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CentOS 6.3上部署Ceph

[日期:2013-05-31] 来源:Linux社区  作者:pc620 [字体: ]

一、背景知识

搭建ceph的机器分为两种:client和非client(mds、monitor、osd)。
配置时client只需要在内核编译时选上ceph就行,而其它三种则还需要编译ceph用户态源码(下载地址:http://ceph.com/download/),另外osd还要记得安装btrfs文件系统(内核编译作为模块就行)。
 
 

二、机器分配

IP Roles Hostname 备注
222.31.76.209 client localhost.localdomain  
222.31.76.178 mds&monitor ceph_mds  
222.31.76.74 osd ceph_osd0  
222.31.76.67 osd ceph_osd1  
222.31.76.235 osd ceph_osd2  
 
操作系统:CentOS 6.3
内核版本:linux-3.8.8.tar.xz (stable2013-04-17
ceph版本:ceph-0.60.tar.gz (01-Apr-201317:42
 
三、编译与配置
(1) client
1. 编译最新版内核3.8.8
#make mrproper
#make menuconfig //需要ncurses-devel包:#yum install ncurses-devel。配置时记得选上ceph和btrfs。
#make all //若是多核处理器(例:4核),则可以使用#make -j8命令,以多线程方式加速构建内核
#make modules_install
#make install
编译完成后,修改/etc/grub.conf文件,reboot启动新内核。到此,client端的安装配置就已完成。
 
 
(2)mds/monitor/osd
1. 编译最新版内核3.8.8(同client)
 
 
2. 编译ceph源码
#tar -xvf ceph-0.60.tar.gz
#cd ceph-0.60
#./autogen.sh
#./configure --without-tcmalloc
若提示以下错误,说明缺少相应依赖包,安装即可:
checking whether -lpthread saves the day... yes
checking for uuid_parse in -luuid... no
configure: error:in`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60':
configure: error: libuuid not found
See `config.log'
for more details.
安装:#yum install libuuid-devel
checking for __res_nquery in -lresolv... yes
checking for add_key in -lkeyutils... no
configure: error:in`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60':
configure: error: libkeyutils not found
See `config.log'
for more details.
安装:#yum install keyutils-libs-devel
checking pkg-config is at least version 0.9.0... yes
checking for CRYPTOPP... no
checking for library containing _ZTIN8CryptoPP14CBC_EncryptionE... no
checking for NSS... no
configure: error:in`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60':
configure: error: no suitable crypto library found
See `config.log'
for more details.
安装(下载的rpm包):
#rpm -ivh cryptopp-5.6.2-2.el6.x86_64.rpm
#rpm -ivh cryptopp-devel-5.6.2-2.el6.x86_64.rpm
checking pkg-config is at least version 0.9.0... yes
checking for CRYPTOPP... no
checking for library containing _ZTIN8CryptoPP14CBC_EncryptionE...-lcryptopp
checking for NSS... no
configure: using cryptopp for cryptography
checking for FCGX_Init in -lfcgi... no
checking for fuse_main in -lfuse... no
configure: error:in`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60':
configure: error: no FUSE found (use --without-fuse to disable)
See `config.log'
for more details.
安装:#yum install fuse-devel
checking for fuse_main in -lfuse... yes
checking for fuse_getgroups... no
checking jni.h usability... no
checking jni.h presence... no
checking for jni.h... no
checking for LIBEDIT... no
configure: error:in`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60':
configure: error: No usable version of libedit found.
See `config.log'
for more details.
安装:#yum install libedit-devel
checking for LIBEDIT... yes
checking atomic_ops.h usability... no
checking atomic_ops.h presence... no
checking for atomic_ops.h... no
configure: error:in`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60':
configure: error: no libatomic-ops found (use --without-libatomic-ops to disable)
See `config.log'
for more details.
安装:#yum install libatomic_ops-devel (也可按提示,使用#./configure --without-tcmalloc --without-libatomic-ops命令屏蔽掉libatomic-ops)
checking for LIBEDIT... yes
checking for snappy_compress in -lsnappy... no
configure: error:in`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60':
configure: error: libsnappy not found
See `config.log'
for more details.
安装(下载的rpm包):
#rpm -ivh snappy-1.0.5-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
#rpm -ivh snappy-devel-1.0.5-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
checking for snappy_compress in -lsnappy... yes
checking for leveldb_open in -lleveldb... no
configure: error:in`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60':
configure: error: libleveldb not found
See `config.log'
for more details.
安装(下载的rpm包):
#rpm -ivh leveldb-1.7.0-2.el6.x86_64.rpm
#rpm -ivh leveldb-devel-1.7.0-2.el6.x86_64.rpm
checking for leveldb_open in -lleveldb... yes
checking for io_submit in -laio... no
configure: error:in`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60':
configure: error: libaio not found
See `config.log'
for more details.
安装:#yum install libaio-devel
checking for sys/wait.h that is POSIX.1 compatible... yes
checking boost/spirit/include/classic_core.hpp usability... no
checking boost/spirit/include/classic_core.hpp presence... no
checking for boost/spirit/include/classic_core.hpp... no
checking boost/spirit.hpp usability... no
checking boost/spirit.hpp presence... no
checking for boost/spirit.hpp... no
configure: error:in`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60':
configure: error: "Can'
t find boost spirit headers"
See `config.log' for more details.
安装:#yum install boost-devel
checking if more special flags are requiredfor pthreads... no
checking whether to check for GCC pthread/shared inconsistencies... yes
checking whether -pthread is sufficient with -shared... yes
configure: creating ./config.status
config.status: creating Makefile
config.status: creating scripts/gtest-config
config.status: creating build-aux/config.h
config.status: executing depfiles commands
config.status: executing libtool commands
见上说明#./configure --without-tcmalloc命令执行成功,会生成Makefile文件,接下来正式编译:
#make -j8
若过程中报以下错误,说明expat-devel没安装:
CXX osdmaptool.o
CXXLD osdmaptool
CXX ceph_dencoder-ceph_dencoder.o
test/encoding/ceph_dencoder.cc: In function'int main(int, const char**)':
test/encoding/ceph_dencoder.cc:196: note: variable tracking size limit exceeded with-fvar-tracking-assignments, retrying without
CXX ceph_dencoder-rgw_dencoder.o
In file included from rgw/rgw_dencoder.cc:6:
rgw/rgw_acl_s3.h:9:19: error: expat.h: No such file or directory
In file included from rgw/rgw_acl_s3.h:12,
from rgw/rgw_dencoder.cc:6:
rgw/rgw_xml.h:62: error: 'XML_Parser' does not name a type
make[3]:*** [ceph_dencoder-rgw_dencoder.o] Error1
make[3]: Leaving directory`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/src'
make[2]: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
make[2]: Leaving directory `/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/src'

