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【RMAN】使用duplicate本地复制数据库

[日期:2014-07-24] 来源:Linux社区  作者:yhdmy [字体: ]

任务:同一台主机使用RMAN的duplicate复制数据库,linux操作系统中有一套正在运行的数据库enmoedu  复制后的数据库aux 
 
实验步骤:
 
1.      主库RMAN备份
 
[Oracle@test ~]$ export ORACLE_SID=enmoedu
 
[oracle@test ~]$ rman target /
 
Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Fri Jun 6 00:43:13 2014
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.
 
connected to target database: ENMOEDU (DBID=108163061)
 
 
 
RMAN> backup database plus archivelog;

 
 
Starting backup at 06-JUN-14
 
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
 
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
 
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=61 device type=DISK
 
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting full datafile backup set
 
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backup set
 
input datafile file number=00001 name=/11g/app/oracle/oradata/enmoedu/system01.dbf
 
input datafile file number=00002 name=/11g/app/oracle/oradata/enmoedu/sysaux01.dbf
 
input datafile file number=00005 name=/11g/app/oracle/oradata/enmoedu/example01.dbf
 
input datafile file number=00003 name=/11g/app/oracle/oradata/enmoedu/undotbs01.dbf
 
input datafile file number=00006 name=/11g/app/oracle/oradata/enmoedu/pitr.dbf
 
input datafile file number=00007 name=/11g/app/oracle/oradata/enmoedu/pitr_ind.dbf
 
input datafile file number=00008 name=/11g/app/oracle/oradata/enmoedu/index01.dbf
 
input datafile file number=00010 name=/11g/app/oracle/oradata/enmoedu/ts_users_1.dbf
 
input datafile file number=00004 name=/11g/app/oracle/oradata/enmoedu/users01.dbf
 
input datafile file number=00009 name=/11g/app/oracle/oradata/enmoedu/ts_users.dbf
 
input datafile file number=00011 name=/11g/app/oracle/oradata/enmoedu/ts_users1.dbf
 
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting piece 1 at 06-JUN-14
 
channel ORA_DISK_1: finished piece 1 at 06-JUN-14
 
piece handle=/11g/app/backup/db_53pa49ha_1_1.bak tag=TAG20140606T004322 comment=NONE
 
channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:00:25
 
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting full datafile backup set
 
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backup set
 
including current control file in backup set
 
including current SPFILE in backup set
 
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting piece 1 at 06-JUN-14
 
channel ORA_DISK_1: finished piece 1 at 06-JUN-14
 
piece handle=/11g/app/backup/db_54pa49i3_1_1.bak tag=TAG20140606T004322 comment=NONE
 
channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
 
Finished backup at 06-JUN-14
 
 
 
RMAN>quit

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

RMAN 配置归档日志删除策略 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-11/92670.htm

Oracle基础教程之通过RMAN复制数据库 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-07/87072.htm

RMAN备份策略制定参考内容 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-03/81695.htm

RMAN备份学习笔记 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-03/81892.htm

Oracle数据库备份加密 RMAN加密 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-03/80729.htm

Linux-6-64下安装Oracle 12C笔记 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-07/86805.htm

CentOS 6.4下安装Oracle 11gR2(x64) http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-02/97374.htm

Oracle 11gR2 在VMWare虚拟机中安装步骤 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-09/89579p2.htm

Debian 下 安装 Oracle 11g XE R2 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-03/98881.htm

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
2.      配置监听文件及tnsnames.ora
 
--监听改静态 listener.ora 因为复制的aux库是nomount状态,pmon是mount的时候去动态注册,所以需要加静态注册。

Listener.ora文件修改后:
 
SID_LIST_LISTENER =
 
  (SID_LIST =
 
    (SID_DESC =
 
      (GLOBAL_DBNAME = enmoedu)
 
      (ORACLE_HOME = /11g/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome)
 
      (SID_NAME = enmoedu)
 
    )
 
 
 
    (SID_DESC =
 
      (GLOBAL_DBNAME = aux)
 
      (ORACLE_HOME = /11g/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome)
 
      (SID_NAME = aux)
 
    )
 
  )
 
 
 
Tnsnames.ora文件中添加:
 
aux =
 
(DESCRIPTION =
 
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.10.8)(PORT = 1521))
 
    (CONNECT_DATA =
 
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
 
      (SERVICE_NAME = aux)
 
    )
 
)
 
 
 
3.      通过enmoedu库的SPFILE生成PFILE,复制PFILE文件,将SID名字更改为aux,并且将文件中参数进行修改。
 
[oracle@test ~]$ sqlplus  / as sysdba
 
SQLPlus Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Thu Jun 5 235614 2014
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
 
Connected to
 
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
 
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
 
 
 
SQL select instance_name,status from v$instance;
 
 
 
INSTANCE_NAME    STATUS
 
---------------- ------------
 
enmoedu          OPEN
 
 
 
SQL create pfile from spfile;
 
 
 
File created.
 
