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以CentOS 6.8系统为例部署Oracle 11g RAC和DNS配置

[日期:2018-06-10] 来源:Linux社区  作者:张欣橙 [字体: ]

本文章以两个节点为例进行安装

在virtual box创建虚拟机时,网卡1为桥接网卡,网卡二为仅主机模式

创建两块磁盘,模式设置为可共享,都添加到两个虚拟机中

在虚拟介质管理中进行设置

 

虚拟机的创建明细如下

 

在两个系统安装完成后,进入network connection配置

把动态地址改为静态地址,手动输入地址、子网掩码及网关

将两个节点的公共网卡地址写入DNS server

 进入 /etc/hosts 写入两个节点的网卡信息

[root@rac01 ~]# vi /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6

192.168.56.101 rac01

192.168.56.102 rac02

192.168.56.111 rac01-vip

192.168.56.112 rac02-vip

192.168.1.142 rac01-priv

192.168.1.109 rac02-priv

192.168.56.156 cluster-scan

 

配置本地Yum源

[root@rac01 Packages]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
[root@rac01 yum.repos.d]# ls
CentOS-Base.repo CentOS-Debuginfo.repo CentOS-fasttrack.repo CentOS-Media.repo CentOS-Vault.repo
[root@rac01 yum.repos.d]# rm -rf *

[root@rac01 yum.repos.d]# vi local.repo
[kingsql]
name=This is kingsql repo
baseurl=file:///rpm/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
[root@rac01 yum.repos.d]# mkdir -p /rpm
[root@rac01 yum.repos.d]# cd /rpm

[root@rac01 rpm]cp /root/Packages/* /rpm/

rpm -ivh vsftpd-2.2.2-12.el6_5.1.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh deltarpm-3.5-0.5.20090913git.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh python-deltarpm-3.5-0.5.20090913git.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh libxml2-2.7.6-14.el6_5.2.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh libxml2-python-2.7.6-14.el6_5.2.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh createrepo-0.9.9-22.el6.noarch.rpm

[root@rac01 rpm]# createrepo ./
[root@rac01 rpm]# yum clean all
[root@rac01 rpm]# yum makecache

[root@rac01 rpm]#yum install -y libXp* xterm* unixODBC* sysstat* make* libstdc++* libgomp* libgcc* libaio* kernel-headers* glibc* gcc* elfutils* binutils* bind bind-devel bind-chroot caching-nameserver compat-libcap1* compat-libstdc++-33* openssh* xdpyinfo vi unzip

 

进行DNS配置

vi /etc/named.conf

options {
listen-on port 53 { any; };
directory "/var/named";
dump-file "/var/named/data/cache_dump.db";
statistics-file "/var/named/data/named_stats.txt";
memstatistics-file "/var/named/data/named_mem_stats.txt";
allow-query { any; };
recursion yes;

dnssec-enable yes;
dnssec-validation yes;

/* Path to ISC DLV key */
bindkeys-file "/etc/named.iscdlv.key";

managed-keys-directory "/var/named/dynamic";
};

logging {
channel default_debug {
file "data/named.run";
severity dynamic;
};
};

zone "." IN {
type hint;
file "/dev/null";
};

zone "kingsql.org" IN {
type master;
file "kingsql.org.zone";
};

zone "56.168.192.in-addr.arpa" {
type master;
file "192.168.56.rev";
};

[root@rac01 named]# cd /var/named
[root@rac01 named]# pwd
/var/named
[root@rac01 named]# vi kingsql.org.zone
$TTL 1D
@ IN SOA kingsql.org. hostmaster.kingsql.org. (
0 ; serial
1D ; refresh
1H ; retry
1W ; expire
3H ) ; minimum
@ IN NS ns1.kingsql.org.
ns1 IN A 192.168.56.101

ns2 IN A 192.168.56.102
cluster-scan IN A 192.168.56.156
cluster-scan IN A 192.168.56.157
cluster-scan IN A 192.168.56.158
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[root@rac01 named]# vi 192.168.56.rev
$TTL 1D
@ IN SOA kingsql.org. hostmaster.kingsql.org. (
0 ; serial
1D ; refresh
1H ; retry
1W ; expire
3H ) ; minimum
@ IN NS ns1.kingsql.org.
ns1 IN A 192.168.56.101

ns2 IN A 192.168.56.102
156 IN PTR cluster-scan.kingsql.org.
157 IN PTR cluster-scan.kingsql.org.
158 IN PTR cluster-scan.kingsql.org.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
service network restart

