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CentOS 7.6 下MySQL 8.0.16编译安装

[日期:2019-07-08] 来源:Linux社区  作者:shawnloong [字体: ]

1.最小化安装CentOS 7.6系统 

2.安装基础包 

yum -y install ntpdate gcc gcc-c++ ncurses ncurses-devel cmake readline-devel zlib.x86_64 zlib-devel.x86_64 bison libcurl-* net-tool* tree nmap sysstat lrzsz dos2unix telnet.x86_64 nethogs iftop iotop unzip ftp.x86_

64 xfs* expect vim wget psmisc openssh-client* libaio libaio1 libnuma openssl-devel bzip2

3.基础环境配置

systemctl stop firewalld

systemctl disabled firewalld

systemctl stop postfix

systemctl disable postfix

sed -i 's/^SELINUX=.*/SELINUX=disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config && cat /etc/selinux/config >> ${tmplog_dir}/base.log 2>&1

setenforce 0

getenforce


4.内核参数修改

echo "vm.swappiness=10">>/etc/sysctl.conf

echo "net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle=1">>/etc/sysctl.conf

echo "net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse=1">>/etc/sysctl.conf

echo "vm.dirty_background_ratio=8">>/etc/sysctl.conf

echo "* soft nofile 1024000" >>/etc/security/limits.conf

echo "* hard nofile 1024000" >>/etc/security/limits.conf

数据盘挂挂载参数
rw,noatime,nodiratime,nobarrier

5.升级gcc

mkdir /usr/local/tools && cd /usr/local/tools

wget http://ftp.tsukuba.wide.ad.jp/software/gcc/releases/gcc-5.5.0/gcc-5.5.0.tar.xz

tar xf gcc-5.5.0.tar.xz

cd gcc-5.5.0

./contrib/download_prerequisites

mkdir build && cd build

../configure --enable-checking=release --enable-languages=c,c++ --disable-multilib

make && make install


6.升级cmake


建议另外开一个session防止环境变量未生效

cd /usr/local/tools

wget https://github.com/Kitware/CMake/releases/download/v3.14.5/cmake-3.14.5.tar.Z

./bootstrap

make && make install

如果出现以下错误
ibstdc++.so.6: version `CXXABI_1.3.9' not found (required by ./destructor)
处理如下:

find / -name "libstdc++.so*"

mv /usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.21 /tmp/

cp /usr/local/tools/gcc-5.5.0/build/x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu/libstdc++-v3/src/.libs/libstdc++.so.6.0.21 /usr/lib64/

mv /usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6 /tmp/

ln -s libstdc++.so.6.0.21 libstdc++.so.6


7.编译安装Mysql

cd /usr/local/tools

tar xf  mysql-boost-8.0.16.tar.gz

cd mysql-8.0.16

cmake . \

-DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/tools/mysql-8.0.16/boost/boost_1_69_0 \

-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql \

-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql3306/data \

-DWITHOUT_CSV_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITHOUT_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITHOUT_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DFORCE_INSOURCE_BUILD=1 \

-DWITH_SSL=system \

-DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=/usr/local/bin/g++ \

-DCMAKE_C_COMPILER=/usr/local/bin/gcc

make -j 8

make install


8.生成配置文件

cat /data/conf/my3306.cnf

[client]

port    = 3306

socket  = /data/mysql3306/data/mysql.sock

[mysql]

prompt="\u@netdatdb01-137-32 \R:\m:\s [\d]> "

no-auto-rehash

[mysqld]

user    = mysql

port    = 3306

basedir = /usr/local/mysql

datadir = /data/mysql3306/data

tmpdir = /data/mysql3306/tmp

socket  = /data/mysql3306/data/mysql.sock

pid-file = netdatdb01-137-32.pid

character-set-server = utf8mb4

skip_name_resolve = 1

#若你的MySQL数据库主要运行在境外,请务必根据实际情况调整本参数

default_time_zone = "+8:00"

open_files_limit    = 65535

back_log = 1024

max_connections = 512

max_connect_errors = 1000000

table_open_cache = 1024

table_definition_cache = 1024

table_open_cache_instances = 64

thread_stack = 512K

external-locking = FALSE

max_allowed_packet = 32M

sort_buffer_size = 4M

join_buffer_size = 4M

thread_cache_size = 768

interactive_timeout = 600

wait_timeout = 600

tmp_table_size = 32M

max_heap_table_size = 32M

slow_query_log = 1

log_timestamps = SYSTEM

slow_query_log_file = /data/mysql3306/slow.log

log-error = /data/mysql3306/error.log

long_query_time = 0.1

log_queries_not_using_indexes =1

log_throttle_queries_not_using_indexes = 60

min_examined_row_limit = 100

log_slow_admin_statements = 1

log_slow_slave_statements = 1

server-id = 3306

log-bin = /data/mysql3306/logs/mybinlog

sync_binlog = 1

binlog_cache_size = 4M

max_binlog_cache_size = 2G

max_binlog_size = 1G

#注意:MySQL 8.0开始,binlog_expire_logs_seconds选项也存在的话,会忽略expire_logs_days选项

expire_logs_days = 7

master_info_repository = TABLE

relay_log_info_repository = TABLE

gtid_mode = on

enforce_gtid_consistency = 1

log_slave_updates

slave-rows-search-algorithms = 'INDEX_SCAN,HASH_SCAN'

