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Zabbix调用api检索方法

[日期:2019-03-24] 来源:Linux社区  作者:omgasw [字体: ]

环境

zabbix:172.16.128.16;zabbix_web:172.16.16.16/zabbix

用户名:Admin 密码:zabbix

获取的数据仅做参考,以Linux发送HTTP的POST请求为例

a.登录并获取身份验证令牌

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "method": "user.login",
    "params": {
        "user": "Admin",
        "password": "zabbix"
    },
    "id": 1,
    "auth": null
}

curl -H "Content-Type: application/json-rpc" -d '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"user.login","params":{"user":"Admin","password":"zabbix"},"id":1,"auth":null}' http://172.16.128.16/zabbix/api_jsonrpc.php

如果你正确提供了凭据,API返回的响应将包含用户身份验证令牌

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",  #jsonrpc - JSON-RPC协议的版本
    "result": "7ef823a58b59c1a17f519fe4d0e3cc44",  #result - 方法返回的数据
    "id": 1  #id - 相应请求的标识符
}

b.检索所有已配置主机ID,主机名和接口

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "method": "host.get",
    "params": {
        "output": [
            "hostid",
            "host"
        ],
        "selectInterfaces": [
            "interfaceid",
            "ip"
        ]
    },
    "id": 1,
    "auth": "7ef823a58b59c1a17f519fe4d0e3cc44"  #auth - 属性现在设置为我们通过调用user.login方法获得的身份验证令牌
}

curl -H "Content-Type: application/json-rpc" -d '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"host.get","params":{"output":["hostid","host"],"selectInterfaces":["interfaceid","ip"]},"id":1,"auth":"7ef823a58b59c1a17f519fe4d0e3cc44"}' http://172.16.128.16/zabbix/api_jsonrpc.php

c.由获取到的 hostid 利用 item.get 得到 itemid 以及其 lastvalue

curl -H 'Content-Type: application/json-rpc' -d '{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method":"host.get","params":{"output":["hostid"],"filter": {"host":"50278791-59ab-2966-e86a-e04cd01eff6a"}},"auth": "7ef823a58b59c1a17f519fe4d0e3cc44","id":1}' http://172.16.128.16/zabbix/api_jsonrpc.php  #通过host名称,检索hostid

curl -H "Content-Type: application/json-rpc" -d '{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method": "item.get","params": {"output": "extend","hostids": "27789","search": {"key_": "vmware.vm.cpu.usage"},"sortfield": "name"},"id":1,"auth":"7ef823a58b59c1a17f519fe4d0e3cc44"}' http://172.16.128.16/zabbix/api_jsonrpc.php  #通过hostid,获取itemid 及其lastvalue值

curl -H "Content-Type: application/json-rpc" -d '{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method": "item.get","params": {"output": "extend","hostids": "27789","itemids": "1095468","sortfield": "name"},"id":1,"auth":"7ef823a58b59c1a17f519fe4d0e3cc44"}' http://172.16.128.16/zabbix/api_jsonrpc.php  #通过hostid和itemid,检索lastvalue值

d.获取监控项历史数据

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "method": "history.get",
    "params": {
        "output": "extend",
        "history": 3,  #对象类型
        "itemids": "1095468",
        "sortfield": "clock",
        "sortorder": "DESC",
        "limit": 10  #数据数量
    },
    "auth": "7ef823a58b59c1a17f519fe4d0e3cc44",
    "id": 1
}

curl -H "Content-Type: application/json-rpc" -d '{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method": "history.get","params": {"output": "extend","history": 3,"itemids": "1095468","sortfield": "clock","sortorder": "DESC","limit":10},"id":1,"auth":"7ef823a58b59c1a17f519fe4d0e3cc44"}' http://172.16.128.16/zabbix/api_jsonrpc.php  #从无符号数字监控项中获取最近10条数据

e.检索多个itemid

curl -H "Content-Type: application/json-rpc" -d '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"history.get","params":{"output":"extend","hostids":"1095468","itemids":["26353","26352","26357","26356","26355","26354","26359","26358","25754","25750","25751","25748","25768","25755","25752","25759","25760","25753","25761","26348","26350","26349","26351","25749","25767","25756","25757","25758","25769","25770","25771"],"sortfield":"clock","sortorder":"DESC","limit": 31},"id":1,"auth":"7ef823a58b59c1a17f519fe4d0e3cc44"}' http://172.16.128.16/zabbix/api_jsonrpc.php

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