查看name server

cat /etc/resolv.conf
# Generated by NetworkManager
nameserver 192.168.56.101

chkconfig named on ##设置开机自启动

DNS解析服务启动

service named start
Starting named: [ OK ]

nslookup cluster-scan.kingsql.org
nslookup 192.168.56.156
nslookup 192.168.56.157
nslookup 192.168.56.158

 

 补一个rpm 包 rpm -ivh pdksh-5.2.14-30.x86_64.rpm

 

禁用防火墙,关闭防火墙服务

chkconfig iptables off
service iptables stop

 修改selinux/config内的文件

vi /etc/selinux/config
# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
# SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
# enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced.
# permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
# disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded.
SELINUX=disabled
# SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these two values:
# targeted - Targeted processes are protected,
# mls - Multi Level Security protection.
SELINUXTYPE=targeted

 

 创建用户和组

groupadd -g 2000 oinstall
groupadd -g 2200 asmadmin
groupadd -g 2201 asmdba
groupadd -g 2202 asmoper
groupadd -g 2300 dba
groupadd -g 2301 oper
useradd -m -u 1100 -g oinstall -G asmadmin,asmdba,asmoper,dba -d /home/grid -s /bin/bash -c "Grid Infrastructure Owner" grid
useradd -m -u 1101 -g oinstall -G dba,oper,asmdba -d /home/Oracle -s /bin/bash -c "Oracle Software Owner" oracle
passwd grid
passwd oracle

 

 修改用户和组的权限

mkdir -p /opt/ora11g/grid
mkdir -p /opt/ora11g/11.2.4/grid
chown -R grid:oinstall /opt
mkdir -p /opt/ora11g/oracle
chown oracle:oinstall /opt/ora11g/oracle
chmod -R 775 /opt

 

切换到oracle用户

修改环境变量

注意在配置环境变量时,两个节点的oracle_sid是不同的,要记得修改

[oracle@rac1 ~]$ vi .bash_profile
# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
. ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin

export PATH

export ORACLE_BASE=/opt/ora11g/oracle
export ORACLE_HOME=/opt/ora11g/oracle/product/11.2.4/dbhome_1
export ORACLE_SID=kingsql1 #2节点是kingsql2
export ORACLE_TERM=xterm
export PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH
export PATH=/opt/ora11g/ogg:$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/ora11g/ogg:$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib
export NLS_DATE_FORMAT="yyyy-mm-dd HH24:MI:SS"
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8
export LANG=C
export ORACLE_UNQNAME=kingsql


if [ $USER = "oracle" ] || [ $USER = "grid" ]; then
if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
ulimit -p 16384
ulimit -n 65536
else
ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
fi
umask 022
fi

 

切换到grid用户

修改环境变量

[grid@rac1 ~]$ vi .bash_profile
# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
. ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin

export PATH


export ORACLE_BASE=/opt/ora11g/grid
export ORACLE_HOME=/opt/ora11g/11.2.4/grid
export ORACLE_SID=+ASM1 #2节点是+ASM2
export PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH
export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib
export CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib


if [ $USER = "oracle" ] || [ $USER = "grid" ]; then
if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
ulimit -p 16384
ulimit -n 65536
else
ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
fi
umask 022
fi
export LANG=C

 

切换到root用户

修改sysctl.conf文件

vi /etc/sysctl.conf
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048586

将修改从硬盘刷新到内存

/sbin/sysctl -p

修改/security/limits.conf文件

vi /etc/security/limits.conf
grid soft nproc 2047
grid hard nproc 16384
grid soft nofile 1024
grid hard nofile 65536
oracle soft nproc 2047
oracle hard nproc 16384
oracle soft nofile 1024
oracle hard nofile 65536

