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MySQL修改 innodb_data_file_path 参数注意事项

[日期:2019-04-02] 来源:Linux社区  作者:moerjinrong [字体: ]

mysql 修改 innodb_data_file_path 参数注意事项

说明

在测试环境下没有设置过多的详细参数就初始化并启动了服务,后期优化的过程中发现innodb_data_file_path设置过小:

root@node1 14:59:  [(none)]> show variables like '%innodb_data_file_path%';
+-----------------------+------------------------+
| Variable_name         | Value                  |
+-----------------------+------------------------+
| innodb_data_file_path | ibdata1:12M:autoextend |
+-----------------------+------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

root@node1 14:59:  [(none)]>

当没有配置innodb_data_file_path时,默认innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:12M:autoextend

[mysqld]
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:12M:autoextend

当需要改为1G时,不能直接在配置文件把ibdata1改为1G,

[mysqld]
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:1G:autoextend

否则启动服务之后,从错误日志看到如下报错:

2019-03-29T06:47:32.044316Z 0 [ERROR] InnoDB: The Auto-extending innodb_system data file './ibdata1' is of a different size 768 pages (rounded down to MB) than specified in the .cnf file: initial 65536 pages, max 0 (relevant if non-zero) pages!

大致意思就是ibdata1的大小不是 65536page*16KB/1024KB=1G,而是 786page*16KB/1024KB=12M(未使用压缩页)

方法一:推荐

而应该再添加一个ibdata2:1G,如下:

[mysqld]
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:12M;ibdata2:1G:autoextend

重启数据库!

方法二:不推荐

直接改为如下的话

[mysqld]
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:1G:autoextend

可以删除$mysql_datadir目录下ibdata1、ib_logfile0、ib_logfile1文件:

rm -f ibdata* ib_logfile*

也可以启动MySQL,但是mysql错误日志里会报如下错误:

2019-03-29T07:10:47.844560Z 0 [Warning] Could not increase number of max_open_files to more than 5000 (request: 65535)
2019-03-29T07:10:47.844686Z 0 [Warning] Changed limits: table_open_cache: 1983 (requested 2000)
2019-03-29T07:10:48.028262Z 0 [Warning] 'NO_AUTO_CREATE_USER' sql mode was not set.
2019-03-29T07:10:48.147653Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Cannot open table mysql/plugin from the internal data dictionary of InnoDB though the .frm file for the table exists. Please refer to http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/innodb-troubleshooting.html for how to resolve the issue.
mysqld: Table 'mysql.plugin' doesn't exist
2019-03-29T07:10:48.147775Z 0 [ERROR] Can't open the mysql.plugin table. Please run mysql_upgrade to create it.
2019-03-29T07:10:48.163444Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Cannot open table mysql/gtid_executed from the internal data dictionary of InnoDB though the .frm file for the table exists. Please refer to http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/innodb-troubleshooting.html for how to resolve the issue.
mysqld: Table 'mysql.gtid_executed' doesn't exist
2019-03-29T07:10:48.163502Z 0 [Warning] Gtid table is not ready to be used. Table 'mysql.gtid_executed' cannot be opened.
2019-03-29T07:10:48.163658Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Cannot open table mysql/gtid_executed from the internal data dictionary of InnoDB though the .frm file for the table exists. Please refer to http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/innodb-troubleshooting.html for how to resolve the issue.
mysqld: Table 'mysql.gtid_executed' doesn't exist
2019-03-29T07:10:48.163711Z 0 [Warning] Gtid table is not ready to be used. Table 'mysql.gtid_executed' cannot be opened.
2019-03-29T07:10:48.164619Z 0 [Warning] Failed to set up SSL because of the following SSL library error: SSL context is not usable without certificate and private key
2019-03-29T07:10:48.166805Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Cannot open table mysql/server_cost from the internal data dictionary of InnoDB though the .frm file for the table exists. Please refer to http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/innodb-troubleshooting.html for how to resolve the issue.
2019-03-29T07:10:48.166891Z 0 [Warning] Failed to open optimizer cost constant tables

2019-03-29T07:10:48.168072Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Cannot open table mysql/time_zone_leap_second from the internal data dictionary of InnoDB though the .frm file for the table exists. Please refer to http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/innodb-troubleshooting.html for how to resolve the issue.
2019-03-29T07:10:48.168165Z 0 [Warning] Can't open and lock time zone table: Table 'mysql.time_zone_leap_second' doesn't exist trying to live without them
2019-03-29T07:10:48.169454Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Cannot open table mysql/servers from the internal data dictionary of InnoDB though the .frm file for the table exists. Please refer to http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/innodb-troubleshooting.html for how to resolve the issue.
2019-03-29T07:10:48.169527Z 0 [ERROR] Can't open and lock privilege tables: Table 'mysql.servers' doesn't exist
2019-03-29T07:10:48.170042Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Cannot open table mysql/slave_master_info from the internal data dictionary of InnoDB though the .frm file for the table exists. Please refer to http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/innodb-troubleshooting.html for how to resolve the issue.
2019-03-29T07:10:48.170617Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Cannot open table mysql/slave_relay_log_info from the internal data dictionary of InnoDB though the .frm file for the table exists. Please refer to http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/innodb-troubleshooting.html for how to resolve the issue.
2019-03-29T07:10:48.170946Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Cannot open table mysql/slave_master_info from the internal data dictionary of InnoDB though the .frm file for the table exists. Please refer to http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/innodb-troubleshooting.html for how to resolve the issue.
2019-03-29T07:10:48.171046Z 0 [Warning] Info table is not ready to be used. Table 'mysql.slave_master_info' cannot be opened.
2019-03-29T07:10:48.171272Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Cannot open table mysql/slave_worker_info from the internal data dictionary of InnoDB though the .frm file for the table exists. Please refer to http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/innodb-troubleshooting.html for how to resolve the issue.
2019-03-29T07:10:48.171626Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Cannot open table mysql/slave_relay_log_info from the internal data dictionary of InnoDB though the .frm file for the table exists. Please refer to http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/innodb-troubleshooting.html for how to resolve the issue.
2019-03-29T07:10:48.171688Z 0 [Warning] Info table is not ready to be used. Table 'mysql.slave_relay_log_info' cannot be opened.

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