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Ubuntu 14.04下Zabbix2.4.5 源码编译安装

[日期:2015-05-18] 来源:Linux社区  作者:chrisDuan [字体: ]

安装环境:

Ubuntu14.04 LTS  mysql 5.6 php-fpm nginx 1.8.0

第一部分,php+mysql+nginx组件安装

1、系统更新

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

2、安装php-fpm

zabbix的web前端是用php写成的,需要php来运行

sudo apt-get install php-fpm (当然也可以源码编译php)

3、源码编译 mysql5.6

1. 安装环境:  Mysql-5.6.23.tar.gz


2. 安装必备的工具
sudo apt-get install make  bison g++ build-essential libncurses5-dev cmake

3.    添加组合用户 设置安装目录权限
sudo groupadd mysql
sudo useradd –g mysql mysql –s /bin/false  #创建用户mysql并加入到mysql组,不允许mysql用户直接登录系统
sudo mkdir –p /usr/local/mysql #创建Mysql安装目录
sudo mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql/data
sudo mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql/log
sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql/data
sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql

4.    编译安装mysql

4.1    获取源码包
cd /usr/local/src 
sudo wget http://cdn.mysql.com/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/mysql-5.6.23.tar.gz

4.2    解压mysql源码包
sudo tar –zxvf mysql-5.6.23.tar.gz

5.    编译配置
cd mysql-5.6.23
sudo cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DSYSCONFDIR=/etc -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci -DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all -DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_MEMORY_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_READLINE=1 -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql/data -DMYSQL_USER=mysql -DWITH_DEBUG=0

注意事项:
重新编译时,需要清除旧的对象文件和缓存信息。
# make clean
# rm -f CMakeCache.txt
# rm -rf /etc/my.cnf
sudo make -j4    #-j数字 表示以多核心运行
sudo make install
6.    相关配置
6.1    配置开机启动
sudo chmod +w /usr/local/mysql
sudo cp ./support-files/my-default.cnf  /etc/my.cnf
sudo cp ./support-files/mysql.server  /etc/init.d/mysqld
sudo chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysqld

6.2    常用命令软连接,设置环境变量
sudo ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18 /usr/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18
sudo ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql  /usr/bin
sudo ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin /usr/bin

6.3    初始化数据库

sudo /usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data --user=mysql

7.    启动mysql服务试一试
sudo  /etc/init.d/mysqld start

8.    启动成功后创建root用户的密码
mysqladmin -u root password

9.    成功后使用一下
mysql  -uroot  -p

4、安装nginx

sudo apt-get install nginx (当然也可以源码编译nginx)

nginx配置文件设置

在/etc/ngnix/site-available/default:


复制代码
# You may add here your
# server {
#    ...
# }
# statements for each of your virtual hosts to this file

##
# You should look at the following URL's in order to grasp a solid understanding
# of Nginx configuration files in order to fully unleash the power of Nginx.
# http://wiki.nginx.org/Pitfalls
# http://wiki.nginx.org/QuickStart
# http://wiki.nginx.org/Configuration
#
# Generally, you will want to move this file somewhere, and start with a clean
# file but keep this around for reference. Or just disable in sites-enabled.
#
# Please see /usr/share/doc/nginx-doc/examples/ for more detailed examples.
##

server {
    listen 80 default_server;
#    listen [::]:80 default_server ipv6only=on;

    root /usr/share/nginx/html/zabbix/;
    index index.php index.html index.htm;

    # Make site accessible from http://localhost/
    server_name zabbix.example.com.cn;

    location / {
        # First attempt to serve request as file, then
        # as directory, then fall back to displaying a 404.
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
        # Uncomment to enable naxsi on this location
        # include /etc/nginx/naxsi.rules
    }

    # Only for nginx-naxsi used with nginx-naxsi-ui : process denied requests
    #location /RequestDenied {
    #    proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8080;   
    #}

    #error_page 404 /404.html;

    # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
    #
    #error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
    #location = /50x.html {
    #    root /usr/share/nginx/html;
    #}

    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
    #
    location ~ \.php$ {
        try_files $uri =404;
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
    #    # NOTE: You should have "cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0;" in php.ini
    #
    #    # With php5-cgi alone:
    #    fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
    #    # With php5-fpm:
        fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME    /usr/share/nginx/html$fastcgi_script_name;
        include fastcgi_params;
    }

    # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
    # concurs with nginx's one
    #
    #location ~ /\.ht {
    #    deny all;
    #}
}


# another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
#
#server {
#    listen 8000;
#    listen somename:8080;
#    server_name somename alias another.alias;
#    root html;
#    index index.html index.htm;
#
#    location / {
#        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
#    }
#}