修改pam,d/login文件
vi /etc/pam.d/login

session required pam_limits.so

关闭ntpd时间同步服务

[root@rac1 ~]# service ntpd stop
关闭 ntpd: [失败]
[root@rac1 ~]# chkconfig ntpd off
[root@rac1 ~]# mv /etc/ntp.conf /etc/ntp.conf.original
[root@rac1 ~]# rm -rf /var/run/ntpd.pid

fdisk -l查看之前添加的两块硬盘的名称

查看这两块硬盘的磁盘号

[root@rac1 ~]# /sbin/scsi_id -u -g /dev/sdb
1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB1274608b-98003b66
[root@rac1 ~]# /sbin/scsi_id -u -g /dev/sdc
1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBbf237514-f3435ff0

 

编写/etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules


KERNEL=="sd*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB1274608b-98003b66", NAME="asm-disk1", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sd*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBbf237514-f3435ff0", NAME="asm-disk2", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"

复制到节点2

[root@rac1 ~]# scp /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules rac02:/etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules

 

 

[root@rac01 ~]# start_udev
Starting udev: [ OK ]

查看添加好的磁盘

[root@rac1 ~]# ls -l /dev/asm*
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 16 9月 18 11:49 /dev/asm-disk1
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 32 9月 18 11:49 /dev/asm-disk2

 将oracle集群件压缩包传进来,进行解压,安装解压后的集群件rpm包

[root@rac01 ~]# mv p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_3of7.zip /home/grid/
[grid@rac01 ~]$ cd grid/
[grid@rac01 grid]$ ls
install response runInstaller sshsetup welcome.html
readme.html rpm runcluvfy.sh stage
[grid@rac01 grid]$ cd rpm/
[grid@rac01 rpm]$ ls
cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1.rpm

[grid@rac01 rpm]$ su root
Password:

[root@rac1 ~]# rpm -ivh /home/grid/grid/rpm/cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1.rpm
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
Using default group oinstall to install package
1:cvuqdisk ########################################### [100%]

 

 [grid@rac01 grid]$ ./runInstaller  启动集群件安装图形化

选择跳过软件更新

选择安装和配置oracle grid infrastructure

 选择高级安装

 

 选择语言

 

 输入scan name和端口号

 

 添加节点2

配置ssh互信

 

 

 

 选择oracle ASM安装

 

 选择external不冗余,选择其中一块硬盘

 

 设定密码

 选择不使用IPM

 

 

 

 

 

 在安装过程中需要在命令行输入脚本

输入脚本的顺序为:

节点1:脚本1

节点2:脚本1

节点1:脚本2

节点2:脚本2

 

之后完成集群件的安装

 

启动asmca

选择create

 选择不冗余

 

 选择mount all

 

 


查看crs状态(实例与监听,后面启动) 

[grid@rac01 ~]$ crsctl status res -t

 

 注销切换到Oracle用户

 启动Oracle客户端程序安装

不勾选接受支持(因为不是花钱买的正版呀)

 选择跳过软件更新

 

 选择仅安装数据库软件

 

 配置SSH

 

 选择语言

 

 选择企业版

 

 

 

 

 

 这个警告是要求Ping cluster-scan。 可略过

 

 

 

 执行安装

 

 

分别在节点1节点2上

执行脚本

/opt/ora11g/oracle/product/11.2.4/dbhome_1/root.sh 

 

启动dbca图形化

create database

 

 

 选择 Select all 输入数据库名和SID

 

 不勾选

 

 

 

 设定数据库口令

 

 

 

 

 

 

 设定字符集

 

 勾选第二项执行脚本

 

 

 安装完成后,分别在节点一二查看实例名,验证是否安装成功

节点2Oracle用户

节点2grid用户

节点1Oracle用户

节点1grid用户

 

 

 


[root@rac01 Packages]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
[root@rac01 yum.repos.d]# ls
CentOS-Base.repo CentOS-Debuginfo.repo CentOS-fasttrack.repo CentOS-Media.repo CentOS-Vault.repo
[root@rac01 yum.repos.d]# rm -rf *

[root@rac01 yum.repos.d]# vi local.repo
[kingsql]
name=This is kingsql repo
baseurl=file:///rpm/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
[root@rac01 yum.repos.d]# mkdir -p /rpm
[root@rac01 yum.repos.d]# cd /rpm

