手机版
你好,游客 登录 注册
背景:
阅读新闻

Oracle Linux 8.0 静默安装Oracle 19C

[日期:2019-08-17] 来源:cnblogs.com/yongestcat  作者:九命猫幺 [字体: ]

首先在edelivery中下载Oracle Linux 8.0

image然后就默认安装系统

image

image

环境准备工具目前不支持OL8,所以需要手动安装,首先设置内核参数,在/etc/sysctl.conf追加

[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/sysctl.conf |grep -v ^#|grep -v ^$
fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.shmall = 1073741824
kernel.shmmax = 4398046511104
kernel.panic_on_oops = 1
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 2
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 2
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
[root@localhost ~]#
 

sysctl -p使参数生效

然后/etc/security/limits.d/oracle-database-preinstall-19c.conf中添加

[root@localhost limits.d]# cat /etc/security/limits.d/oracle-database-preinstall-19c.conf
oracle  soft  nofile    1024
oracle  hard  nofile    65536
oracle  soft  nproc    16384
oracle  hard  nproc    16384
oracle  soft  stack    10240
oracle  hard  stack    32768
oracle  hard  memlock    134217728
oracle  soft  memlock    134217728
[root@localhost limits.d]#
 

安装依赖软件

dnf install -y bc binutils compat-libstdc++-33 elfutils-libelf elfutils-libelf-devel fontconfig-devel glibc glibc-devel ksh libaio libaio-devel libXrender libXrender-devel libX11 libXau libXi libXtst libgcc librdmacm-devel libstdc++ libstdc++-devel libxcb make net-tools nfs-utils Python3 python3-configshell python3-rtslib python3-six targetcli smartmontools sysstat unixODBC libnsl libnsl.i686 libnsl2 libnsl2.i686
 

创建用户组和用户

[root@localhost limits.d]# groupadd -g 1001 oinstall
[root@localhost limits.d]# groupadd -g 1002 dba
[root@localhost limits.d]# groupadd -g 1003 oper
[root@localhost limits.d]# useradd -u 1001 -g oinstall -G dba,oper oracle
[root@localhost limits.d]# passwd oracle
Changing password for user oracle.
New password:
BAD PASSWORD: The password is shorter than 8 characters
Retype new password:
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.
[root@localhost limits.d]#
 

创建目录

[root@localhost ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oraInventory
[root@localhost ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1
[root@localhost ~]# chown -R oracle: /u01/app/oraInventory
[root@localhost ~]# chown -R oracle: /u01/app/oracle
[root@localhost ~]# su - oracle
[oracle@localhost db]$ unzip -q /stage/db/V982063-01.zip -d /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1/
[oracle@localhost db]$
 

开始安装,注意版本兼容问题要先设置环境变量export CV_ASSUME_DISTID=RHEL7.6

[oracle@localhost ~]$ export CV_ASSUME_DISTID=RHEL7.6
[oracle@localhost ~]$ /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1/runInstaller -ignorePrereq -waitforcompletion -silent \
>    -responseFile /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1/install/response/db_install.rsp \
>    oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY \
> .ORACLE_HOSTNAME=OL8.0_19C \
>    UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall \
>    INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory \
>    SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en,en_GB \
>    ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1 \
>    ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle \
>    oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE \
>    oracle.install.db.OSDBA_GROUP=dba \
>    oracle.install.db.OSBACKUPDBA_GROUP=dba \
>    oracle.install.db.OSDGDBA_GROUP=dba \
>    oracle.install.db.OSKMDBA_GROUP=dba \
>    oracle.install.db.OSRACDBA_GROUP=dba \
>    SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT=false \
>    DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=true
Launching Oracle Database Setup Wizard...
 
The response file for this session can be found at:
 /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1/install/response/db_2019-08-17_12-41-50PM.rsp
 
You can find the log of this install session at:
 /tmp/InstallActions2019-08-17_12-41-50PM/installActions2019-08-17_12-41-50PM.log
 
As a root user, execute the following script(s):
        1. /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
        2. /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1/root.sh
 
Execute /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh on the following nodes:
[localhost]
Execute /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1/root.sh on the following nodes:
[localhost]
 
 
Successfully Setup Software.
Moved the install session logs to:
 /u01/app/oraInventory/logs/InstallActions2019-08-17_12-41-50PM
[oracle@localhost ~]$ su - root
Password:
[root@localhost ~]# /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.
Adding read,write permissions for group.
Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.
 
Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.
The execution of the script is complete.
[root@localhost ~]# /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1/root.sh
Check /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1/install/root_localhost.localdomain_2019-08-17_12-44-20-885851348.log for the output of root script
[root@localhost ~]#
 

代码是

/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1/runInstaller -ignorePrereq -waitforcompletion -silent \
    -responseFile /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1/install/response/db_install.rsp \
    oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY \
    ORACLE_HOSTNAME=OL8.0_19C \
    UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall \
    INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory \
    SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en,en_GB \
    ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1 \
    ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle \
    oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE \
    oracle.install.db.OSDBA_GROUP=dba \
    oracle.install.db.OSBACKUPDBA_GROUP=dba \
    oracle.install.db.OSDGDBA_GROUP=dba \
    oracle.install.db.OSKMDBA_GROUP=dba \
    oracle.install.db.OSRACDBA_GROUP=dba \
    SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT=false \
    DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=true

