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在Ubuntu 14.04 LTS系统中设置Apache虚拟主机

[日期:2014-06-08] 来源:Linux中国  作者:Linux [字体: ]

5. 创建虚拟主机配置文件

默认情况下,apache有一个默认的虚拟主机文件叫000-default.conf。我们将会复制000-default.conf文件内容到我们新的虚拟主机配置文件中。

  1. sudo cp /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf /etc/apache2/sites-available/unixmen1.local.conf
  2. sudo cp /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf /etc/apache2/sites-available/unixmen2.local.conf

确保虚拟主机配置文件末尾包含.conf扩展名。

现在,修改unximen1.local.conf文件以符合需求。

  1. sudo vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/unixmen1.local.conf

使相关的变化直接呈现在unixmen1站点中(译注:以“#”开头的注释行可以忽略。)。

  1. <VirtualHost *:80>
  2. # The ServerName directive sets the request scheme, hostname and port that
  3. # the server uses to identify itself. This is used when creating
  4. # redirection URLs. In the context of virtual hosts, the ServerName
  5. # specifies what hostname must appear in the request's Host: header to
  6. # match this virtual host. For the default virtual host (this file) this
  7. # value is not decisive as it is used as a last resort host regardless.
  8. # However, you must set it for any further virtual host explicitly.
  9. #ServerName www.example.com
  10. ServerAdmin webmaster@unixmen1.local
  11. ServerName unixmen1.local
  12. ServerAlias www.unixmen1.local
  13. DocumentRoot /var/www/unixmen1.local/public_html
  14. # Available loglevels: trace8, ..., trace1, debug, info, notice, warn,
  15. # error, crit, alert, emerg.
  16. # It is also possible to configure the loglevel for particular
  17. # modules, e.g.
  18. #LogLevel info ssl:warn
  19. ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
  20. CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined
  21. # For most configuration files from conf-available/, which are
  22. # enabled or disabled at a global level, it is possible to
  23. # include a line for only one particular virtual host. For example the
  24. # following line enables the CGI configuration for this host only
  25. # after it has been globally disabled with "a2disconf".
  26. #Include conf-available/serve-cgi-bin.conf
  27. </VirtualHost>

同理,修改第二台主机文件。

  1. sudo vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/unixmen2.local.conf

使相关的修改在unixmen2 站点呈现出来。

  1. <VirtualHost *:80>
  2. # The ServerName directive sets the request scheme, hostname and port that
  3. # the server uses to identify itself. This is used when creating
  4. # redirection URLs. In the context of virtual hosts, the ServerName
  5. # specifies what hostname must appear in the request's Host: header to
  6. # match this virtual host. For the default virtual host (this file) this
  7. # value is not decisive as it is used as a last resort host regardless.
  8. # However, you must set it for any further virtual host explicitly.
  9. #ServerName www.example.com
  10. ServerAdmin webmaster@unixmen2.local
  11. ServerName unixmen2.local
  12. ServerAlias www.unixmen2.local
  13. DocumentRoot /var/www/unixmen2.local/public_html
  14. # Available loglevels: trace8, ..., trace1, debug, info, notice, warn,
  15. # error, crit, alert, emerg.
  16. # It is also possible to configure the loglevel for particular
  17. # modules, e.g.
  18. #LogLevel info ssl:warn
  19. ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
  20. CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined
  21. # For most configuration files from conf-available/, which are
  22. # enabled or disabled at a global level, it is possible to
  23. # include a line for only one particular virtual host. For example the
  24. # following line enables the CGI configuration for this host only
  25. # after it has been globally disabled with "a2disconf".
  26. #Include conf-available/serve-cgi-bin.conf
  27. </VirtualHost>

修改虚拟主机文件后,禁用默认的虚拟主机配置(000.default.conf),然后启用新的虚拟主机配置,如下所示。

  1. sudo a2dissite 000-default.conf
  2. sudo a2ensite unixmen1.local.conf
  3. sudo a2ensite unixmen2.local.conf

最后,重启apache服务器。

  1. sudo service apache2 restart

就是这样。现在,我们成功地配置了apach虚拟主机在我们的Ubuntu服务器上

测试虚拟主机

编辑/etc/hosts文件,

  1. sudo vi /etc/hosts

在文件末尾添加如下所示的虚拟域名。

  1. 192.168.1.250 unixmen1.local
  2. 192.168.1.250 unixmen2.local

保存并关闭文件。

打开你的浏览器并访问http://unixmen1.localhttp://unixmen2.local。你将会看到我们之前创建的示例页。

Unixmen1.local 测试页:

Unixmen2.local 测试页

如果你想从你的远程系统访问这些站点,���需要在你的DNS服务器添加实际域名记录。不过,我没有真实的域名和DNS服务器,我只想通过我的本地系统测试,那么它刚好如我所愿地工作。

Cheers!

更多Ubuntu相关信息见Ubuntu 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=2

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-06/102871.htm

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