[root@rac01 rpm]cp /root/Packages/* /rpm/

rpm -ivh vsftpd-2.2.2-12.el6_5.1.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh deltarpm-3.5-0.5.20090913git.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh python-deltarpm-3.5-0.5.20090913git.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh libxml2-2.7.6-14.el6_5.2.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh libxml2-python-2.7.6-14.el6_5.2.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh createrepo-0.9.9-22.el6.noarch.rpm

[root@rac01 rpm]# createrepo ./
[root@rac01 rpm]# yum clean all
[root@rac01 rpm]# yum makecache

[root@rac01 rpm]#yum install -y libXp* xterm* unixODBC* sysstat* make* libstdc++* libgomp* libgcc* libaio* kernel-headers* glibc* gcc* elfutils* binutils* bind bind-devel bind-chroot caching-nameserver compat-libcap1* compat-libstdc++-33* openssh* xdpyinfo vi unzip
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
vi /etc/named.conf

options {
listen-on port 53 { any; };
directory "/var/named";
dump-file "/var/named/data/cache_dump.db";
statistics-file "/var/named/data/named_stats.txt";
memstatistics-file "/var/named/data/named_mem_stats.txt";
allow-query { any; };
recursion yes;

dnssec-enable yes;
dnssec-validation yes;

/* Path to ISC DLV key */
bindkeys-file "/etc/named.iscdlv.key";

managed-keys-directory "/var/named/dynamic";
};

logging {
channel default_debug {
file "data/named.run";
severity dynamic;
};
};

zone "." IN {
type hint;
file "/dev/null";
};

zone "kingsql.org" IN {
type master;
file "kingsql.org.zone";
};

zone "56.168.192.in-addr.arpa" {
type master;
file "192.168.56.rev";
};

[root@rac01 named]# cd /var/named
[root@rac01 named]# pwd
/var/named
[root@rac01 named]# vi kingsql.org.zone
$TTL 1D
@ IN SOA kingsql.org. hostmaster.kingsql.org. (
0 ; serial
1D ; refresh
1H ; retry
1W ; expire
3H ) ; minimum
@ IN NS ns1.kingsql.org.
ns1 IN A 192.168.56.101
cluster-scan IN A 192.168.56.156
cluster-scan IN A 192.168.56.157
cluster-scan IN A 192.168.56.158
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[root@rac01 named]# vi 192.168.56.rev
$TTL 1D
@ IN SOA kingsql.org. hostmaster.kingsql.org. (
0 ; serial
1D ; refresh
1H ; retry
1W ; expire
3H ) ; minimum
@ IN NS ns1.kingsql.org.
ns1 IN A 192.168.56.101
156 IN PTR cluster-scan.kingsql.org.
157 IN PTR cluster-scan.kingsql.org.
158 IN PTR cluster-scan.kingsql.org.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
service network restart

cat /etc/resolv.conf
# Generated by NetworkManager
nameserver 192.168.56.101

chkconfig named on ##设置开机自启动

service named start
Starting named: [ OK ]

nslookup cluster-scan.kingsql.org
nslookup 192.168.56.156
nslookup 192.168.56.157
nslookup 192.168.56.158
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpm -ivh pdksh-5.2.14-30.x86_64.rpm

chkconfig iptables off
service iptables stop

vi /etc/selinux/config
# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
# SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
# enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced.
# permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
# disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded.
SELINUX=disabled
# SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these two values:
# targeted - Targeted processes are protected,
# mls - Multi Level Security protection.
SELINUXTYPE=targeted

groupadd -g 2000 oinstall
groupadd -g 2200 asmadmin
groupadd -g 2201 asmdba
groupadd -g 2202 asmoper
groupadd -g 2300 dba
groupadd -g 2301 oper
useradd -m -u 1100 -g oinstall -G asmadmin,asmdba,asmoper,dba -d /home/grid -s /bin/bash -c "Grid Infrastructure Owner" grid
useradd -m -u 1101 -g oinstall -G dba,oper,asmdba -d /home/oracle -s /bin/bash -c "Oracle Software Owner" oracle
passwd grid
passwd oracle