binlog_format = row

binlog_checksum = 1

relay_log_recovery = 1

relay-log-purge = 1

key_buffer_size = 32M

read_buffer_size = 8M

read_rnd_buffer_size = 4M

bulk_insert_buffer_size = 64M

myisam_sort_buffer_size = 128M

myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G

myisam_repair_threads = 1

lock_wait_timeout = 3600

explicit_defaults_for_timestamp = 1

innodb_thread_concurrency = 0

innodb_sync_spin_loops = 100

innodb_spin_wait_delay = 30

transaction_isolation = REPEATABLE-READ

#innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 16M

innodb_buffer_pool_size = 2867M

innodb_buffer_pool_instances = 4

innodb_buffer_pool_load_at_startup = 1

innodb_buffer_pool_dump_at_shutdown = 1

innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:1G:autoextend

innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1

innodb_log_buffer_size = 32M

innodb_log_file_size = 2G

innodb_log_files_in_group = 2

innodb_max_undo_log_size = 4G

innodb_undo_directory = /data/mysql3306/data/undolog

innodb_undo_tablespaces = 95

# 根据您的服务器IOPS能力适当调整

# 一般配普通SSD盘的话,可以调整到 10000 - 20000

# 配置高端PCIe SSD卡的话,则可以调整的更高,比如 50000 - 80000

innodb_io_capacity = 4000

innodb_io_capacity_max = 8000

innodb_flush_sync = 0

innodb_flush_neighbors = 0

innodb_write_io_threads = 8

innodb_read_io_threads = 8

innodb_purge_threads = 4

innodb_page_cleaners = 4

innodb_open_files = 65535

innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 50

innodb_flush_method = O_DIRECT

innodb_lru_scan_depth = 4000

innodb_checksum_algorithm = crc32

innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 10

innodb_rollback_on_timeout = 1

innodb_print_all_deadlocks = 1

innodb_file_per_table = 1

innodb_online_alter_log_max_size = 4G

innodb_stats_on_metadata = 0

#注意:MySQL 8.0.16开始删除该选项

#internal_tmp_disk_storage_engine = InnoDB

# some var for MySQL 8

log_error_verbosity = 3

innodb_print_ddl_logs = 1

binlog_expire_logs_seconds = 604800

#innodb_dedicated_server = 0

innodb_status_file = 1

#注意: 开启 innodb_status_output & innodb_status_output_locks 后, 可能会导致log-error文件增长较快

innodb_status_output = 0

innodb_status_output_locks = 0

#performance_schema

performance_schema = 1

performance_schema_instrument = '%memory%=on'

performance_schema_instrument = '%lock%=on'

#innodb monitor

innodb_monitor_enable="module_innodb"

innodb_monitor_enable="module_server"

innodb_monitor_enable="module_dml"

innodb_monitor_enable="module_ddl"

innodb_monitor_enable="module_trx"

innodb_monitor_enable="module_os"

innodb_monitor_enable="module_purge"

innodb_monitor_enable="module_log"

innodb_monitor_enable="module_lock"

innodb_monitor_enable="module_buffer"

innodb_monitor_enable="module_index"

innodb_monitor_enable="module_ibuf_system"

innodb_monitor_enable="module_buffer_page"

innodb_monitor_enable="module_adaptive_hash"

[mysqldump]

quick

max_allowed_packet = 32M


9.初始化数据库

mkdir -pv /data/{mysql3306/{data,logs,tmp},conf,scripts,dumpdir}

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld  --defaults-file=/data/conf/my3306.cnf --initialize --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql3306/data


10.配置启动脚本

#!/bin/sh

port="3306"

my_lp="3306_system"

mysql_bin="/usr/local/mysql/bin/"

mysql_sock="/data/mysql${port}/data/mysql.sock"

config_file="/data/conf/my3306.cnf"

#start Mysql Services

function_start_mysql()

{

    if [ ! -e "$mysql_sock" ];then

      printf "Starting MySQL_3306 ...\n"

      /bin/sh ${mysql_bin}/mysqld_safe --defaults-file=${config_file} 2>&1 > /dev/null &

    else

      printf "MySQL_3306 is running...\n"

      exit

    fi

}

#stop Mysql Services

function_stop_mysql()

{

    if [ ! -e "$mysql_sock" ];then

      printf "MySQL_3306 is stopped...\n"

      exit

    else

      printf "Stoping MySQL_3306...\n"

      ${mysql_bin}/mysqladmin --login-path=${my_lp} -S ${mysql_sock} shutdown

  fi

}

#restart Mysql Services

function_restart_mysql()

{

    printf "Restarting MySQL_3306...\n"

    function_stop_mysql

    sleep 2

    function_start_mysql

}

case $1 in

start)

    function_start_mysql

;;

stop)

    function_stop_mysql

;;

restart)

    function_restart_mysql

;;

*)

    printf "Usage: /data/scripts/mysql3306 {start|stop|restart}\n"

esac

chmod a+x /data/scripts/mysql3306

11.启动服务
/data/scripts/mysql3306 start


12.修改密码

mysql -uroot -p -S /data/mysql3306/data/mysql.sock

alter user user() identified by "netdata";

13.设置login-path

mysql_config_editor set --login-path=3306_root -uroot -p -S /data/mysql3306/data/mysql.sock

14.设置环境变量

echo "alias mysql3306='mysql --login-path=3306_root --defaults-file=/data/conf/my3306.cnf --default-character-set=utf8mb4'

">>~/.bashrc

source ~/.bashrc

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