手机版
你好,游客 登录 注册
背景:
阅读新闻

RedHat Enterprise Linux 6使用CentOS 6 的yum源

[日期:2014-04-22] 来源:Linux社区  作者:jasonliping [字体: ]

RedHat Enterprise Linux 6中使用CentOS 6 的yum源。

推荐阅读

RedHat Linux 本地yum源的配置 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-08/88217.htm

RedHat 6.2 Linux修改yum源免费使用CentOS源 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-07/87383.htm

配置EPEL YUM源 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-10/71850.htm

Redhat 本地yum源配置 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-11/75127.htm

yum的配置文件说明 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-04/83298.htm

RedHat 6.1下安装yum(图文) http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-06/86535.htm

YUM 安装及清理 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-07/87163.htm

思路:卸载redhat自带yum,然后下载centos的yum,安装后修改配置文件

1、首先到http://mirrors.163.com/centos下载软件包


x86 地址:http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/i386/Packages/

x86_64 地址:http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/

必要下载的软件包有(以64位系统为例):

a Python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm

b yum-3.2.29-40.el6.centos.noarch.rpm

c yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.x86_64.rpm

d yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-14.el6.noarch.rpm

下载命令:


wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm

wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.x86_64.rpm

wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-3.2.29-40.el6.centos.noarch.rpm

wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-14.el6.noarch.rpm
 

[注] :版本不一定要最新的


2、卸载RedHat自带的yum


 rpm -qa | grep yum | xargs rpm -e --nodeps

注:a、xargs是一条Unix和类Unix操作系统的常用命令。它的作用是将参数列表转换成小块分段传递给其他命令,以避免参数列表过长的问题

 b、--nodeps 强制卸载,不管依赖性


3、安装下载的centos的yum包:


rpm -ivh python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm

rpm -ivh yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.x86_64.rpm

rpm -ivh yum-3.2.29-40.el6.centos.noarch.rpm yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-14.el6.noarch.rpm


[注] :最后2个需要一起安装,否则会出现依赖性错误


4、到http://mirrors.163.com的centos帮助文档中下载CentOS6-Base-163.repo文件,存放到/etc/yum.repo.d中


wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS6-Base-163.repo


5、编辑CentOS6-Base-163.repo文件,将其中的$releasever更改为centos的版本号

下面是修改好的:

# CentOS-Base.repo

#

# The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the

# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and

# geographically close to the client. You should use this for CentOS updates

# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.

#

# If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the

# remarked out baseurl= line instead.

#

#


[base]

name=CentOS-6 - Base - 163.com

baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/$basearch/

#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=os

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6


#released updates

[updates]

name=CentOS-6 - Updates - 163.com

baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/updates/$basearch/

#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=updates

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6


#additional packages that may be useful

[extras]

name=CentOS-6 - Extras - 163.com

baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/extras/$basearch/

#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=extras

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6


#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages

[centosplus]

name=CentOS-6 - Plus - 163.com

baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/centosplus/$basearch/

#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus

gpgcheck=1

enabled=0

gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6


#contrib - packages by Centos Users

[contrib]

name=CentOS-6 - Contrib - 163.com

baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/contrib/$basearch/

#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib

gpgcheck=1

enabled=0

gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

 

CentOS-Base.repo文件,这是centos的源文件,需将其重命名为rhel-debuginfo.repo  复制到/etc/yum.repos.d/下

6、yum clean all清除原有缓存

7、yum makecache 获取yum列表

出现下面提示,表示yum更改完成:

Metadata Cache Created

更多RedHat相关信息见RedHat 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=10

linux
本文评论   查看全部评论 (0)
表情: 表情 姓名: 字数

       

评论声明
  • 尊重网上道德,遵守中华人民共和国的各项有关法律法规
  • 承担一切因您的行为而直接或间接导致的民事或刑事法律责任
  • 本站管理人员有权保留或删除其管辖留言中的任意内容
  • 本站有权在网站内转载或引用您的评论
  • 参与本评论即表明您已经阅读并接受上述条款