mkdir -p /opt/ora11g/grid
mkdir -p /opt/ora11g/11.2.4/grid
chown -R grid:oinstall /opt
mkdir -p /opt/ora11g/oracle
chown oracle:oinstall /opt/ora11g/oracle
chmod -R 775 /opt

su - oracle

[oracle@rac1 ~]$ vi .bash_profile
# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
. ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin

export PATH

export ORACLE_BASE=/opt/ora11g/oracle
export ORACLE_HOME=/opt/ora11g/oracle/product/11.2.4/dbhome_1
export ORACLE_SID=kingsql1 #2节点是kingsql2
export ORACLE_TERM=xterm
export PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH
export PATH=/opt/ora11g/ogg:$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/ora11g/ogg:$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib
export NLS_DATE_FORMAT="yyyy-mm-dd HH24:MI:SS"
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8
export LANG=C
export ORACLE_UNQNAME=kingsql


if [ $USER = "oracle" ] || [ $USER = "grid" ]; then
if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
ulimit -p 16384
ulimit -n 65536
else
ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
fi
umask 022
fi

su - grid

[grid@rac1 ~]$ vi .bash_profile
# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
. ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin

export PATH


export ORACLE_BASE=/opt/ora11g/grid
export ORACLE_HOME=/opt/ora11g/11.2.4/grid
export ORACLE_SID=+ASM1 #2节点是+ASM2
export PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH
export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib
export CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib


if [ $USER = "oracle" ] || [ $USER = "grid" ]; then
if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
ulimit -p 16384
ulimit -n 65536
else
ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
fi
umask 022
fi
export LANG=C


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

su - root

vi /etc/sysctl.conf
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048586

/sbin/sysctl -p

vi /etc/security/limits.conf
grid soft nproc 2047
grid hard nproc 16384
grid soft nofile 1024
grid hard nofile 65536
oracle soft nproc 2047
oracle hard nproc 16384
oracle soft nofile 1024
oracle hard nofile 65536


vi /etc/pam.d/login

session required pam_limits.so

[root@rac1 ~]# service ntpd stop
关闭 ntpd: [失败]
[root@rac1 ~]# chkconfig ntpd off
[root@rac1 ~]# mv /etc/ntp.conf /etc/ntp.conf.original
[root@rac1 ~]# rm -rf /var/run/ntpd.pid
[root@rac01 ~]# shutdown -h now


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------[root@rac01 ~]# fdisk -l


vi /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules


查磁盘号
[root@rac1 ~]# /sbin/scsi_id -u -g /dev/sdb
1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB1274608b-98003b66
[root@rac1 ~]# /sbin/scsi_id -u -g /dev/sdc
1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBbf237514-f3435ff0
[root@rac1 ~]# /sbin/scsi_id -u -g /dev/sdd
1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBc894130b-2f10eef0
[root@rac1 ~]# /sbin/scsi_id -u -g /dev/sde
1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB58f6ed82-b0dc76dc
[root@rac1 ~]# /sbin/scsi_id -u -g /dev/sdf
1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB0e0cbf34-6238f247
[root@rac1 ~]# /sbin/scsi_id -u -g /dev/sdg
1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB98788216-29530089

rac1编写文件然后copy到其他节点
vi /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules

KERNEL=="sd*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB1274608b-98003b66", NAME="asm-disk1", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sd*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBbf237514-f3435ff0", NAME="asm-disk2", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sd*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBc894130b-2f10eef0", NAME="asm-disk3", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sd*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB58f6ed82-b0dc76dc", NAME="asm-disk4", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sd*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB0e0cbf34-6238f247", NAME="asm-disk5", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"
KERNEL=="sd*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB98788216-29530089", NAME="asm-disk6", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"

[root@rac1 ~]# scp /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules rac02:/etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules

[root@rac01 ~]# start_udev
Starting udev: [ OK ]