make[1]: *** [all] Error2
make[1]: Leaving directory`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/src'
make: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
安装:#yum install expat-devel
CXXLD ceph-dencoder
CXXLD cephfs
CXXLD librados-config
CXXLD ceph-fuse
CCLD rbd-fuse
CCLD mount.ceph
CXXLD rbd
CXXLD rados
CXXLD ceph-syn
make[3]: Leaving directory`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/src'
make[2]: Leaving directory `/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/src'

make[1]: Leaving directory`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/src'
Making all in man
make[1]: Entering directory `/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/man'

make[1]: Nothing to bedonefor`all'.
make[1]: Leaving directory `/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/man'
见上即编译成功,再安装ceph即可:
#make install
libtool: install: ranlib/usr/local/lib/rados-classes/libcls_kvs.a
libtool: finish: PATH="/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/root/bin:/sbin" ldconfig-n/usr/local/lib/rados-classes
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Libraries have been installed in:
/usr/local/lib/rados-classes

If you ever happen to want to link against installed libraries
in a given directory, LIBDIR, you must either use libtool,and
specify the full pathname of the library, or use the`-LLIBDIR'
flag during linking and do at least one of the following:
- add LIBDIR to the `LD_LIBRARY_PATH'
environment variable
during execution
- add LIBDIR to the `LD_RUN_PATH' environment variable
during linking
- use the `-Wl,-rpath -Wl,LIBDIR'
linker flag
- have your system administrator add LIBDIR to`/etc/ld.so.conf'

See any operating system documentation about shared libraries for
more information, such as the ld(1) and ld.so(8) manual pages.
----------------------------------------------------------------------
test -z "/usr/local/lib/ceph" || /bin/mkdir -p "/usr/local/lib/ceph"
/usr/bin/install -c ceph_common.sh '
/usr/local/lib/ceph'
make[4]: Leaving directory `/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/src'

make[3]: Leaving directory`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/src'
make[2]: Leaving directory `/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/src'

make[1]: Leaving directory`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/src'
Making install in man
make[1]: Entering directory `/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/man'

make[2]: Entering directory`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/man'
make[2]: Nothing to be done for `install-exec-am'
.
test -z "/usr/local/share/man/man8" || /bin/mkdir-p"/usr/local/share/man/man8"
/usr/bin/install-c-m644 ceph-osd.8 ceph-mds.8 ceph-mon.8 mkcephfs.8 ceph-fuse.8 ceph-syn.8 crushtool.8 osdmaptool.8 monmaptool.8 ceph-conf.8 ceph-run.8 ceph.8 mount.ceph.8 radosgw.8 radosgw-admin.8 ceph-authtool.8 rados.8 librados-config.8 rbd.8 ceph-clsinfo.8 ceph-debugpack.8 cephfs.8 ceph-dencoder.8 ceph-rbdnamer.8 rbd-fuse.8'/usr/local/share/man/man8'
make[2]: Leaving directory`/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/man'
make[1]: Leaving directory `/cwn/ceph/ceph-0.60/man'
到此,ceph的编译安装全部成功。
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* qiuzhaokun会员 发表于 2016/2/18 11:31:56
沙发,看了看还没弄,写的挺详细的