静默安装数据库,df -h先看看内存够不够,不够就调整参数大小或者mount -o remount,size=4G /dev/shm

[root@localhost ~]# mount -o remount,size=4G /dev/shm
[root@localhost ~]# su - oracle
[oracle@localhost ~]$ /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1/bin/dbca -silent -createDatabase \
>      -templateName General_Purpose.dbc \
>      -gdbname cdb1 -sid  cdb1 -responseFile NO_VALUE \
>      -characterSet AL32UTF8 \
>      -sysPassword oracle \
>      -systemPassword oracle \
>      -createAsContainerDatabase true \
>      -numberOfPDBs 1 \
>      -pdbName pdb1 \
>      -pdbAdminPassword oracle \
>      -databaseType MULTIPURPOSE \
>      -automaticMemoryManagement false \
>      -totalMemory 2000 \
>      -storageType FS \
>      -datafileDestination "/u01/app/oracle/oradata" \
>      -redoLogFileSize 50 \
>      -emConfiguration NONE \
>      -ignorePreReqs
[WARNING] [DBT-11209] Current available memory is less than the required available memory (2,000MB) for creating the database.
  CAUSE: Following nodes do not have required available memory :
 Node:localhost        Available memory:1.8429GB (1932452.0KB)
 
[WARNING] [DBT-06208] The 'SYS' password entered does not conform to the Oracle recommended standards.
  CAUSE:
a. Oracle recommends that the password entered should be at least 8 characters in length, contain at least 1 uppercase character, 1 lower case character and 1 digit [0-9].
b.The password entered is a keyword that Oracle does not recommend to be used as password
  ACTION: Specify a strong password. If required refer Oracle documentation for guidelines.
[WARNING] [DBT-06208] The 'SYSTEM' password entered does not conform to the Oracle recommended standards.
  CAUSE:
a. Oracle recommends that the password entered should be at least 8 characters in length, contain at least 1 uppercase character, 1 lower case character and 1 digit [0-9].
b.The password entered is a keyword that Oracle does not recommend to be used as password
  ACTION: Specify a strong password. If required refer Oracle documentation for guidelines.
[WARNING] [DBT-06208] The 'PDBADMIN' password entered does not conform to the Oracle recommended standards.
  CAUSE:
a. Oracle recommends that the password entered should be at least 8 characters in length, contain at least 1 uppercase character, 1 lower case character and 1 digit [0-9].
b.The password entered is a keyword that Oracle does not recommend to be used as password
  ACTION: Specify a strong password. If required refer Oracle documentation for guidelines.
Prepare for db operation
8% complete
Copying database files
31% complete
Creating and starting Oracle instance
32% complete
36% complete
40% complete
43% complete
46% complete
Completing Database Creation
51% complete
53% complete
54% complete
Creating Pluggable Databases
58% complete
77% complete
Executing Post Configuration Actions
100% complete
Database creation complete. For details check the logfiles at:
 /u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/cdb1.
Database Information:
Global Database Name:cdb1
System Identifier(SID):cdb1
Look at the log file "/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/cdb1/cdb1.log" for further details.
[oracle@localhost ~]$
 

代码是

/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1/bin/dbca -silent -createDatabase \
    -templateName General_Purpose.dbc \
    -gdbname cdb1 -sid  cdb1 -responseFile NO_VALUE \
    -characterSet AL32UTF8 \
    -sysPassword oracle \
    -systemPassword oracle \
    -createAsContainerDatabase true \
    -numberOfPDBs 1 \
    -pdbName pdb1 \
    -pdbAdminPassword oracle \
    -databaseType MULTIPURPOSE \
    -automaticMemoryManagement false \
    -totalMemory 2000 \
    -storageType FS \
    -datafileDestination "/u01/app/oracle/oradata" \
    -redoLogFileSize 50 \
    -emConfiguration NONE \
    -ignorePreReqs

修改/etc/oratab中默认的N为Y,以便让数据库随系统的启动一起启动

[oracle@localhost ~]$ cat /etc/oratab |grep -v ^#|grep -v ^$
cdb1:/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1:Y
[oracle@localhost ~]$
 

查看一下

[oracle@localhost ~]$ export ORACLE_SID=cdb1
[oracle@localhost ~]$ export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/dbhome_1
[oracle@localhost ~]$ export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle/
[oracle@localhost ~]$ export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
[oracle@localhost ~]$
[oracle@localhost ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
 
SQL*Plus: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on Sat Aug 17 14:20:38 2019
Version 19.3.0.0.0
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 19.3.0.0.0
 
SQL> show pdbs;
 
    CON_ID CON_NAME                      OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
        2 PDB$SEED                      READ ONLY  NO
        3 PDB1                          READ WRITE NO
SQL> alter system set db_create_file_dest='/u01/app/oracle/oradata';
 
System altered.
 
SQL> alter pluggable database pdb1 save state;
 
Pluggable database altered.
 
SQL> exit;
Disconnected from Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 19.3.0.0.0
[oracle@localhost ~]$ 

更多Oracle相关信息见Oracle 专题页面 https://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=12

Linux公社的RSS地址https://www.linuxidc.com/rssFeed.aspx

本文永久更新链接地址https://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2019-08/160153.htm

linux
本文评论   查看全部评论 (0)
表情: 表情 姓名: 字数

       

评论声明
  • 尊重网上道德,遵守中华人民共和国的各项有关法律法规
  • 承担一切因您的行为而直接或间接导致的民事或刑事法律责任
  • 本站管理人员有权保留或删除其管辖留言中的任意内容
  • 本站有权在网站内转载或引用您的评论
  • 参与本评论即表明您已经阅读并接受上述条款