[root@rac1 ~]# ls -l /dev/asm*
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 16 9月 18 11:49 /dev/asm-disk1
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 32 9月 18 11:49 /dev/asm-disk2
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 48 9月 18 11:49 /dev/asm-disk3
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 64 9月 18 11:49 /dev/asm-disk4
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 80 9月 18 11:49 /dev/asm-disk5
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 96 9月 18 11:49 /dev/asm-disk6


[root@rac01 ~]# mv p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_3of7.zip /home/grid/
[grid@rac01 ~]$ cd grid/
[grid@rac01 grid]$ ls
install response runInstaller sshsetup welcome.html
readme.html rpm runcluvfy.sh stage
[grid@rac01 grid]$ cd rpm/
[grid@rac01 rpm]$ ls
cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1.rpm

[grid@rac01 rpm]$ su root
Password:

[root@rac1 ~]# rpm -ivh /home/grid/grid/rpm/cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1.rpm
Preparing... ########################################### [100%]
Using default group oinstall to install package
1:cvuqdisk ########################################### [100%]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[root@rac01 ~]# vi /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6

192.168.56.101 rac01

192.168.56.111 rac01-vip

192.168.1.229 rac01-priv

192.168.56.156 cluster-scan

[grid@rac01 grid]$ ./runInstaller

[root@rac01 ~]# /opt/ora11g/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh

[root@rac01 ~]# /opt/ora11g/11.2.4/grid/root.sh

[root@rac01 ~]# su - grid
[grid@rac01 ~]$ crsctl status res -t

[grid@rac01 ~]$ ping cluster-scan.kingsql.org

[root@rac01 ~]# ping rac01-vip

 

asmca

 

[root@rac01 ~]# su - oracle
[oracle@rac01 ~]$
[oracle@rac01 ~]$ ls
p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_1of7.zip p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_2of7.zip
[oracle@rac01 ~]$ unzip p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_1of7.zip
[oracle@rac01 ~]$ unzip p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_2of7.zip

[oracle@rac01 database]$ ./runInstaller

 

[root@rac01 ~]# /opt/ora11g/oracle/product/11.2.4/dbhome_1/root.sh


[root@rac01 ~]# su - grid
[grid@rac01 ~]$ crsctl status res -t

dbca

[root@rac01 ~]# cd /opt/ora11g/oracle/admin/kingsql/scripts/
[root@rac01 scripts]# ls
cloneDBCreation.sql init.ora postDBCreation.sql
CloneRmanRestore.sql kingsql1.sh postScripts.sql
CreateClustDBViews.sql kingsql1.sql rmanRestoreDatafiles.sql
initkingsqlTemp.ora lockAccount.sql
[root@rac01 scripts]# cat kingsql1.sql


[oracle@rac01 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba


SQL> show parameter db_unique
NAME TYPE VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_unique_name string kingsql
SQL> select instance_name from v$instance;

INSTANCE_NAME
----------------
kingsql1

SQL> quit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
[oracle@rac01 ~]$ exit
logout
[root@rac01 scripts]# su - grid
[grid@rac01 ~]$ crsctl status res 0t
CRS-2613: Could not find resource '0t'.
[grid@rac01 ~]$ crsctl status res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME TARGET STATE SERVER STATE_DETAILS
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.DATA.dg
ONLINE ONLINE rac01
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE rac01
ora.OCR.dg
ONLINE ONLINE rac01
ora.asm
ONLINE ONLINE rac01 Started
ora.gsd
OFFLINE OFFLINE rac01
ora.net1.network
ONLINE ONLINE rac01
ora.ons
ONLINE ONLINE rac01
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
1 ONLINE ONLINE rac01
ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr
1 ONLINE ONLINE rac01
ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr
1 ONLINE ONLINE rac01
ora.cvu
1 ONLINE ONLINE rac01
ora.kingsql.db
1 ONLINE ONLINE rac01 Open
ora.oc4j
1 ONLINE ONLINE rac01
ora.rac01.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE rac01
ora.scan1.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE rac01
ora.scan2.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE rac01
ora.scan3.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE rac01


[grid@rac01 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Tue May 15 00:59:29 2018

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

SQL> show parameter db_unique

NAME TYPE VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_unique_name string +ASM
SQL> select instance_name from v$instance;

INSTANCE_NAME
----------------
+ASM1

SQL> quit

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