# HTTPS server
#
#server {
#    listen 443;
#    server_name localhost;
#
#    root html;
#    index index.html index.htm;
#
#    ssl on;
#    ssl_certificate cert.pem;
#    ssl_certificate_key cert.key;
#
#    ssl_session_timeout 5m;
#
#    ssl_protocols SSLv3 TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
#    ssl_ciphers "HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5 or HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5:!3DES";
#    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
#
#    location / {
#        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
#    }
#}
example@ubuntu:/etc/nginx/sites-available$

第二部分,Zabbix编译安装和Web前面配置

1、zabbix编译安装的依赖包

#安装编译套件
sudo apt-get install build-essential
#安装php前端需要的包
sudo apt-get install libmysqlclient15-dev php5-gd php5-mysql
#安装zabbix需要的包,snmp\curl\ssl\fping
sudo apt-get install snmp libsnmp-dev snmpd libcurl4-openssl-dev fping

2、创建zabbix用户和zabbix组

sudo groupadd zabbix

sudo useradd -r -s /usr/sbin/nologin -g zabbix zabbix

3、下载zabbix源码包,并解压

wget  http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/2.4/ubuntu/pool/main/z/zabbix/zabbix_2.4.5.orig.tar.gz

sudo tar -zxvf zabbix_2.4.5.orig.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/

cd /usr/local/src/zabbix-2.4.5/database

4、数据库初始化

mysql -uroot -p -e"create database zabbix;"
mysql -uroot -p -e"grant all privileges on zabbix.* to zabbix@localhost identified by 'zabbix';"
mysql -D zabbix -uzabbix -pzabbix < schema.sql
mysql -D zabbix -uzabbix -pzabbix < image.sql
mysql -D zabbix -uzabbix -pzabbix < data.sql

5、zabbix编译安装

cd ..

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zabbix --enable-server --enable-agent --enable-proxy --with-mysql --with-net-snmp --with-libcurl

sudo make &&sudo make install


#--with-net-snmp是启用SNMP协议
#--with-libcurl是监控web网站用的
#--enable-server只可在服务端上使用
#其它还有IPMI等,参阅./configure --help

ps:报错 configure: error: MySQL library not found  缺libmysqlclient15-dev

6、设置zabbix配置文件目录

sudo mkdir /etc/zabbix

cp conf/zabbix_*  /etc/zabbix/

sudo chown -R zabbix:zabbix /etc/zabbix/

7、修改配置文件

sudo vim /et/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf

DBUser DBPassword这两个关键字,替换为前面mysqlDB中设置的用户和密码

8、设置zabbix开机启动

sudo cp misc/init.d/debian/zabbix-server /etc/init.d
sudo cp misc/init.d/debian/zabbix-agent /etc/init.d
cd !$
sudo chmod 755 zabbix-*
sudo update-rc.d zabbix-server defaults
sudo update-rc.d zabbix-agent defaults

9、zabbix web界面安装设置

sudo mkdir /usr/share/nginx/html/zabbix/

cd /usr/src/zabbix-2.4.5/frontends/

sudo cp -r php/* /usr/share/nginx/html/zabbix

在浏览器中打开http://zabbix.example.com.cn/zabbix开始web界面的setup

  1) zabbix会检查php的设置

    标红的是默认需要修改的参数,php的设置文件为/etc/php5/cgi/php.ini

    sudo restart php-fpm restart

  2) zabbix会检查mysql的设置

    zabbix_server.conf 与 my.cnf 中有关mysql的pid sock 等文件的配置路径要一致

    my.cnf  socket = /tmp/mysql.sock

    zabbix_server.conf  DBSocket = /tmp/mysql.sock

    ps:如果还是报错/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock连接不上

        也许 sudo ln -s /tmp/mysql.sock /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock 是一种解决办法

  3) 最后,要手动将生成的设置文件zabbix.conf.php上传到/usr/share/nginx/html/zabbix/conf,zabbix默认用户是admin,密码是zabbix,登陆后一定要修改。

一些Zabbix相关教程集合

安装部署分布式监控系统Zabbix 2.06 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-07/86942.htm

《安装部署分布式监控系统Zabbix 2.06》 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-07/86942.htm

CentOS 6.3下Zabbix安装部署 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-05/83786.htm

Zabbix分布式监控系统实践 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-06/85758.htm

CentOS 6.3下Zabbix监控apache server-status http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-05/84740.htm

CentOS 6.3下Zabbix监控MySQL数据库参数 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-05/84800.htm

64位CentOS 6.2下安装Zabbix 2.0.6   http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-11/109541.htm

ZABBIX 的详细介绍请点这里
ZABBIX 的下载地址请点这里

更多Ubuntu相关信息见Ubuntu 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=2

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-05/117657.htm

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