手机版
你好,游客 登录 注册
背景:
阅读新闻

CentOS7配置httpd虚拟主机

[日期:2017-10-29] 来源:Linux社区  作者:Linux [字体: ]

本实验旨在CentOS7系统中,httpd-2.4配置两台虚拟主机,主要有以下要求:

(1) 提供两个基于名称的虚拟主机:

  www1.stuX.com,页面文件目录为/web/vhosts/www1;错误日志为/var/log/httpd/www1/error_log,访问日志为/var/log/httpd/www1/access_log;

  www2.stuX.com,页面文件目录为/web/vhosts/www2;错误日志为/var/log/httpd/www2/error_log,访问日志为/var/log/httpd/www2/access_log;

(2) 通过www1.stuX.com/server-status输出其状态信息,且要求只允许提供账号的用户访问;

(3) www1不允许192.168.1.0/24网络中的主机访问;

查看系统版本和httpd版本

[root@host ~]$httpd -v
Server version: Apache/2.4.6 (CentOS)
Server built:   Nov 14 2016 18:04:44
[root@host ~]$cat /etc/centos-release
CentOS Linux release 7.3.1611 (Core) 

启动httpd,测试能否正常运行

[root@host ~]$systemctl start httpd.service 
[root@host ~]$systemctl status httpd.service 
● httpd.service - The Apache HTTP Server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Thu 2017-06-01 03:03:12 CST; 5s ago                      #   active 表示正常运行
     Docs: man:httpd(8)
           man:apachectl(8)
  Process: 6473 ExecStop=/bin/kill -WINCH ${MAINPID} (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Main PID: 6485 (httpd)
   Status: "Processing requests..."
   CGroup: /system.slice/httpd.service
           ├─6485 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─6486 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─6487 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─6489 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─6490 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           └─6572 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

Jun 01 03:03:11 host systemd[1]: Starting The Apache HTTP Server...
Jun 01 03:03:12 host systemd[1]: Started The Apache HTTP Server.

使用curl命令访问

[root@host ~]$ip a show ens38    # 查看ip 
3: ens38: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:0c:29:dc:18:5f brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.55.128/24 brd 192.168.55.255 scope global dynamic ens38
       valid_lft 1752sec preferred_lft 1752sec
    inet6 fe80::20c:29ff:fedc:185f/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
[root@host ~]$curl http://192.168.55.128       # 访问
<!DOCTYPE>
<h1>
    CentOS 7.3
</h1>

创建指定文件目录

[root@host conf.d]$mkdir -pv /web/vhosts/www1
[root@host conf.d]$mkdir -pv /web/vhosts/www2
[root@host conf.d]$mkdir -pv /var/log/httpd/www2
[root@host conf.d]$mkdir -pv /var/log/httpd/www1

 

根据要求填写虚拟主机配置信息

# path /etc/httpd/conf.d/vir.conf      # 配置文件全路径
#virtual host 1     # 虚拟主机1的配置
<VirtualHost 192.168.55.128:80>
    ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/www1/error_log"
    CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/www1/access_log" combined
    <Location /server-status>
        SetHandler server-status
    </Location>
    <Directory /web/vhosts/www1>
        <RequireAll>
        Require all granted
        Require not ip 192.168.1
        </RequireAll>
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>
# virtual host 2     # 虚拟主机2的配置
<VirtualHost 192.168.55.128:80>
    ServerName www2.stuX.com
    DocumentRoot "/web/vhosts/www2"
    ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/www2/error_log"
    CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/www2/access_log" combined
    <Directory /web/vhosts/www2>
        <RequireAll>
          Require all granted
        </RequireAll>
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

创建www1和www2的index页面 

[root@host conf.d]$cat /web/vhosts/www1/index.html
welcome to www1
thank you
[root@host conf.d]$cat  /web/vhosts/www2/index.html 
welcome to www2
thank you

重载httpd配置文件

[root@host conf.d]$httpd -t
Syntax OK
[root@host conf.d]$systemctl reload httpd.service 

 

修改客户端主机的hosts文件,以便能解析域名

hosts在windows环境下的路径为C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc。在该文件中添加两行

192.168.55.128 www1.stuX.com
192.168.55.128 www2.stuX.com

访问结果

图1  访问www1站点

 

图2  访问www2站点

 

 

图3  查看www1站点的访问状态——正常

 

图4  查看www2站点的访问状态错误

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-10/148077.htm

linux
本文评论   查看全部评论 (0)
表情: 表情 姓名: 字数

       

评论声明
  • 尊重网上道德,遵守中华人民共和国的各项有关法律法规
  • 承担一切因您的行为而直接或间接导致的民事或刑事法律责任
  • 本站管理人员有权保留或删除其管辖留言中的任意内容
  • 本站有权在网站内转载或引用您的评论
  • 参与本评论即表明您已经阅读并接受上述条款