 
 
SQLexit
 
 
 
[oracle@test ~]$ cd $ORACLE_HOMEdbs
 
 
 
[oracle@test dbs]$ cp initenmoedu.ora initaux.ora
 
 
 
修改前initaux.ora
 
enmoedu.__db_cache_size=201326592
 
enmoedu.__java_pool_size=4194304
 
enmoedu.__large_pool_size=4194304
 
enmoedu.__oracle_base='/11g/app/oracle'#ORACLE_BASE set from environment
 
enmoedu.__pga_aggregate_target=293601280
 
enmoedu.__sga_target=545259520
 
enmoedu.__shared_io_pool_size=0
 
enmoedu.__shared_pool_size=318767104
 
enmoedu.__streams_pool_size=8388608
 
*._shared_io_pool_size=0
 
*.audit_file_dest='/11g/app/oracle/admin/enmoedu/adump'
 
*.audit_trail='db'
 
*.compatible='11.2.0.0.0'
 
*.control_files='/11g/app/oracle/oradata/enmoedu/control01.ctl','/11g/app/oracle/oradata/enmoedu/control02.ctl'
 
*.db_block_size=8192
 
*.db_cache_size=201326592
 
*.db_create_file_dest=''
 
*.db_domain=''
 
*.db_flashback_retention_target=2880
 
*.db_name='enmoedu'
 
*.db_recovery_file_dest_size=2147483648
 
*.db_recovery_file_dest='/11g/app/backup'
 
*.db_writer_processes=2
 
*.diagnostic_dest='/11g/app/oracle'
 
*.java_pool_size=4194304
 
*.large_pool_size=4194304
 
*.log_archive_format='%t_%s_%r.arc'
 
*.memory_target=0
 
*.open_cursors=300
 
*.pga_aggregate_target=293601280
 
*.processes=300
 
*.remote_login_passwordfile='EXCLUSIVE'
 
*.sga_target=0
 
*.shared_pool_size=318767104
 
*.streams_pool_size=8388608
 
*.undo_tablespace='UNDOTBS1'
 
 
 
 
 
修改后initaux.ora(具体参数可根据自己环境进行调整)标黄色部分为更改项,要建立更改后的路径目录
 
aux.__db_cache_size=201326592
 
aux.__java_pool_size=4194304
 
aux.__large_pool_size=4194304
 
aux.__oracle_base='/11g/app/oracle'#ORACLE_BASE set from environment
 
aux.__pga_aggregate_target=293601280
 
aux.__sga_target=545259520
 
aux.__shared_io_pool_size=0
 
aux.__shared_pool_size=318767104
 
aux.__streams_pool_size=8388608
 
*._shared_io_pool_size=0
 
*.audit_file_dest='/11g/app/oracle/admin/aux/adump'
 
*.audit_trail='db'
 
*.compatible='11.2.0.0.0'
 
*.control_files='/11g/app/oracle/oradata/aux/control01.ctl','/11g/app/oracle/oradata/aux/control02.ctl'
 
*.db_block_size=8192
 
*.db_cache_size=201326592
 
*.db_create_file_dest=''
 
*.db_domain=''
 
*.db_flashback_retention_target=2880
 
*.db_name='aux'
 
*.db_recovery_file_dest_size=2147483648
 
*.db_recovery_file_dest='/11g/app/flashback_aux'
 
*.db_writer_processes=2
 
*.diagnostic_dest='/11g/app/oracle'
 
*.java_pool_size=4194304
 
*.large_pool_size=4194304
 
*.log_archive_format='%t_%s_%r.arc'
 
*.memory_target=0
 
*.open_cursors=300
 
*.pga_aggregate_target=293601280
 
*.processes=300
 
*.remote_login_passwordfile='EXCLUSIVE'
 
*.sga_target=0
 
*.shared_pool_size=318767104
 
*.streams_pool_size=8388608
 
*.undo_tablespace='UNDOTBS1'
 
*.db_file_name_convert='/11g/app/oracle/oradata/enmoedu/','/11g/app/oracle/oradata/aux/'
 
*.log_file_name_convert='/11g/app/oracle/oradata/enmoedu/','/11g/app/oracle/oradata/aux/'

更多详情见请继续阅读下一页的精彩内容http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-07/104640p2.htm

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