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MySQL5.6多实例部署

[日期:2016-09-11] 来源:Linux社区  作者:suifu [字体: ]

无论是迫于预算,亦或者是领导要求,多实例的安装也是DBA必须掌握的技术,她的启停和登录方式和单实例安装数据库略有不同,本文记录下如何完成MySQL5.6多实例部署。

首先我们看一下my.cnf和单实例的区分:

[root@HE1 scripts]#
cat /etc/my.cnf
[client]
#port = 3306
#socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
#default-character-set = utf8
 
[mysql]
#default-character-set = utf8
 
[mysqld3306]
port = 3306
basedir = /usr/local/mysql
datadir = /data/mysql_3306
socket  = /tmp/mysql_3306.sock
slow_query_log_file = /data/mysql_3306/slow.log
log-error = /data/mysql_3306/error.log
log-bin = /data/mysql_3306/mysql-bin
sync_binlog = 1
binlog_format = row
transaction_isolation = REPEATABLE-READ
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 100m
 
[mysqld3308]
port = 3308
basedir = /usr/local/mysql
datadir = /data/mysql_3308
socket = /tmp/mysql_3308.sock
slow_query_log = 1
slow_query_log_file = /data/mysql_3308/slow.log
log-error = /data/mysql_3308/error.log
long_query_time = 1
log-bin = /data/mysql_3308/mysql-bin
sync_binlog = 1
binlog_cache_size = 4M
default-storage-engine = InnoDB
binlog_format = row
transaction_isolation = REPEATABLE-READ
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 100m
 
[mysqld_multi]
mysqld=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe
mysqladmin=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin
 
 
[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 32M

可以看出,多实例的my.cnf实际上就是如上所示,本文为了演示实验环境,innodb_buffer_pool_size仅仅开了100m,真实的生产库中多实例部署该参数要开大些,两个实例该参数的值达到内存的50%-80%都可以。

下面开始初始化我们的数据库
首先创建我们的数据目录
[root@HE1 ~]#mkdir -p /data/mysql_3306
[root@HE1 ~]#mkdir -p /data/mysql_3308
[root@HE1 ~]#echo "export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin:/usr/local/mysql/lib" >>/etc/profile

进入到mysql的scripts文件夹下对数据库进行初始化,这里我们对3306端口数据库进行初始化
[root@HE1 scripts]#./mysql_install_db --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql_3306 --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf --user=mysql

这里我们对3308端口数据库进行初始化
[root@HE1 scripts]# ./mysql_install_db --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql_3308 --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf --user=mysql

初始化完成后,我们便可以启停数据库了,和单实例不同,多实例采用mysqld_multi来启停数据库
[root@HE1 bin]# ./mysqld_multi --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf --user=root --password=MANAGER start 3306,3308

可以利用mysqld_multi的report命令来检测多实例的运行状况
1234 [root@HE1 bin]#./mysqld_multi report
Reporting MySQL servers
MySQL server from group: mysqld3306 is running
MySQL server from group: mysqld3308 is running

登录方式和单实例大体相同,不过由于多实例的存在,我们需要指定不同的端口号
[root@HE1 bin]# mysql -uroot -p -P3306 -h 192.168.1.48
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 6 Server version: 5.6.16-log MySQL Community Server (GPL)
 
Copyright (c) 2000,
2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 
Oracle is a
registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.
 
Type 'help;' or '\h'
for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
 
 
mysql> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database          |
+--------------------+
| information_schema
|
| 3306db            |
| mysql              |
| performance_schema
|
| test              |
+--------------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

当然,利用socket文件登录也是可以的
[root@HE1 bin]#mysql -uroot -p -S /data/mysql_3306/mysql_3306.sock
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 7 Server version: 5.6.16-log MySQL Community Server (GPL)
 
Copyright (c) 2000,
2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 
Oracle is a
registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.
 
Type 'help;' or '\h'
for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
 
 
mysql> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database          |
+--------------------+
| information_schema
|
| 3306db            |
| mysql              |
| performance_schema
|
| test              |
+--------------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

这里是登录3308端口数据库
[root@HE1 bin]#mysql -uroot -p -P3308 -h 192.168.1.48
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 8 Server version: 5.6.16-log MySQL Community Server (GPL)
 
Copyright (c) 2000,
2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 
Oracle is a
registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.
 
Type 'help;' or '\h'
for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
 
 
Type 'help;' or '\h'
for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
 
mysql> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database          |
+--------------------+
| information_schema
|
| 3308db            |
| mysql              |
| performance_schema
|
| test              |
+--------------------+
5 rows in set (0.00sec)
 
mysql> quit
Bye

利用3308端口的socket文件登录数据库
[root@HE1 bin]#mysql -uroot -p -S /data/mysql_3308/mysql_3308.sock
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 9 Server version: 5.6.16-log MySQL Community Server (GPL)
 
Copyright (c) 2000,
2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 
Oracle is a
registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.
 
Type 'help;' or '\h'
for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
 
mysql> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database          |
+--------------------+
| information_schema
|
| 3308db            |
| mysql              |
| performance_schema
|
| test              |
+--------------------+
5 rows in set (0.00sec)

至此,MySQL5.6多实例部署完成。

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-09/135110.htm

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相关资讯       MySQL5.6  MySQL5.6多实例 
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