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一键安装MySQL 5.7与密码及策略修改

[日期:2018-10-14] 来源:Linux社区  作者:yangleitao [字体: ]

一、一键安装MySQL脚本

[root@linuxidc ~]# cat InstallMysql01.sh
#!/bin/bash
#2018-10-13
#旅行者-Travel
#1.安装wget
yum -y install  wget
#2、下载mysql的yum源
URL="https://repo.mysql.com//mysql80-community-release-el7-1.noarch.rpm"
wget $URL -P /etc/yum.repos.d/
yum -y install yum-utils  #如果没有该包,下边执行yum-config-manager不生效
yum -y install /etc/yum.repos.d/mysql80-community-release-el7-1.noarch.rpm
    if [ $? -eq 0 ];then
        rm -rf /etc/yum.repos.d/mysql80-community-release-el7-1.noarch*
    fi
yum-config-manager --disable mysql80-community
yum-config-manager --enable mysql57-community
yum -y install mysql-community-server
    sleep 5
    systemctl start mysqld 
    systemctl enable mysqld
    systemctl status mysqld
    if [ $? -eq 0 ];then
        echo -e "install succefull"
        result="`grep 'temporary password' /var/log/mysqld.log`"
        p1="`echo $result |awk '{print $NF}'`"
        echo "数据库密码为:$p1"
   
    fi
[root@linuxidc ~]#

二、修改策略和密码

执行完以上脚本可以看到MySQL的密码,如下方法登录修改策略,因为默认密码要求比较高,可以根据自己需求来决定是否更改策略:

install succefull
数据库密码为:9aTR&ok>f;1K
[root@linuxidc ~]# mysql -uroot -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 2
Server version: 5.7.23

Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> set global validate_password_policy=0;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> set global validate_password_length=4;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>  alter user 'root'@'localhost' identified by 'Yanglt123.';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>  flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> quit

三、数据库密码策略:

1、查看数据库策略:

因为上文已经将 validate_password_length 值改为4,所以下文显示为4,默认情况下为8

 

[root@linuxidc ~]# mysql -uroot -p
.....
Server version: 5.7.23 MySQL Community
......
mysql> show variables like 'validate_password%';
+--------------------------------------+-------+
| Variable_name                        | Value |
+--------------------------------------+-------+
| validate_password_check_user_name    | OFF  |
| validate_password_dictionary_file    |      |
| validate_password_length            | 4    |
| validate_password_mixed_case_count  | 1    |
| validate_password_number_count      | 1    |
| validate_password_policy            | LOW  |
| validate_password_special_char_count | 1    |
+--------------------------------------+-------+
7 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>

 

2、各项值说明

validate_password_policy:密码安全策略,默认MEDIUM策略

策略 检查规则
0 or LOW Length
1 or MEDIUM Length; numeric, lowercase/uppercase, and special characters
2 or STRONG Length; numeric, lowercase/uppercase, and special characters; dictionary file

 

 

 

   

validate_password_dictionary_file:密码策略文件,策略为STRONG才需要

validate_password_length:密码最少长度 ,测试发现最小值得为4。

validate_password_mixed_case_count:大小写字符长度,至少1个

validate_password_number_count :数字至少1个

validate_password_special_char_count:特殊字符至少1个

3、修改策略,跟上文第二操作一样

mysql> set global validate_password_policy=0;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> set global validate_password_length=4;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec),
mysql>  flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

4、修改简单密码测试

mysql> alter user 'root'@'localhost' identified by '1234'; #测试发现密码长度最少为4位
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> quit
Bye
[root@linuxidc ~]# mysql -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 5
Server version: 5.7.23 MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql>

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