加了如下内容:
                [users]
                # harry = harryssecret
                # sally = sallyssecret
                pm = pm_pw
                server_group = server_pw
                client_group = client_pw
                test_group = test_pw

        5,修改用户访问策略
                /home/svn/project/conf/authz记录用户的访问策略,以下是参考:
                        [groups]
                        project_p = pm
                        project_s = server_group
                        project_c = client_group
                        project_t = test_group
                       
                        [project:/]
                        @project_p = rw
                        * =
                       
                        [project:/server]
                        @project_p = rw
                        @project_s = rw
                        * =
                       
                        [project:/client]
                        @project_p = rw
                        @project_c = rw
                        * =
                       
                        [project:/doc]
                        @project_p = rw
                        @project_s = rw
                        @project_c = rw
                        @project_t = rw
                        * =
                以上信息表示,只有pm有根目录的读写权,server_group能访问server目录,client_group能访问client目录,所有人都可以访问doc目录.

        6,修改svnserve.conf文件,让用户和策略配置升效.
                svnserve.conf内容如下:
                        [general]
                        anon-access = none
                        auth-access = write
                        password-db = /home/svn/project/conf/passwd
                        authz-db = /home/svn/project/conf/authz

        7,启动服务器
                # svnserve -d -r /home/svn

        8,测试服务器
                # svn co svn://192.168.60.10/project
                Authentication realm: <svn://192.168.60.10:3690> 92731041-2dae-4c23-97fd-9e1ed7f0d18d
                Password for 'root':
                Authentication realm: <svn://192.168.60.10:3690> 92731041-2dae-4c23-97fd-9e1ed7f0d18d
                Username: server_group
                Password for 'server_group':
                svn: Authorization failed ( server_group没用根目录的访问权 )

                # svn co svn://192.168.60.10/project
                Authentication realm: <svn://192.168.60.10:3690> 92731041-2dae-4c23-97fd-9e1ed7f0d18d
                Password for 'root':
                Authentication realm: <svn://192.168.60.10:3690> 92731041-2dae-4c23-97fd-9e1ed7f0d18d
                Username: pm
                Password for 'pm':
                A    project/test
                A    project/server
                A    project/client
                Checked out revision 1.  ( 测试提取成功 )

                # cd project/server
                # vim main.c
                # svn add main.c
                # svn commit main.c -m "测试一下我的C程序,看什么看,不行啊??"
                Adding         main.c
                Transmitting file data .
                Committed revision 2.  ( 测试提交成功 )

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第 2 楼
* 反对法 发表于 2012/2/21 17:22:10
佛鬼地方打分
第 1 楼
* 新瑞 发表于 2012/1/3 1:05:22
hi: 你好
我今天做了一下 svn的邮件提醒 ,但是效果不理想 不出现修改的信息,
整个邮件只有
Revision 17
Author Date Log Message

Diff
这些东西 ,希望大哥能帮帮 我 我的qq 670841637