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Debian系统初装后的各种配置

[日期:2014-03-10] 来源:CSDN  作者:longerzone [字体: ]

最近经常重装系统,而刚装完Debian系统的电脑需要各种配置真心有点烦躁,于是乎想写个脚本偷偷懒,解决一下每次装系统都要重新配置的问题(在这分享给大家,也简化了大家装Debian后麻烦的配置过程)。

一、使用方法

1. 下载我打包的文件new_machine.tar ,然后在我的云盘分享处下载Linux的wps安装包(我自己会在Debian系统中使用WPS,这样可以轻松在Linux中对文档进行修改,如果直接Libreoffice对Windows下的文档进行修改,以后再拿到Windows下打开时排版都会全乱了)

相关下载地址:

百度网盘免费下载地址:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1nt3A2MX

2. cd ~/Download  ---> tar -xvf new_machine.tar 进入下载目录解压new_machine.tar文件

3.cd new_machine

4.mv ~/Download/wps-office_8.1.0.3724~b1p2_i386.deb  .

5.ifconfig 或者ping www.linuxidc.com确认电脑是否联网

6.su 切换至 root 用户

7.chmod +x install.sh  --->  ./install.sh  好了,脚本会安装很多东西,所以此时你可以去吃饭或者打球去了!

二、脚本展示

初学者写的比较简单,有好的建议还望大家提出来:

#!/bin/bash
# (C) 2014 Yunlong Zhou <reaper888@yeah.net>
# Under licence  GPL
# File : install.sh
# Introduction:
#   This script is using for simplify the installing of Debian 5/6/7 new install machine
# Useage :
#    1. "su"   -- get root permission
#   2. "ifconfig" or "ping www.baidu.com " -- to check if the computer is connecting Internet
#  3. if have no Internet , "dhclient eth0" -- to connect the Internet
#  4. "tar -xvf new_machine.tar"  then "cd new_machine"
#  5. "chmox +x install.sh"   -- give our script a execution permission
#  5. "./install.sh"  -- auto install and you can have a coffee now   

# firstly ,we set the apt-source, here we just give Debian 5/6/7 set module, if you use older or newer Debian version ,Just do a little change !
 echo "Now setting apt source"
 if grep -q "7.*" /etc/debian_version || grep -q -i "wheezy" /etc/debian_version ; [[ $? == 0 ]] ; then
  echo "deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy main contrib non-free" >/etc/apt/sources.list
 elif grep -q "6.*" /etc/debian_version || grep -q -i "squeeze" /etc/debian_version ; [[ $? == 0 ]] ; then
    echo "deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian squeeze main contrib non-free" >/etc/apt/sources.list 
 elif grep -q "5.*" /etc/debian_version || grep -q -i "lenny" /etc/debian_version ; [[ $? == 0 ]] ; then
    echo "deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian lenny main contrib non-free" >/etc/apt/sources.list 
 fi 
 apt-get update
 
 # add chinese fonts and ibus,if you don't need ,just comment it
 echo "Now doning Chinese install"
 echo Y | apt-get install ttf-wqy-zenhei xfonts-intl-chinese wqy*  ibus im-switch ibus-pinyin 
 
 # add some useful application ,if you need some changes ,just do it
 echo " Now doing some application install"
 echo Y | apt-get install aptitude  dia xournal wireshark ssh unzip  ctags cscope git chromium-browser vim screen linuxlogo libncurses5-dev  build-essential libc6-dbg kernel-package

 # install sudo ,if you don't need just comment it
 echo "Now install sudo for your system and give your user a sudoer permission"
 echo Y | apt-get install sudo
 my_user=`who | head -n 1 | cut -d " " -f 1`
 echo "$my_user ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL" >> /etc/sudoers 

 # the function is using for check if a application is installed ,if not installed just install it with apt-get install
function install_app  # para is the func you want to install
{
 aptitude search $1 > /tmp/log
 file_line=`cat /tmp/log | wc -l`
 for((i=1;i<=$file_line;i++));do
  sed -n "$i"'p' /tmp/log >/tmp/log1
  i_status=`awk '{print $1}' /tmp/log1`
  par2=`awk '{print $2}' /tmp/log1`
  par3=`awk '{print $3}' /tmp/log1`
  if [[ $par2 == $1 || $par3 == $1 && $i_status != 'i' ]]; then
        echo "Sorry ,\"$1\" not installed,we will install it"
        apt-get install $1
  elif [[ $par2 == $1 || $par3 == $1 && $i_status == 'i' ]]; then
   echo "OK ,\"$1\" has been installed "
   break
    fi
 done
 rm /tmp/log /tmp/log1
}

# sometimes ,our system have no graphic interfaces,we use these to install GNOME, if no need comment it
 echo " Now installing gnome"
install_app  xorg
install_app  gnome-core
install_app  gdm3

# add flash support for FireFox and Chrome Browse
echo " Now add flash support for browse"
mkdir -p /home/$my_user/.mozilla/plugins/
mv libflashplayer.so /home/$my_user/.mozilla/plugins/

# add vim config
echo " Now add vim config"
mkdir -p /home/$my_user/.vim/plugin
mv taglist.vim /home/$my_user/.vim/plugin/
mv vimrc /etc/vim/vimrc 

# install WPS for i386/i686 system
echo "Now installing WPS"
uname -a >/tmp/system_version
if grep "i386" /tmp/system_version || grep "i686" /tmp/system_version ; then
 dpkg -i symbol-fonts_*
 if [ ! -f wps-office_* ] ;then
  echo " Now doloading wps for linux ,may need a little long time"
  wget http://wdl1.cache.wps.cn/wps/download/Linux/unstable/wps-office_8.1.0.3724~b1p2_i386.deb
 fi
 dpkg -i wps-office_*
else
 echo "Sorry ,your system is not 32 bit system ,we will not install wps"
fi

# install deepin screenshot
echo "Now installing deepin screen shot"
echo Y | apt-get install Python-xlib
dpkg -i deepin-scrot*

文中涉及很多Debian配置方面的东西,如果大家有兴趣欢迎出门右拐看一下我之前的博文:

《Debian安装全攻略》 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-03/97965.htm

Ubuntu 下安装WPS for Linux》 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-06/85374.htm

《Ubuntu下创建Vim+Taglist+Cscope+Ctags组合编辑器》  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-10/72062.htm

 

推荐阅读:

Debian 7.0 Wheezy试体验 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-05/84646.htm

Debian 7.0 Wheezy 发布! http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-05/83883.htm

U盘安装Debian 7.0 Wheezy http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-05/84647.htm

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相关资讯       Debian  Debian配置 
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